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What is Hematofobia | Psychology Concepts.

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Hematofobia also referred to as hemafobia or hemofobia, is a psychological disorder characterized by exaggerated or irrational fear of seeing blood. This aversion felt by hematofóbicos is due to the fact when they saw the blood, think of their vulnerabilities to injuries and the possibility of death, so much dread. Furthermore, the fact that there is bleeding indicates that something is wrong with the body and this causes a series of sensations of panic and anxiety hematofóbicos us, that not even can see photographs and films containing blood.
Many experts believe that the hematofobia is associated with a traumatic event that happened at some point in your life where you had a negative experience with the blood, as those who have suffered an injury or who have had diseases that caused massive blood loss (hemorrhage). However, it is also believed that the hematofobia can be triggered due to genetic factors.
The symptoms of hematofobia vary from individual to individual. Some people faint at the sight of blood, others are shaky, weak, sick, dizzy, the pressure drops, have headache, chills, shortness of breath, dry mouth and excessive sweating. Many still fear to develop all kinds of sharp and pointed objects, such as knives and needles, as are associated with bleeding.
This condition needs to be treated, because it compromises the quality of life of the patient. Many fail to do medical tests (biochemical and Hematological) by fear of the needle, refusing to do surgeries when they are necessary, refuse to go to the dentist and cease to do normal activities and without risk, such as cycling and running, scared of getting hurt and being exposed to blood (extreme cases). Furthermore, the fact that people consider the hematofóbicos as "fresh" makes them increasingly isolate people and can perfectly develop social phobia.
The treatment of hematofobia is based on psychological therapies, which revolve around the gradual desensitization of the patient to the blood, as well as teaching them self-help techniques to better cope with the disease. These techniques include relaxation, breath control and other effective methods of treatment. The specialized physician can still indicate some medications such as sleeping pills (tranquilizers), to relieve symptoms of hematofobia. These medicines work in specific areas of the brain that control anxiety and alertness, relaxing muscles.

Bibliographical References:

http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hematofobia
http://www.brasilmedicina.com.br/noticias/_check_printnot.asp?Cod=85&Area=3
http://www.psicosite.com.br/tra/ans/fobias.htm
http://www.orgone.com.br/a_fobias.html
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