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Definitions and concepts of leadership
Definition of leadershipLeadership is the set of managerial or leadership skills that an individual has to influence the way of being of the people or in a particular group of people, making this team work with enthusiasm, in the achievement of goals and objectives.
It is also understood as the ability to take initiative, manage, convene, promote, encourage, motivate, and evaluate to a group or team. Of business administration leadership is the exercise of the Executive activity on a project, effectively and efficiently, be it personal, managerial or institutional (within the administrative process of the Organization).
According to the dictionary of the Spanish language (1986), dictionary of behavior Sciences (1956), defines it as other definitions are:-"leadership is an attempt of interpersonal influence, directed through the communication process, the achievement of one or more goals or objectives.
Leadership implies an unequal distribution of power. Members of the group do not lack of power; dan way to activities of the group in different ways. Although, as a general rule, the leader will have the last word.
The philosopher Hugo Landolfi defines leadership as: "leadership is the manifestativo exercise of updates and refinements of a human being, called a leader, who is placed at the service of the achievement, through a mission of one or more objectives proposed by a vision for its action. Such a vision must align and necessarily subordinated to well last of man. The objectives proposed by the vision should include and consider those goals are individual - each of the people who make up the team of leadership-together with those who are organizational".1
The author Richard L. Daft, in his book the experience of leadership, defines leadership as: the relationship of influence that occurs between the leaders and their followers, whereby the two parties intend to arrive at changes and actual results that reflect the purposes that share. The basic elements of this definition are: leader, influence, intention, responsibility, change, shared purpose and followers.
Other concepts that are gaining ground in recent years is that of neuroliderazgo, which refers to a discipline for the neuroeconomics that relies on knowledge derived from psychology and neuroscience to leading better ways and achieve better business management.
Concept of leadershipHe is designated by the term of leadership to the process of influencing the beliefs, values and actions of others and support them so they work enthusiastically in the achievement of the common objectives of the group to which they belong.
Leadership is the ability to be able to to take the initiative in any issue, manage, convene, promote, motivate, encourage and evaluate to a group or a team, which would formally be the exercise of the Executive of an effective and efficient project activity, either that this corresponds to the personal sphere or the managerial or institutional of a company or organization.
Provided that there is leadership will have a leader, who will be the individual about which will fall the responsibility of influencing and motivating the group or the followers of the same task. Although there are several conditions that a leader must meet to be able to occupy that position of privilege within u group or an organization, the capacity of persuasion, influence on others and his charisma will be considered the determinating variables when it comes to achieving the objective of influence.
There are various types of leadership, insofar as possible, the same, will be determined by three issues, on the one hand, by the formality in your election, on the other, by the relationship that is established between leader and followers and the kind of influence that holds the leader upon those who send.
By the formality in your choice, we will find formal leadership (preset by the Organization) and (pop group) informal leadership.
According to the second issue, we will find the following types: leadership dictator (force their ideas in the group, inflexible, likes order and destroy the creativity of others), leadership autocratic (the leader is the only one who makes decisions and organizes the group, does not need to justify decisions made), democratic leadership (the leader makes decisions after discussing them with the group who view and choose between alternative solutions that the leader presents), paternalistic leadership (decisions delivering rewards and punishments to their followers of agreement if they meet or not the slogans), liberal laissez faire leadership (leader delegated decisions to the group, members of the group have total freedom to decide).
And according to the type of influence of the leader on his subordinates, transactional leadership (the group members recognize the leader as such and as an authority), charismatic leadership (the leader has the ability to modify values, beliefs and attitudes of his followers), authentic leadership (one in which the leader focuses on lead to if same first), lateral leadership (between people of the same rank within an organization) and leadership at work (at work).
Definition of leadershipThe word leadership defines an influence that is exerted on persons and allowing you to encourage them to work enthusiastically for a common goal. Who exerts leadership is known as leader.
Leadership is the function that occupies a person who stands out from the rest and is able to make the right decisions for the group, team or organization that precede, inspiring to the rest of the participants in that group to achieve a common goal. For this reason, it is said that leadership involves more than one person, who directs (the leader), and those who support it (subordinates) and allow to develop its position in an efficient way.
The work of the leader is to set a goal and get most of the people wish and work for attaining it. It is a fundamental element in the managers of the business world, to move forward with a company or organization, but it is also in other fields, such as sports (i.e. lead a team to victory) education (teachers who get their students to identify with his way of thinking) and even in the family (parents or older siblings who are taken as an absolute example by your childrenfor example).
There are different classifications of the leaders, who are established based on various criteria. When a leader is chosen by an organization, discusses a formal leader. Informal leaders, on the other hand, emerge from natural and spontaneous within a group.
Anyway, the most widespread classification is that which refers to the link between the leader and the subjects which influence (i.e., his followers). In this case, there are democratic, authoritarian leadership and liberal (laissez faire).
The Democratic leader is one that, in the first place, encourages debate and discussion within the group. Then it takes into account the opinions of his followers and just then, based on criteria and standards of evaluation that are explicit, makes a decision.
The authoritarian leader, on the other hand, is one that decides on its own, without consultation and without justify to his followers. This kind of leader appeals to the one-way communication (no dialogue) with the subordinate.
As for the liberal leader, usually adopt a passive role and hand over power to his group. Why does a judgment about what troop members, who granted the most extensive freedom for his actions.
If the leadership is exercised from changes in values, behaviour and the thoughts of the members of the group, receives the designation of transformational.
The bases to be a good leader are: keep abreast of the latest in the field in which the work is developed, observing the work of other leaders and change the shape of work wherever necessary. On the other hand, the qualities that someone who exercises leadership must have are: knowledge, trust, integrity, and, of course, charisma to inspire their subordinates.
The best leaders are those who are visionaries, who are able to understand the productive situations for the company until they are presented, are innovative and are in favour of the change. We can put as an example Bill Gates, a frustrated student of Harvard, which thanks to its qualities of leader was able to establish one of the most important companies in the technology sector, Microsoft and, thanks to the decisions that knew how to take and that he got influential companies to trust in it, became the person the world's richest. He was able to understand that one day computers become an indispensable part of households, and worked to develop products that would allow it, I guess it is the best example of a visionary leader.
But having a good idea is not enough to become leader, it is necessary to know how to carry it out and convince those who surround you that such idea is the best invention that has been ever thought and that it is intended to solve our major problems. If we manage to captivate the audience with our idea, we will possibly become a leading visionary and valued by the environment.
Another leadership rating is determined by the influence of the leader in his subordinates. When the leader is recognized as an authority within the Group and members believe that it provides important resources, leadership is transactional.
Another definition of the term is found in the dictionary of science behavior that defines leadership as the qualities of ability and personality that allow someone to become a group leader, by controlling all the individuals forming the part.
For his part, Rallph M. Stogdill, asserts that there are as many definitions of leadership as people have thought of this concept, however the more accurate would be that you it's the process of driving the activities of a group and have an influence on the behaviors that they develop.
To be a leader it is essential, on the other hand have the ability to communicate. Know not only clearly express ideas and mandates, but also know how to listen and remember what you think each individual that is part of the group that is represented. Furthermore, as defined by Salovey and Mayer, it is essential to count on emotional intelligence. In other words, with the ability to drive the feelings and emotions of oneself and of others and use the information to achieve the fundamental objective of the group.
Concept of leadershipLeadership is the ability to influence others through the principle of power, and the potential of individuals and organizations to obtain one greater good (what is best for all concerned).
Leadership is a role (leader) likely to be adopted by any human being, regardless of their educational, occupational, or hierarchical level. This may be assumed either by women or men in organizations, the family, in the community, school society, religious group, sporting, cultural or social club.
The task of the leader is not so easy, should be able to have very good communication and a skill of integration, ability to be a leader to guide and direct, have vision and motivation, and expert in risk taking. He is said that the leader "is born" and not "becomes".
Modern Sociology, distinguishes three types of leadership that relate to other many forms of authority: the charismatic leader; to which his followers attributed conditions and powers superior to other leaders; the traditional leader, who inherits power, either by custom that occupies a position or because they belong to a family group that has held power since long time ago, and the legal leader, who is elected by the official methods, either the elections or voting, or because shows her as an expert on others. This last figure is generally recognized in the field of politics and private business.
Definition of leadershipThe word leadership comes from the verb lead, which in turn is derived from English "to lead" with the meaning of guiding.
The leadership then is a social position, allowing the leader guide or go to others, gaining the acceptance of her figure as leader, in a natural way, by show committed, be motivating, recognizing capacity, in the case of a democratic leader; or be taken that role in a coercive way, through fear. In this case its leadership is weak, because what you have is actually able to, but if you are unable to be followed by his commitment and his personal qualities, it might lose that position, as another may assume the role of opposition leader, achieve consensus and remove its Chief place.
The leader is a model to follow, which captures the wills and manages to be made available for the desired ends, respecting the dissent, listening, dialogue and convincing with solid arguments. They are reliable, communicative, and not resort to deception or to demagoguery.
We recognize the existence of leaders in various social fields: peer school, Office, in enterprises, and at the political level.
There are leaders who can be called charismatic, that they are basically temptresses, persuasive and manage follow-up by thereby communicate with others that makes them correntino. While they occupy a place of command, they do not feel well, because its pre-eminence in the decision-making is accepted as an expression of shared desires.
Other leaders are by proven intellectual ability and/or action, others by its high willingness to take action, by his vision of opportunities, by his strategist, and so on.
Those who manage to remain under deception, false promises or for dishonest purposes, are negative leaders.