(Do Toledo, 1501?-nice, 1536) Spanish Renaissance poet. Belonging to a noble Castilian family, Garcilaso de la Vega already participated at a young age in the political intrigues of Castilla. In 1510 he entered the Court of the Emperor Carlos I and took part in many military and political battles. He participated in the expedition to Rhodes (1522) along with Boscan and in 1523 he was appointed Knight of Santiago.
In 1530 Garcilaso travelled with Carlos I to Bologna, where this was crowned. He remained there a year, until, due to a personal matter kept secret, he was banished to the island of Schut, on the Danube, and then to Naples, where he lived from then on. Mortally wounded in combat, during the assault on the fortress of very, in Provence, Garcilaso was moved to Nice, where he died.
His little work preserved, written between 1526 and 1535, was published posthumously with Boscan, in Barcelona, under the title of the works of Boscán with some of Garcilaso de la Vega (1543), book that opened the literary Renaissance in Hispanic letters. However, it is likely that had previously written poetry of traditional court, and that he was already a well-known poet.
Garcilaso quickly joined in the proposal of his friend Juan Boscán adapt the Italian leading to the Castilian metric, task carried out with better results, since it adopted a Spanish more suited to the Italian accent and the expression of the new content poetic, neoplatonic tone, typical of the Renaissance Italian poetry.
Many of his compositions reflect the passion of Garcilaso by Portuguese Lady Isabel Freyre, the poet met whom at the Court in 1526 and whose death in 1533, affected him deeply. 40 sonnets and the 3 eclogues wrote move within the dilemma between passion and reason that characterizes the petrarquista poetry and in them the author uses, as the same Petrarca, the natural landscape as a correlative of their feelings, while images that is served and the type of vocabulary used leave to betray the influence of Ausiàs March. He also wrote five songs, two Elegies, an elegy to Boscan and three Latino odas, inspired by the poetry horaciana and virgiliana.