What is the magic realism?
Magical realism is an artistic current that magical elements or illogical situations, compared with other more realistic or normal considered works. Developed in the mid-20th century, his expression was especially through literature, although it also included painting and filming.
The term magic realism was used for the first time in 1925, by the German critic Franz Roh, which referred to a particular style of painting. Later, it was used to describe the style of some American painters like Paul Cadmus, Ivan Albright and George Tooker, among other artists of the decades of 1940 and 1950. It is important to mention that, unlike the use of the term in the literature, when he describes the Visual Arts, not refers to paintings with elements of magic and illogical, but realistic in extreme and, at times, worldly.
Important were the writers Alejo Carpentier, Jorge Luis Borges and Juan Rulfo, who with his first works were able to influence the Latin American Boom of the 1960s. It is said that the first work of magic realism was Pedro Páramo de Juan Rulfo. Important were also the work of Isabel Allende, "House of spirits", and Gabriel García Márquez, "One hundred years of solitude", which were hits for sale around the world. In fact, the latter is often considered the best exponent of magical realism, also including his works "The autumn of the Patriarch" and "Chronicles of a death announced". Outside Latin America, magical realism influenced the works of authors such as Italian Italo Calvino, Czech Milan Kundera, and Salman Rushdie English.
As for filming are some stories by Woody Allen which can be seen within the magical realism. Highlights "Zelig", "The Purple Rose of Cairo", "Alice", "Shadows and Fog" and "The Curse of the Jade Scorpion".
The works of magical realism are characterized by certain elements present in them: there are magic items that characters considered normal; the magical elements can guess but not explained; It contains multiple narrators who may be first, second, and third persons; the time may be distorted and is perceived as cyclical and not linear; the everyday is transformed in experiences that can be supernatural; the characters can revive; the scenes are mostly American. The above are just some of the elements of magic realism.
Magical realism features include the following: on issues, there is diversity of historical epochs, a cultural essence of miscegenation and pre-Columbian elements to their mythological values. As for the characters, they often have journeys that are not only physical, but also change of space time. As to the time, it can be chronological (with a logical course), static (time stops as if it were not important), inverted (night, day is), and there may also be a rupture of the planes of the time (the present is mixed with the past and the future).