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What is the trumpet?
The trumpet is a musical instrument of wind and a member of the family of the metal. It is an instrument that by its brilliant sound and power excels in an orchestra and is worldwide known wind instrument.
The trumpets are known since ancient times in Greece and Rome. In those times and even during the middle ages, they were large and rudimentary instruments. In the 12th century, they suffer modifications and newly begins history and birth of the trumpets of today. Over time they developed until centuries XVII and XVIII reach its fullness when they are included in the works of the great composers.
Trumpet, measuring approximately 50 cm, is basically composed of the embouchure, Pistons, pipes and the Pavilion. The embouchure is the place where trumpeter makes contact with her lips to blow and the sound. Pipes are spiral shaped and measuring 180 centimeters. Pistons are three valves that carry air by different parts of the piping of the trumpet; they are equipped with the buttons on the button activated by the musician to achieve press the air. The Pistons are responsible that the trumpet is a chromatic instrument, i.e. having the twelve semitones of the Western tempered scale. The first piston is connected to a he had medium and reduces the note of the trumpet two semitones. The second piston is attached to a short tube and reduces the note a semitone. The third piston is connected to a long tube and reduces the trumpet note three semitones. The Pavilion, is the structure in Bell shape that projects the sound outside.
To play the trumpet, it is very important to develop labial muscles, since it is the vibration of these produced the sound of the trumpet. In addition, must be handled very well diaphragm for control of respiration requiring the instrument. Both parties are essential for strength and precision that the trumpet requires.
Best-known works for trumpet, include concerts by Haydn, in e flat, K. Riisager, concertmaster, and Richard Strauss, in fa. Also Chamber music of Juan Sebastian Bach: Brandenburg Concerto number 2 of Saint-Saens: Septimino, and A. Honegger: Intrata (with Piano).
As the trumpeters, some of the most prominent interpreter of the trumpet in the history around the world are: Dizzy Gillespie (USA, 1917-1993), Timofei Dokshizer (Russia, 1921-2005), Miles Davis (USA, 1926-1991), Maurice André (France, 1933) and Wynton Marsalis (USA, 1961).