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What is the Zarzuela?
Zarzuela is an art form that combines music and theatre. He was born in Spain and is there where it develops mainly. In their presentations combining dialogues, songs, dances and choirs which is alternate to create a wonderful artistic expression.
The zarzuela was born in the 17TH century in the Palacio de la Zarzuela (its name comes from that the Brambles abounded in the place). At that time reigned Felipe IV, who was a great admirer of theatre and musical performances. In her spare time, I observed works of locals who combined the song with spoken passages. The first zarzuelas were garden of Falerina (1648), fiera, Ray and stone (1652), fortunes of Andromeda and Perseus (1653), the Gulf of the sirens and the laurel of Apollo. All of the above, works of Pedro Calderón de la Barca. Although towards the end of the 17TH century the operetta enjoyed great popularity, in the 18th century expands Italian music, which moves almost in full. In the 19th century, and in the attempt to make versions in Spanish of the Italian operas zarzuela again finds a way to emerge. They are many artists who begin to expand them by all Spain and many works obtained wide popularity. The zarzuela followed live until the second half of the 20th century, when they begin to dominate the magazine, cinema and television. Currently, this artistic expression is succeeding again, get a great interest, especially in young audiences.
The zarzuelas are spectacular works that allow the Viewer to enjoy several themes, like love (very frequent theme), politics, society, and others. Works without central motifs, but with a great show are sometimes presented. The artists represent a number of different and entertaining characters. You can see them in the middle of a spoken dialogue, singing or dancing to the rhythm of different types of music that the Orchestra provides. All of the above makes the zarzuela a show full of surprises and entertainment, incredible.
In the zarzuelas emerged much great artists with beautiful voices, what did that recordings that allowed the zarzuela to survive in bad times conducted. We began in 1950 and many were a great success. They highlighted singers such as Teresa Berganza, Ana María Iriarte, Carlos Murguía, Monserrat Cabelle, Alfredo Kaus and Placido Domingo, among others. They also stressed the choirs of Orfeón Donostiarra and singers of Madrid, who contributed with their quality.
In the history of the zarzuela include works such as water, azucarillos and brandy, El barberillo de Lavapiés, the batting, Bohemians, white vest, the chulapona, the duo of African and Luisa Fernanda, Doña Francisquita, the gran via, Don Manolito, of del manojo de rosas, La Revoltosa, the Holy of the Isidra, the feast of San Antón and La verbena de la Paloma, among others.
As for the authors of the zarzuela, include among many: Emilio Arrieta, Francisco Alonso, Francisco Asenjo Barbieri, Tomás Bretón, Ruperto Chapí, Federico Chueca, Manuel Fernández Caballero, Joaquín Gaztambide, Jacinto Guerrero, Jerónimo Giménez, Rafael Hernando, José Inzenga, Miguel Marqués, Pablo Luna, Cristóbal Oudrid, Federico Moreno Torroba, José Serrano, Pablo Sorozábal, Joaquín Valverde and beloved live.