1. Definition of aidDenominates helps a human action to alleviate or solve the needs of one person or social group. Support can be unilaterally, when everyone who receives it does not reward it, or so I push pull, when all parties will benefit.
The existing economic organization with its consequent organization of work seems to Enthrone the notion of competition as a way of achieving progress and prosperity. The truth is that if we go through the history of mankind with a critical sense, the greatest progress in every sense were caused by cooperation before that competition. Modern science is built on the theoretical postulates of the past that have laid their foundations, rights claims were made about the search for a consensus and any human undertaking, among which are those which attempt to achieve economic income, can only prosper through the pursuit of common goals through mutual aid.
An example of aid can be granted it the duties performed by the State. The State Constitution has as livelihood moral support to those sectors excluded that they are unable to gain access to goods and services that are necessary for survival. Thus, the State guarantees them education, health safety and other types of coverage. It can be then, that the State is a facility that society has developed for the most disadvantaged. In the case of the States of federal nature, stands that aid must be complementary, so to achieve coordinated and non-competitive actions across local (city or County), State (provincial or regional) and national (federal). In the case of the presence of supra-national bodies, aid is usually based on cooperation between the institution in question (whether an international mechanism as the United Nations or non-governmental organization) and the national Government.
Another example of community founded in the help can give him family. In general, this is a case of constant mutual solidarity in which each member takes care of the needs of others. Not in vain is said to constitute the cell of the society. In fact, there is no human culture recognized by history in which family not been constituted the fundamental social unit and the prototype par excellence of the concept of support and life in community.
It is important to rescue the value of aid beyond a naive voluntarism that dries up on moral postulates of little application. The truth is that it is beneficial to tackle any task or social activity put the emphasis on a generous attitude which in the long run will bring its fruits. In a strictly scientific model, Homo sapiens is a gregarious animal, with a tendency to life in groups from lowest to greatest magnitude (couple, family, village, town, nation), which aid seems to be part of their own genetics, since it is impossible to conceive social relations in the absence of this crucial variable of everyday life. This hypothesis is supported by those who warn that closer to the male animals are the dog and the horse, being also gregarious nature and that are true "communities" in which noted his human master as the leader of the group. In contrast, there are sobrados historical examples that a human being can live in absolute solitude. Therefore, in reality, beyond the biological basis the tendency of humans to aggregation, is clear that should you contemplares factors that exceed a single biological appreciation, by which human assistance is different from the mere group life of other animals, and includes unique emotional and social components.
2. Concept of aidIt means aid both at the request of relief someone attempted to another to attend it as the response to this request. "Examples: Maria asked for help so someone assist during his illness", "Rosa lent support to Mary while she was sick".
The assistance provided to another person or legal entity, a person or entity can be material (things or money) or intangible (training, moral support, and so on). For example: "The State has the obligation to provide assistance to those in need for reasons of social equity", "your loving words were very helpful at this time of sorrow".
At the international level, countries help under a plan of cooperation, for example the assistance provided to countries with financial problems. When the help is mutual is called mutual aid, and it is common, as for example, the European Union or MERCOSUR economic blocs.
Professional help is that people with specific expertise in specific issues, provide for guidance in the resolution of problems associated with them: "I asked to help my counter to declare my earnings", "I asked my medical help because I felt sick", "I'm in a crisis with my partner, I will request psychological assistance".
Not only aid can occur between people but between things or persons and things, if they are used to achieve goals. Example: "thanks to the help of my staff I could walk", or "With the help of my dog days of my old age are not so lonely" or "the instruction manual was very helpful to solve the problem of my household".