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Gifted children: how to identify them > Health and Wellness.

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Some parents realize that their children are certain attitudes or perform certain actions much older children. They are children before learning to talk and walk, that are very well expressed for his young age, showing a keen interest in the environment and curious about new things, that have a motor fine well developed and earlier than usual... But not all talented or precocious children are gifted, you will learn what are the characteristics that define a gifted child, and what to do if you discover that your little brainpower is above average.

When is a child gifted?

According to the World Health Organization (who) gifted is a person with an IQ above 130, although today Spanish legislation requires three conditions so that a child is qualified as such: an IQ equal to or greater than 130, high-performing and great creativity. If any of these factors does not appear, you can not speak of giftedness.
According to the Superior Council of experts on high capabilities of the Universidad Francisco de Vitoria, to achieve optimum productivity combining creativity with emotions such as empathy, affection, intelligence and motivation is essential.
IQ never decreases and increases medium or a point annually until reaching age 18 or 20 years of age. Ideally, according to all the experts, is that the gifted child grows in a proper family and school environment that allows you to develop that potential.
The great unknown is the role of the genetic factor in the intellectual giftedness. Ricardo Sanmartín, President of ASENID (Spanish Association of gifted children, www.asenid.com) and psychologist specialist, points out that "have been cases of several gifted brothers, the same way that in the same family have been found a gifted and a deficient. There are many theories about it trying to discern if the intelligence is acquired or is environmental. I believe that the intelligence was born and is made".
In our country there are about 300,000 gifted students, although the majority (up to 98%) are not diagnosed, according to the report early, gifted and gifted students, conducted by the center of research and educational documentation of the Ministry of education and culture.
If you want to know if your child has this capability, you can make our test: could it be my gifted child?

Characteristics of the gifted child

Although gifted children are early in one or several areas, should not think therefore that all precocious children are gifted. The precocious child is one who has a premature competition with respect to the average population of age, but does not have to be necessarily smarter than the rest.
To know if your child has a gifted, or only shows a precocious talent in an activity of interest to you, it is best that you observe your behavior to detect if you have some of the following characteristics of gifted children:
  • They often learn to read before their peers and greatly enjoy the pleasure of reading.
  • Feel a great curiosity to know, what leads them to consult dictionaries and encyclopedias.
  • They have a wide vocabulary.
  • Early psychomotor development is presented.
  • Great capacity for reasoning, abstraction and concentration.
  • They learn and understand quickly and easily.
  • They have bad handwriting, to boast of it.
  • They have good sense of humor.
  • Imagination and fantasy. Great creativity.
  • Extraordinary sensitivity.
  • Empathy.
  • Self-reliance, perfectionism.
  • Don't like to work in group, proving to be very individualistic.
  • They are effective in their results.
  • They are equipped with a flexible thinking.
  • They tend to be generous and show is very sensitive to injustices.
  • They have safety and persuasive.
  • They are popular with colleagues and friends.
  • They do not withstand impositions not reasoned.
  • They prefer to talk with adults and play with older children.
  • They tend to show a great need for recognition and success.
  • They do not withstand the lack of progress or routines.

Diagnosis of the gifted child

Although it seems a contradiction, if it does not receive adequate stimuli, greater intellectual capacity of the gifted child can become a disadvantage for him at school, because he is bored, gets frustrated, and can remain absent, and not attend the explanations of the teacher, or also rebelling and refusing to abide by the rules.
Ricardo Sanmartín, President of ASENID, advised to go to an association if there have been some of the symptoms that point to a possible intellectual giftedness, but clarifies that "the first thing we asked parents is if teachers have seen something, because the criterion of a professor is an objective criterion and we do trust us more than one comment from a teacher that the appreciation of parents".
Sanmartin advises "do the psychopedagogical evaluation, consisting of nine tests. Ideally before age five". It delivers a report to parents with the results. "In the case that demonstrated the giftedness of the student, is informed parents of steps for official accreditation by the corresponding educational administration", added the Chairman of ASENID.
All the experts agree on the need for a diagnosis, for what is required the collaboration of the family and the school (teachers and guidance team), as well as power go to other specialists, or the various associations that exist in Spain.
Although they are children who learn easily, if the teaching plan is not appropriate there is a high probability of school failure or, at least, of a low academic performance. Half of the gifted suffer school failure. In addition, they also tend to appear problems of sociability, the absence of social models that identify themselves. Hence the need for a diagnosis, to determine how much before if a child is gifted and establish a plan of action.

How to help and educate a gifted child

According to the Superior Council of experts on gifted, gifted children, besides being faster to others, to act otherwise, since they think, feel, learn, and see situations and conflict from a different perspective, which leads them to deal with them and resolve them in a different way. It is necessary, therefore, to enjoy services and educational programs, in order that its high capacity is effectively and efficiently for themselves and for the rest of the society.
Thus, if the child reaches gifted rating (although the organic law of education of 2006 uses the term of "gifted student"), may play host to the program that collects the current law, which consists of:
  • Acceleration: i.e., skip a course.
  • Curriculum adaptation: which is based on maintaining the child in his group, but providing more complex contents, always within your level and never advancing knowledge to be addressed in higher grades.
Currently, granted few accelerations and tends to curriculum adaptation.

Tips for parents of gifted children

Once the academic subject, parents should not forget that, despite their superior intelligence, your child is still a child, and in the family have to provide everything you need so that you can develop to its full capabilities, while continuing to enjoy their childhood. Experts recommend that:
  • Be allowed to grow and develop emotionally and socially as any other child of his age.
  • It is preferable to not label him as genius or different, to avoid that sits as a rare species.
  • Comparisons should not be with other siblings or friends of different intellectual condition.
  • It is convenient that it related to children of the same age.
  • Parents should work with tasks assigned especially for him by the school.
  • It is advisable to provide resources and materials to meet your talents and concerns, but without subjecting him to any kind of burden.
  • It is very positive to encourage their participation in the areas of interest that demonstration, stimulating him to satisfy his curiosity.
  • Enjoy cultural activities family, talk about current events, or share moments of reading, helps meet your eagerness to learn of a way to emotionally very enriching.
As says the psychologist Ricardo Sanmartín, "the ideal is sure a gifted child in a family and school environment that enhances, not to mention give you many kisses and treat him as a child".
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