Concepts and Meanings of Páramo
1. Meaning of Páramo
1. Wasteland, satin and unsheltered.
2. Extremely cold and forsaken place.
From Latin paramus, voice of pre-Roman origin.
Paramo is a plain, satin and high, is a kind of ecosystem that extends from Venezuela and Colombia to northern Peru.
Due to its equatorial latitude and high altitude ecosystems are similar for example in East Africa and in Papua New Guinea, with landscapes like the Andean highlands.
The high altitude in tropical produces a special atmosphere that can be summarized as: "winter every night and summer every day."
The flora and fauna of the moor has adapted to daily seasonality, cold, low air pressure and low water availability. Animals also have important adaptations to keep the heat, as dense and dark colored coats.
2. Definition of PáramoThe Moors are spaces of fog, drizzle and clouds clinging to the rocks and the wind arremolineantes. Covert, shadowy, unknown, places where the horizons are multiplied and the whole is evident. Páramo gathers at his lathe the energies of life and man has always linked them to their gods, those forces that just don't understand or dominate (Josan, 1982).
The Moors are natural systems complex and varied mountain, which are above the upper limit of forests high Andean. From the functional point of view, biogeographical and vegetation, the Moors are classified into subpáramo, Páramo itself and superparamo.
Areas of special protection - Legal framework
For the protection of the moors of the country are environmental principles in law 99 of 1993, which establishes the areas of moorland, subparamos, the birth of water and aquifer recharge zones will be of special protection.
Likewise, the Ministry of the environment, through the ecosystems direction technique, works in a normative project for the protection and sustainable use of ecosystems, in the framework of the programmes better water and strategic ecosystems of national environmental policy.
3 Concept of PáramoParamo is a term that derives from the Latin word parămus and that refers, generally, to a flat surface, little fertile desert, which is usually located several metres above the sea level. By extension, the notion is also used to name the sites that do not provide shelter or protection.
A Moor, in the strictly geographic sense of the concept, presents thickets and scarce presence of water courses. Strong wind gusts are common, as well as the differences of temperature between day and night. For example: "We arrived at the Summit and, an hour later, we begin the descent into a wasteland in which we installed camp", "To get to the next village, will have to pass through a vast wasteland", "Only five or six families live scattered in the wilderness".
Paramo is also a fairly common in our language surname. A linguist and philologist Colombian (Jorge Páramo) and a Mexican journalist (David Moor), among others, share this surname.
"Pedro Páramo", on the other hand, is the title of a famous book (and the name of a character in the novel) Juan Rulfo, which is considered one of the great works of Latin American literature.
Various geographic locations, finally, called Moor. In this sense, you can say that Páramo is a municipality located in the Colombian Department of Santander in which nearly 4,000 people live and which is also a Galician town located in the Spanish province of Lugo.
In the field of fiction, El Páramo is a territory imagined in "The Lord of the rings" by J.R.R. Tolkien.
4. What is PáramoThis is called as Páramo to that of important dimensions which is characterized by the absence of population and vegetation and terrain by being located at a certain altitude.
The structure of the paramo is comparable with tabular relief which is highlighted by the orographic appearance of strata with forms of tables and is seated on the limestone type soils (sedimentary rock composed mostly of calcium carbonate) that have virtually no vegetation; rainfed crops, heaths and Shrublands are the most common presences.
With respect to climate, we also find several particularities, since in moorlands is a fact thermal amplitude, regular winds and rivers, in both shortages and as a consequence of the considerable altitude many moorland observed, in rainy seasons is quite frequent the presence of fog.
It is noteworthy, that those areas in which the Moors are substantial are called moorlands. The Indian subcontinent, Central Asia, Tropical Africa, North America, among others, are some of the places in which we can find with this type of environments.
And also the word Moor refers to mountain ecosystems ranging from discontinuous in the Neotropics mode, as it is called to the region that contains a part of South America, Central America, Caribbean and Mexico. Obviously share the typical characteristics of the Moor above above.