Biography of Jesus or Jesus Christ | Founder of the Christian religion.

(Jesus or Christ; Bethlehem, h. 6 a. C. - Jerusalem, h. 30 d. C.) Founder of the Christian religion Jewish preacher, whom his followers considered the son of God. Christ 's name in Greek means "the anointed one" and is a title equivalent to the Messiah.
The life of Jesus is told in the Gospels written by some of the early Christians. Established in Nazareth, his parents, Jose and Maria, were accidentally in Bethlehem to register for a census of population when Jesus was born. The Gospel story surrounding the birth of Jesus in a series of miracles that are part of the Christian faith, as the genealogy which makes it descend from King David, the virginity of Mary, Annunciation of the event by an angel and the worship of the newborn by the shepherds and a few astronomers of the East.

The baptism of Jesus (1655), Murillo
Although Christian civilization set the count of years from the so-called moment of his birth (which would give beginning the first year of our era), it is known actually born a little before, because it was in the time of King Herod, who died in 4 BC. It was precisely the persecutions of Herod which led to the humble family, after the circumcision of Jesus, to take temporary refuge in Egypt until the death of the monarch allowed to return. Moreover, the childhood of Jesus Christ took place normally in Nazareth, where his father worked as a Carpenter.
Towards their thirties started Jesucristo his brief public activity incorporated into the preaching of his cousin John the Baptist. After listening to his sermons, Jesus was baptized in the Jordan River, moment in which John noted it as incarnation of the Messiah promised by God to Abraham. John, who had censored the scandalous second marriage of Herodias with Herod Antipas, son and successor of King Herod, was soon arrested and later beheaded at instigation of Herodias and her daughter Salome.
After baptism and a retreat of forty days in the desert, Jesucristo began his preaching. Turned mainly to the popular masses, which recruited a group of faithful followers (the twelve apostles), which toured Palestine. He preached a revision of the Jewish religion based on love of the neighbor, the detachment from material goods, forgiveness and the hope of eternal life; the so-called Sermon on the mount, with its admirable Beatitudes, is the best synthesis of his message.

The Sermon on the mount (1877), Carl Bloch
His teaching simple and poetic, peppered with parables and announcing a future of salvation for the humble, found some echo among the poor. His popularity was increased when they ran news of the miracles that attributed his followers, considered as proof of the supernatural powers of Jesus Christ. This popularity, coupled with their direct charges against the moral hypocrisy of the Pharisees, ended up concerned priests and Jewish authorities.
Jesus was denounced before the Roman Governor, Pontius Pilate, by having publicly proclaimed Messiah and King of the Jews; If the first thing was true, and reflected a new faith conflict with traditional religious structures of Judaism, the latter ignored the fact that the proclamation of Jesus as King was metaphorical: it referred only to the "Kingdom of God" and not put in question the established political powers.
Aware that his end approached, a few days before Easter he went to Jerusalem, where his input was hailed by the crowd, and drove out the merchants of the temple. Jesus held a last supper to bid farewell to his disciples; then he was arrested while praying on the Mount of olives, apparently due to the treachery of one of them, called Judas, who said to the priests of the Sanhedrin the perfect place to capture him.
Thus began the passion of Christ, which would lead him to death after suffering multiple penalties; with it he gave to his disciples an example of sacrifice in defense of their faith, that they assimilate to exposing himself to martyrdom during the persecution which followed. Jesus was tortured by Pilate, who, however, preferred to leave the fate of the defendant in the hands of the local religious authorities; they decided to condemn him to death by crucifixion. The cross, instrument of usual torture at the time, later became basic symbol of the Christian religion.

Detail of the crucified Christ (c. 1632) by Velázquez
The Gospels tell that Jesus Christ was resurrected three days after his death and appeared several times to his disciples, entrusting to the spreading of the faith; forty days later, according to the Acts of the Apostles, he ascended to the heavens. Judas committed suicide, repentant of his betrayal, while the remaining Apostles spread the Mediterranean world to preach the new religion. One of them, Pedro, was in front of the Church or community of Christian believers, by decision of the own Jesus Christ. Soon, they would be included to new converts preaching, which included Pablo de Tarso, which promoted the spread of Christianity beyond the borders of the Jewish people.
The work of Paul became Christianity ceased to be a Schismatic Jewish sect and was transformed into a universal religion, which expanded to the borders of the Roman Empire in the 4th century in the official confession by work of the Emperor Constantine. From the 15th century, the age of European discovery, it spread by the rest of the world, being nowadays the most widespread religion of mankind, even though it is divided into several churches such as the Roman Catholic, Greek Orthodox, and various Protestant.
Extracted from the website: Biografías y Vidas
Biographies of historical figures and personalities

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