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(Jump, 1878 - Buenos Aires, 1937) Uruguayan Narrator based in Argentina, considered one of the greatest Latin American storytellers of all time. His work sits between the decline of modernism and the emergence of the avant-garde.
The tragedy marked the writer's life: his father died in a hunting accident, and his stepfather and later his first wife committed suicide; In addition, Quiroga killed accidentally shot his friend Federico Ferrando.
He studied in Montevideo and soon began to be interested in literature. Inspired by his first girlfriend wrote a love station (1898), founded in his hometown of Revista de Salto (1899), went to Europe and summed up his memories of this experience in Journal of trip to Paris (1900). On his return he founded the consistory del Gay Saber, which, despite its short existence, presided over the literary life of Montevideo and the controversies with the Group of Julio Herrera y Reissig.
Already installed in Buenos Aires published coral reefs, poems, stories and lyric prose (1901), followed by the stories of the other crime (1904), novel brief the persecuted (1905), a journey with Leopoldo Lugones product by the jungle up to the border with Brazil, and the more extensive a turbid love story (1908). In 1909 he settled precisely in the province of Misiones, where he served as justice of the peace in San Ignacio, famous for the ruins of the Jesuit, at the same time he cultivated mate and oranges.
Again in Buenos Aires, he worked at the Consulate of Uruguay and gave the press stories of love, madness and death (1917), stories for children the jungle tales (1918), savage (1920), theatrical the culled (1920), Anaconda (1921), the desert (1924), the Rio Grande cutthroat hen and other stories (1925) the work and perhaps his best book of stories , The outcasts (1926). He collaborated in various media: Caras y Caretas, Fray Mocho, La weekly novel and La Nation, among others.
In 1927 he married remarried a young friend of his daughter Egle, with whom he had a child. Two years later he published the novel last love, without much success. Feeling the rejection of the new literary generation, he returned to missions to spend floriculture. In 1935 he published his last book of stories, beyond. Hospitalized in Buenos Aires, was discovered a gastric cancer, disease that seems to have been the cause that drove him to suicide, since he ended his days drinking cyanide.
Quiroga summed up his craft techniques in the Decalogue of the perfect short-story writer, establishing guidelines concerning the structure, narrative tension, the consummation of history and the impact of the end. He also ventured into the fantastic story. Posthumous publications include unpublished H. Quiroga's letters (1959, two volumes) and unknown and unpublished works (eight volumes, 1967-1969).
Influenced by Edgar Allan Poe, Rudyard Kipling and Guy de Maupassant, Horacio Quiroga distilled a notorious precision of style, which allowed him to skillfully narrating violence and horror that lie behind the apparent gentleness of nature. Many of his stories have stage the jungle of Misiones, in the North of Argentina, place where Quiroga lived long years and from which extracted situations and characters for her narratives. His characters tend to be scapegoats of hostility and the excessiveness of a barbarous and irrational world manifested in floods, torrential rains and the presence of wild beasts.
Quiroga skilfully managed the internal laws of the narration and is devoted himself vigorously to the search for a language that could potentially convey with truthfulness what wanted to narrate; This away it gradually from the budgets of the modernist school, to which it had acceded initially. Outside his stories set in space jungle missionary, addressed the stories of parapsicologica or paranormal, themed in the style of what we know today as literature in advance.