Definition of Older Adult
1. Concept of older adult
This is the term or name to receive those who belong to the age group that includes people who are over 65 years of age. He is generally considered to older adults, only for having reached this age range, are what are known as belonging to the elderly or infirm.
The elderly goes through a stage of life which is considered as the last one, in which the life projects have already accomplished, being possible to enjoy what remains of life with peace of mind. Usually the elderly people have stopped working, or well retire, so their income level decreases significantly, which, together with the health problems associated with age can bring consequences in all areas of your life. This situation makes that elderly people often should be considered as a hindrance for their families, a growing problem in today's society it is abandonment. Another option often taken consists of homes that specialize in their care (anyway there is to consider that today orphanages or homes of nursing home for the elderly will have sophisticated increasingly due to the demand of the market, and the most sophisticated of these establishments accounts with comforts and enviable care such as spas, gyms)(, plasma TVs and others, although of course services are in direct relation with its price, which can be considerable).
As we see, it's a group of people who are strongly discriminated against, since they make the mistake of considering them as inoperative or incapable, sick or simply old that they may not meet the most basic tasks. Because of this, Governments and municipalities have dealt with creating policies and specialized centres which are concerned in the special form of older adults, giving them special benefits in relation to social services and health, with special activities specifically created to keep this part of society and active population.
The previous conception of the third age in the majority of cases is quite far away from the reality that these people live. Many times remain perfectly healthy and active, people full of vitality to enjoy the tranquility of having complied with all the life projects, allowing you to enjoy family and grandchildren WINS accumulated during life.
2 Meaning of older adultThe concept of older adult has a relatively recent usage, it has appeared as an alternative to the classic person of senior and elder. Meanwhile, one older adult is that individual who is in the last stage of life, which follows after adulthood and that precedes the death of the person. Because it is precisely during this phase that the body and the cognitive faculties of the people will deteriorate.
Usually described as elderly people exceeding 70 years of age.
Now well, notably, that undoubtedly improvements that have occurred in terms of quality and life expectancy in many places on the planet have added that the mortality rate of this population come down and accompanying this extended the number of years, to 70, to classify this population group.
For example, it is common that today we find many people of this age presenting an extremely active life in every sense: working, they're playing sports, traveling, studying, among other activities normally played by younger individuals.
But it is also worth mentioning that there is an other side and for some people this stage of life is indeed complex and difficult to cope with, especially in those cases in which the body begins to deteriorate. Because in this situation the individual cannot work, their social activity decreases and then begin to experience negative super States as be the exclusion and postponement.
In developed countries this population group has retirement and pension, in cases as appropriate, allowing them to receive a monetary income if they cannot or do not want to work more.
As well mentioned above, at this stage of life the health deteriorates significantly, while there are many diseases and conditions especially associated with this time, such as: Alzheimer's disease, osteoporosis, arthritis and cataracts, among others.
There are two disciplines dealing scientifically with this stage of life in medicine: Geriatrics, which deals with the prevention and rehabilitation of diseases typical, and Gerontology, for its part, deals with psychological, social, economic and demographic aspects that relate to these individuals.
There is one day a year in which the entire world is pays homage to older adults: October 1.
3. Definition of older adult
The third expression age is an antropico-social term that refers to the population of people aged or elderly. At this stage the body will deteriorate and is therefore synonymous with old age and old age. It's a group of people that is 70 years of age or older. Today, the term leaves used by professionals and is more used the term elderly people (in Spain and Argentina) and elderly (in Latin America). It is the seventh and last stage of life (prenatal, infancy, childhood, adolescence, youth, adulthood and old age or old age) happening after this death.
This age group has been growing in the pyramid of population or distribution by age in the population structure, due mainly to the decline in the mortality rate by improving the quality and life expectancy of many countries.
The conditions of life for the people of the third age are especially difficult, as they will quickly lose opportunities for work, social activity and ability to socialization, and in many cases are postponed and excluded. In developed countries, mostly they enjoy better living standards, they are subsidized by the State and have access to pensions, health guarantees and other benefits.
There are even countries which grant work without discriminate by age and where premium experience and capacity. Diseases associated with old age (Alzheimer's, arthritis, Diabetes, cataracts, Osteoporosis etc.) are more recurrent in the countries in developing than developed .
The international day of older persons is celebrated on 1 October.
The newly elaborate sociology of seniors has other dimensions: consider these people a cultural group in a stratification of the population by age (equal treatment, equal rights) groups. However, this situation only applies in a small but interesting segment of consumers and political clientele, so again is reductionist, since it assumes homogeneity. In addition, the exclusion of the paid labour market does not remove inclusion in typical activities of volunteer, municipal commissions, residencies, social centres, libraries and other institutions with community, associative and participatory approach, as individuals and as citizens.
Shanas (1968, 1977) contributed to the concept of the social construction of the elderly against discriminating concepts which, like symbols and feelings, can be modified; Butler (1975, 1980) removed forward new age, with a focus on symbolic interactionism.