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Definition of dentistry
1. Concept of dentistryThe dentistry Word, derived from the Greek "Odontology" which means tooth and "logos" which can be translated as reasoned, or tried to study. It was preceded by the Stomatology, already disused term, "stoma" also being a word of Greek origin, which means mouth, in Spanish. Usual call who is dedicated to this specialty, dentist or dentist. In Spain until its entry into the European Union was required to be first, then access the dental surgeries. Currently in most of the world already dentistry is an approximately five-year independent career, by which although it has related subjects with medicine courses separately.
Fits you to the head of the Egyptian Court Hessie-Re doctors in 3,000 C, recognized as the first dentist's register, in a woodcut; still very common and serious teeth diseases that place and time. Towards the 2,500 b.c., Chinese doctors used to relieve dental pain, acupuncture. In Greece, Hippocrates was these ailments with hot wire. Although it seems incredible barbers exerted this activity since the end of the middle ages. Pierre Fauchard (1678-1761) can be highlighted by advances in the dental field laying the groundwork for modern dentistry, discarding such that decay should the presence of worms as he maintained until then.
Dentistry is to the study of the oral pathologies, especially the teeth, although it also includes problems affecting gums, tongue, lips, oral mucosa and the palate.
There within dentistry multiple are also specialties, including forensic dentistry, very useful to identify individuals; Endodontics, which deals with canals, periodontics, dealing with the problems of the periodontium; Orthodontics, which deals with the prevention and correction of tooth positions, Dental surgery and maxillofacial, dealing with the patient to intervene surgically, etc. Implantology, placement of fixed teeth that replace other non-existent, is a new and revolutionary technique, used increasingly nowadays.
2. Meaning of dentistryWithin the natural sciences, and more precisely of the medicine, dentistry (Word of Greek origin) is called the discipline that deals with the study of teeth and gums. Dentists, also known as dentists, are responsible for relieving ailments related to oral health, and interventions of different types as needed.
In almost all countries of the world is currently studying Dentistry College, as an independent medical career, but with various materials in common. It lasts five years, and has a good work out.
Dentistry is avoca not just teeth and gums, but also to the discomforts associated with the tongue, oral mucosa, lip and palate. Cavities are one of the most common problems with which they must deal, and for which appeal to the dentist, but is also common orthodontics, extraction of teeth, and increasingly the use of implants. Different branches of dentistry, such as Endodontics (dedicated to the treatments of conduit), there are therefore forensic dentistry (which allows the identification of persons in judicial cases), orthodontics (used to correct the position of the teeth, with the help of "brackets" or "equipment"), and implantology (placement of teeth in a definitive way, in the absence of those of the person).
But it is not enough to go to the dentist to make our mouth healthy; It is in our hands daily brushing our teeth with toothpaste, and complement the hygiene with mouthwash and dental floss. It is recommended to brush your teeth after every meal, and paying attention to all the corners of the mouth.
In adulthood, i.e. after having changed all the milk teeth, the human being has an approximate number of twenty-eight teeth, which can be classified into incisors, canines, premolars, molars and back teeth (or wisdom teeth).
3. What is dentistryDentistry is the medical specialty which is responsible for studying, treating, and preventing typical diseases suffering from our teeth, among the most common: caries, gingivitis, or inflammation of the gums.
While the teeth are the main recipients of dental activity, there are also other pathologies serving this specialty, as well stated the gums, lips, palate, tongue and oral mucosa.
Now, within dentistry there are specialties that are dedicated exclusively to address specific problems, for example: Endodontics (deals damage the pulp tissue, treatments of duct being the most common way of doing so), dental forensic (is a specialty very consulted by Justice to identify found bodies that do not present precarious), Periodontics (deals with those issues affecting the tissues that support the teeth)Orthodontics (malfunctions and anomalies in the shape and position of the teeth. Their most popular treatments include devices or brackets that are placed to align the teeth), oral and maxillofacial surgery (is in charge of treating those diseases and injuries affecting the mouth), and one of the most innovative and new, implantology, involving the application of new fixed on-site dental pieces that were parts that have been lost by some accident, either by wear and tear, among other reasons.
Popularly it to the individual who is professionally engaged in curing diseases of the teeth as a dentist and also as a dentist, depending on the place in the world in which it is one. It should be noted that to serve as such must comply satisfactorily with the career of dentistry and the practices associated with it.
In earliest times, the dentist, called be graduated in medicine first, to work as a dentist, but over time and with the ever more important demand in this specialty, was created a race especially for this specialty that lasts approximately five years and has the important mission of caring for the health of our teeth. Anyway, it is worth to indicate, that many matters contained in the dentistry program match the career in medicine.