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What is Islam?
Islam is a religion originating with the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad from the revelations that God, or Allah, did this. The word Islam comes from the Arabic and can be translated to the Spanish as peace, purity, acceptance and commitment.
This religion proclaims that Dios should be considered above all things, postulates that are quite similar to the of St. Augustine, who like Islamic believers, or also called Muslim, profess that the search for God is wisdom.
Islam begins to develop in the 7th century the Arabian territory, between the Red Sea, the sea of Oman and the Persian Gulf. This huge territory, which occupies almost a quarter of the European continent, blanket to the Islamic culture in a tremendously desert terrain, where the sedentary lifestyle is quite complex.
Muslim civilization, intellectual and material wealth was developed in these desert surroundings. However, prior to this development, there were multiple tribes on the Arabian territory, idolised each one of them to various deities, Angels and Jinn, until a charismatic character managed to unify them, Mahoma.
Muhammad, most known as the Prophet Muhammad, was a person who, influenced by certain currents of Judaism and Christianity, taking into account both the old and the New Testament, proclaiming the oneness of God.
According to this religion of Islam, the man is the greatest creation of God and has the freedom to decide at will to follow or not the path that God has shown them, however, the life of the Prophet Muhammad presents them as the exemplary life that will lead them to salvation.
Muslim life is governed by mandates written in 2 texts, the Qur'an and the Sunna. In the Quran is the word of God revealed through Mahoma, and the Sunna is the compilation of the Hadith, i.e., sayings, facts and gestures made by the Prophet that constitute as legal and political solutions which were not referred to in the Quran. Thus, the Quran and the Sunna, together, constitute the bases of the Islamic religion and the law.