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Definition of anarchy
1 Meaning of anarchyOn this occasion he calls us a feminine noun that, etymologically speaking, derives from the latin anarchia which, in turn, comes from the Greek ἀναρχία. Yes, the word that will give life and form to this article is none other than anarchy. Depending on what sets the illustrated encyclopedic dictionary Manual Sopena is the lack of any Government in a State. Usually, this term used to designate those situations where the absence of public power arises or State, thing that makes inapplicable the so-called monopoly of force on a given territory.
On the other hand, within political philosophy this term comes to be polysemous; or is that its use can refer to different concepts. The first one concerns the political disorder that occurs after the collapse of a State, since it is unable to apply the law on its territory. At the same time, also used to allude to that situation that can occur in the middle of a serious institutional conflict that no one up to the head of State, either its recognition is in full dispute.
Meanwhile, the political doctrine which defends and is in favor of anarchy comes to be anarchism. As well, his followers what they promote is a way of social organization that do not need the State. This is due to that the anarchists do not believe in the mastery of man over the same man. In this sense it is usually driving institutions that may have formed by the free agreement of the citizens, without any use of force. In relation to this position, you must add underpinning the common idea of the anarchists in that I believe that the State is totally unnecessary, while in addition they believe it directly harmful provided violates the full freedoms of individuals.
Synonym of anarchyThen provide it a small list with synonyms that includes the previously mentioned term: misrule, disorganization, disorder, confusion, chaos, acracia and mess, among others.
2. Definition of anarchyAnarchy is the term that we use in our language to designate a State that can occur in any context and is characterized by the disorder, chaos, confusion and above all things by the absence of an authority that organize and order the situation in question. Alternatively, it may happen that there is an authority although its power is so weak that it is as if directly it was not. When the Chief leaves on vacation, in the work of Marcos, anarchy reigns: all are removed before, are missing, etc.
On the other hand, the word anarchy presents a usual field politician because through it you'll realize that State, nation, in which there is a total absence of Government or authority, i.e., there is an individual or group to which the community respect and obey that conversely prima a State of chaos.
Usually a context of anarchy appears behind the succession of some particular fact which leads to a crisis and widespread uprising of the people against the power of the moment, which ends up leaving the Government forcibly.
But beware that not in the political arena the anarchy is always synonymous with absence of authority, since on the other hand, and as other side we can find with anarchism which is a doctrine social politician who promotes above all things the individual liberty of persons, total excision of the State and also private property as State and form of ideal Government.
That is, in an anarchic political context there will be no hierarchy, social control, or authorities that are able to impose on individuals, because as we said, these, enjoy absolute freedom to proceed. In anarchism, the authority is considered as something negative and totally counterproductive.
The supporter of this form of Government, and therefore in the popular speech who does not like to observe the rules and respect the authorities, it is known popularly as anarchist.
Among the synonyms used for this word, without a doubt, the chaos is which is more used, insofar as possible, the concept that opposes is the order.
3 Concept of anarchyThe term comes from the Greek anarkhia, arkho, "govern" and refers to the lack of any Government in a State. According to Plato, the anarchy is a case limit of democracy since it arises when several groups or forces that make up the political life of a country, want to impose their will on the constituted power. General anarchy appears when the power of Attorney does not have authority to arbitrate in a decisive manner in the various political, economic and social antagonisms that occur commonly in all Community coexistence.
Anarchism, set of doctrines of the anarchists, promotes his political theories of rejection of all State power and believe that the coexistence of human beings is given by the will and the reason for each one. In addition, reject the progressive reform as a way of development of the State; expects everything to the radical destruction of the State order, which must be carried out by means of the so-called direct action. These postulates were developed by the English dissident cleric Williams Goldwin and young Proudhon, receiving a philosophical basis through Max Stirner, with his main followers socialrevolucionarios Russian, Bakunin and Prince Kropotkin, with Tolstoy in its religious aspect.
From 55 years and until now, there have been several revivals as a consequence of various circumstances short-term as the transformation of imperialist capitalism and its concentration of powers, and obvious crises of the political structures of the democratic bourgeoisie.
Anarchism, linked to libertarian movements and mass student, influenced mainly in the Netherlands, and in the events of May 1968 in Paris, Belgrade and Berlin as protest against the capitalist establishment and model of fascist and Stalinist society. All action violent anarcocomunistas, anarcho-syndicalist and libertarian autgestionarios, were serveramente repressed, losing over the years its strength and social influence.