Married and divorced from Prince Charles, his popularity and his premature death put into question the British monarchy.
The Princess of Wales, better known under the name of lady Di, was born at Park House, Sandringham (Norfolk), on 1 July 1961 and died in hospital the Petie Salpetriere of Paris the night of the 30 of August 31, 1997. It reached worldwide popularity by her marriage with Charles, heir to the British Crown, her subsequent divorce and, even more, by his untimely death.
Youngest daughter of John Spencer, 8th Earl of Althorp, and French Ruth Roche, Diana Spencer grew up in a family of the minor nobility with his two sisters, Sarah and Jane, and his younger brother, Carlos. He spent the first years of his life in the family residence of Sandringham, where he received his early education from the hands of governesses. In 1968, after the Spencer marriage divorce, Diana was in parental custody, and that same year joined the school of King´s Lynn. In 1970 he moved to the female boarding school of Riddlesworth Hall and in 1973 joined West Heath, another hospitalized in the County of Kent. Between 1977 and 1978 he studied in Switzerland and finally settled in London, where he worked for several companies until in November 1977 he met Carlos, heir to the British Throne, who began dating two years later.
On February 24, 1981 the Buckingham Palace spokesman announced the official commitment of lady Diana Spencer and Prince of Wales, and from now on, Diana moved his home to Clarence House, residence of the Queen Mother. The wedding of the couple, which was held on July 29, 1981 in Sant Paul's London Cathedral and was officiated by the Archbishop of Canterbury, became a social event of international broadcast on TV more than seven hundred million viewers. It convened in London more than one million people and not missed the ceremony more than 70 Heads of State and key members of the European aristocracy.
The painter Nelson Shanks portraying Diana
On June 21, 1982 lady Diana gave birth to her eldest son, Prince William, at the hospital of Saint Mary of Paddington. That same year, the Princess made his first official trip solo, to attend the funeral of Grace Kelly, Princess of Monaco. In April of the following year, Diana accompanied Carlos to Australia and New Zealand, in the first official trip of the couple. The second son of the Prince of Wales, Henry, was born on September 15, 1984.
Although Diana tried to lead a family life dedicated to the care of their children, on their agenda was imposed limitation of more than five hundred official commitments that marriage was obliged to attend annually. Until 1985, the couple showed no disagreements in public, but since 1986 the British tabloid press began to publish rumors of marital crisis. While the family tried to offer an image of unity, the truth is that increasingly became more frequent Diana travel solo and in May 1992, after returning from the India and Egypt, jumped to the public the first rumors of separation. The publication of a book by Andrew Morton about Diana, in which the author was reaffirmed in the thesis of the failed marriage and the confirmation that Charles maintained a relationship with his old friend, Camila Parker Bowles, became news speculation in recent months. In early December the Princes of Wales split, announced a relationship of Diana with James Gilbey and broke out a real war of mutual accusations between the defenders of the Princess and the British Royal House. Some sources revealed that both Charles and Diana Gales recruited national newspapers to publish their own versions on the trigger for the split. The marriage was broken permanently in March 1994 and on February 29, 1996 Diana agreed to divorce Charles.
In the following years, Diana lent his public image to different humanitarian agencies and appeared at many events in favour of the more marginalized sectors of society. Meanwhile, the tabloid press continued exploiting every imaginable facet of the character of lady Di. Own Diana came to recognize his adultery and the list, real or invented, lovers of the Princess was growing: Gilbey joined the names of Barry Mannakke, Philip Dunne, Oliver Hoare and James Hewitt. The last man who was linked to Diana Spencer was the millionaire of Egyptian origin Dodi Al Fayed. Both were killed in a spectacular car crash, when they tried to avoid the paparazzi and drove at high speed inside the Alma tunnel in Paris. Lady Di was buried in his hometown.
The popularity of lady Di
The death of Diana Spencer extolled the social "dianamania" phenomenon and the British Royal House, which initially showed no little reluctance, agreed to the popular claim and held a magnificent funeral in Westminster, which was broadcast live on television in his honor and attended by close to two million people.
The life of Diana Spencer, both during marriage and after their separation, was continuous object of the attention of millions of followers and recurrent theme of the call "pink press". All his appearances in public received special treatment by the media and even her hairstyle and mode of dress were imitated endlessly. According to Majesty magazine, Diana generated about fifteen millions of pounds in advertising to the manufacturers of the items used. Their popularity surpassed much of her husband, it was always considered an exemplary mother and after his death, there were proposals for canonization that were ultimately dismissed.
Chronology of Diana of Wales
|1961||Born in a family of the minor British nobility.|
|1968||Her parents got divorced. Diana is under the tutelage of his father, the count of Althorp.|
|1977||It is established in London. In the course of a hunting party at Althorp, he meets the Prince Carlos de Inglaterra.|
|1979||After a stay in the summer residence of the Royal family at Balmoral (Scotland), Diana and Charles established a sentimental relation.|
|1981||We celebrate the wedding between Diana and Prince Charles, which brought together all of the royalty and a multitude of European leaders. The link was followed on television by 700 million viewers.|
|1982||His son William was born.|
|1984||Henry, their second son was born.|
|1986||First news in the British yellow press about the disagreements of the Royal couple.|
|1992||The relationship of Carlos is uncovered with Camila Parker Bowles, while Diana is sentimentally attached to James Gilbey.|
|1994||Final rupture of the couple.|
|1996||Diana accepts divorce proposal. The pink press credited with diverse relationships, often unfounded.|
|1996-97||It turns in humanitarian activities and undertakes a campaign against anti-personnel landmines.|
|1997||He died in Paris in an automobile accident near Egyptian millionaire Dodi Al Fayed. The driver tried to fool the paparazzi who were following the vehicle.|
Charles and Diana of Wales
Charles of England
The Crown Prince of the United Kingdom was born in Buckingham Palace (London), November 14, 1948. He is son of Queen Isabel II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. He was baptized by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Geoffrey Fisher, December 15 of the year of his birth with the name of Carlos Felipe Arturo Jorge.
The sudden death of his grandfather, King George, on February 6, 1952, his mother became the new Queen of the British and placed the young Prince in the first in the line of succession to the throne. As heir, he received the title of Duke of Cornwall and other noble emblems of the region of Scotland. Yet he had failed five years when, flanked by his grandmother, the Queen Mother, and her aunt Margaret, Carlos attended the solemn ceremony of Coronation of Isabella II, held in Westminster Abbey on 2 June 1953. In 1958, the Queen appointed him Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester.
He began his training at Hill House London and Berkshire Cheam Scholl and in April 1962 joined Gordonstoun, the prestigious Scottish institution which had also studied his father, the Duke of Edinburgh. After high school, he moved in 1967 to Cambridge University to continue studies in archaeology, anthropology and history at Trinity College. He managed to graduate in 1970. Also learned Welsh at the University College of Aberystwyth, months before the official ceremony of his investiture as Prince of Wales, the Queen presided over the 1 July 1969 at Caernarfon Castle.
Prince took up his seat in the House of Lords on February 11, 1970 and from 1971 to 1976 developed military career in the air force and the British Navy. In the following years, England Carlos diversified public interests in a wide range of activities, among which highlighted its commitment to environmental defense and national heritage and his stated appreciation for architecture, art, and literary manifestations. To the fulfillment of its numerous official commitments, the Prince added patronage or the Presidency of around 200 educational, scientific, artistic or social organizations.
Charles and Diana
They met at a hunting party at Althorp (1977), in which Diana was presented to Carlos. Their relationship began after a stay, in which both returned to found, in the summer residence of the Royal family at Balmoral, Scotland (1979). Twelve years older than her, Carlos announced their commitment (February 1981) after a discreet courtship, and got married in St. Paul's Cathedral, London (July 1981).
The couple had two sons: William (1982) and Henry (1984); shortly after the birth of the latter began to be rumors that the couple was suffering now work out marital disagreements. Such rumors took body in 1987, the anniversary of the couple which passed separately. After a string of crises, with the exception of the 1991 summer holidays, Prime Minister John Major announced in the House of Commons the separation of the Princes, by opening a constitutional crisis of succession to the throne.
After a real war in the media, the confrontation of Charles and Diana came to their maximum virulence with recognition in a part of the first television program of committing adultery (June 1994) and the replica of Diana with the book Princess in love, Anna Pasternak, who acknowledged having relations with a teacher of riding for five years end ratified by Diana later in a television interview granted to the BBC (November 1995).
The divorce was made public on 12 July 1996, to be the ruling a month and a half later. Free of any formal charge Diana devoted himself to humanitarian activities, especially taking part in a campaign against mines anti-personnel (Angola, January 1997). This brought him more problems with the English Royal House, which received accusations of meddling in Affairs of State. In August 1997, Diana gave to know his love affair with billionaire Dodi Fayed.
Magazine and flowers against the Consulate of NY britancio
Diana died on August 31, 1997 in a traffic accident in Paris that also killed her partner, the Egyptian Tycoon Dodi Al Fayed, which occurred when the couple was pursued by photographers. The immediate popular commotion joined the grief expressed by the main international personalities and gave Diana a special aura, which turned it into a character almost revered by much of the British population and even global. This was joined by his own personality and their regular participation in public campaigns in defense of various causes, the most famous of which was the promoted in favour of the prohibition of mines anti-personnel landmines. On the other hand, the death of Diana of Gales ended up deepening in the crisis of the British monarchy, represented by the reigning House of Windsor especially in regard to the degree of acceptance of this attitude by their subjects.