What is the Harmonica?
The harmonica is a wind or aerophone instrument. It belongs to the family of aerophones free tongue, i.e. tongue which possesses no collides with another structure to be able to sound, as do the tabs of other instruments such as the clarinet, saxophone, oboe, etc.
The harmonica comes from a Chinese instrument called very old "Sheng", whose design allowed notes blown and sucked. In the 18th century, the Sheng had already reached Europe, giving the idea of the tongue free. In 1821, the young inventor watchmaker Christian Friedrich Ludwig Buschmann invented the Aura (instrument into ammonia) with the idea of using it as a piano tuner. Buschmann realized the quality of his instrument and soon popularized it and perfected. In 1830, the inventor Joseph Richter, built a harmonica as it is known today, adding tabs in the opposite direction to produce sound by blowing and sucking. The harmonic spread rapidly, especially among American soldiers in the civil war. United States became one of the main retailers of harmonics in 1900. Today is used in many styles of music such as jazz, blues, rock and pop.
The harmonica is composed of the body, two sets of tabs, the two protective covers and screws. Body or comb is the central part of the harmonica and presents spaces that function as channels for the passage of air. The tabs are 10 in the top game and another ten in the bottom game; While some vibrate by blowing air to the interior of the harmonica, the others make it to suck in air. Lids are also protective sheets calls and are corresponding to the housing of the harmonica. Both channels of the cells and the protective caps tighten bolts.
The way to take the harmonica is with the right hand or left (depending on the person) in pincer, by one side, leaving one centimetre margin on the side facing the mouth, and the other hand should be on the back; This hand should open and close to achieve a musician like sound effects. The sound of the harmonica is produced by air, blown or sucked, that vibrates to the tabs. The harmonica has 10 holes, each for two notes, produced by blowing and produced when vacuuming. As in other wind instruments, it is important to know to handle the diaphragm, breathing should be very controlled to produce long notes and other effects.
Some harmonica players featured in classical music are Hugo Díaz, Larry Adler, Robert Bonfiglio, Pedro Heredia and Ronald Chesney. Jazz highlights performers such as Howard Levy, Gregoire Maret, Olivier Poumay, Toots Thielemans and Antnio Serrano, among others. As for the rock we find Bob Dylan, John Lennon and Bruce Springsteen and blues include Muddy Waters, Paul Buterfield, Charlie MacCoy, Adrián Jiménez and José Cruz, among others.