Biography of Adolf Hitler | Who was.

Adolf Hitler
(1889/04/20 - 1945/04/30)

Adolf Hitler

Politician and German dictator of Austrian origin

He was born on April 20, 1889 in Braunau am Inn (Austria).

Son of Alois Hitler, a customs officer amateur spirit, and the peasant Klara Hitler, for whom his son felt his life a great devotion.

Adolf Hitler was a mediocre student who did not finish secondary school. He requested admission to the Academy of fine arts in Vienna, but it was not admitted for lack of talent. He remained in that city until 1913, where he lived thanks to an orphan's pension and some income pictures painting.

In World War I he enlisted as a volunteer in the Bavarian army. Hitler proved to be a soldier handed over and brave, although high graduation got was held, since his superiors considered that he lacked leadership qualities. After the defeat of Germany in 1918, he returned to Munich and remained in the army until 1920. He was appointed officer of instruction and was assigned the task of immunizing soldiers in his charge against the pacifist and democratic ideas. Hitler joined the German workers party, nationalist sign, in September 1919, and in April 1920 was devoted all his time now. At that time, it had been renamed the Labor Party National Socialist German (briefly known as the Naziparty), and Hitler was elected its President in 1921 (Führer) with dictatorial powers. Spread its doctrine of racial hatred and contempt for democracy in numerous meetings organized by and, meanwhile, party paramilitary organizations terrorized his political enemies. He did not hesitate to become a key figure in Bavaria policy thanks to the collaboration of high-ranking officials and wealthy entrepreneurs.

In November 1923, at a time of political and economic chaos, led a revolt in Munich against the Weimar Republic, in which it proclaimed himself Chancellor of a new authoritarian regime. However, known as the Munich putsch failed for lack of military support. Adolf Hitler was sentenced to five years in prison as a leader of the attempted coup d ' état, and devoted the eight months of condemnation that met to write his autobiography: Mein Kampf (my struggle). He was freed thanks to a general amnesty in December 1924. During the economic crisis of 1929, many Germans accepted his theory that explained it as a conspiracy between Jews and Communists. He managed to attract the vote of millions of citizens by promising to rebuild a strong Germany, create more jobs and restore national glory. The representation of the nazi party in the Reichstag went from 12 members in 1928 to 107 in 1930. The party continued to grow during the following two years taking advantage of the situation created by the increase in unemployment, fear of communism and the lack of decision of its political rivals.

When Hitler became Chancellor in January 1933, large employers hoped to be able to control him easily. Despite expected by economic power, once it agreed to the Government Headquarters, it soon proclaim itself a dictator of the nation, accumulating the Presidency of the Reich and the Chancery with the title of Reichsführer. Thousands of citizens opposed to the nazi party were sent to concentration camps and removed any hint of opposition. His parliamentary majority allowed him to pass a law that it transferred to the nazi party control of the bureaucracy and the judiciary, he replaced the trade unions for a Labour front German directed also by the nazis and he banned all political parties except the National Socialist. The Nazi authorities took control of the economy, the media and the cultural activities, making depend on the jobs of loyalty to their ideology. He had his secret police, the Gestapo, and with prisons and concentration camps to intimidate opponents, although the majority of Germans supported him enthusiastically.

The progress of the arms industry ended unemployment, workers were attracted by an ambitious programme of leisure activities and the successes achieved in foreign policy was impressed by the nation. Thus, he molded the German people to become flexible tool needed to establish the domain of Germany over Europe and other parts of the world. He ridiculed the concept of equality between human beings and claimed the racial superiority of the Germans. Because they were considered members of a superior race, they believed to be entitled to subdue all the Nations which had undergone.

Adolf Hitler began the rearming of Germany in 1935 (against what was agreed in the Treaty of Versailles which had put an end to the first world war in relation to the defeated Germany), he sent troops into the demilitarized Rhineland region in 1936, and annexed Austria and the Sudetenland (Sudeten); of Czechoslovakia in 1938. The rest of the Czechoslovak territory was under German control in March 1939. Hitler came to the aid of troops rebels of the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939), led by Francisco Franco. None of the leaders of other countries were opposed to these actions, bewildered amid fears that a new war occur. He signed the Pact of neutrality Moscow with the promise that give way to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) a part of the territory of Poland when this nation was defeated, which attacked her in September 1939. The poles were quickly and their allies, the British and the French, who had declared war on Germany, could do nothing to help them. The forces of Hitler invaded Denmark and Norway in the spring of 1940 and, weeks later, defeated the troops of the Netherlands, Belgium and France. The defeat of Britain could be avoided thanks to the intervention of air forces reais (RAF), who rejected the Luftwaffe (German air force). He returned his attention to the Soviet Union. The first step of Adolf Hitler was to conquer the Balkan peninsula to protect this flank. The invasion of the Soviet Union, which began in June 1941, did not hesitate to take the German armies at the gates of Moscow but the Russians forced them to retreat in December, precisely when United States decided to intervene in the conflict. As time passed, the defeat was more inevitable, but Hitler continued to refuse to capitulate to the belief that Germany did not deserve to survive by failing to fulfill its mission. On the other hand, the plan to exterminate the Jews continued their March throughout this period, and countless trains that transported millions of prisoners to concentration camps were a scourge to the economic war effort. In July 1944, a group of officers organized a conspiracy to assassinate him and put an end to the conflict, but the plan failed.

Finally, leaving behind him to a Germany invaded and defeated, Adolf Hitler committed suicide in his bunker in Berlin on April 30, 1945, together that long had been his companion, Eva Braun, with whom had married the previous day.
Translated for educational purposes.
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