(Santiago de Compostela, Spain, 1837-Padron, id., 1885) Spanish writer in tongues Spanish and Galician. Belonging to a noble family line, his adolescence was dominated by a deep crisis due to the discovery of his illegitimate daughter of a priest, and a delicate health, which never improved.
Rosalía de Castro
Rosalía de Castro
His first book, flower, was published in Madrid in 1857 and received enthusiastic reviews of Manuel Martínez Murguía, prominent critic of Galician Renaissance, with whom Rosalía de Castro got married the following year. He lived in the midst of constant economic hardship, dedicated to their home and their children; the death of his mother and one of his sons were two hard hits for her.
This bitter experience referred to his first mature work, the book of poems to my mother (1863), which followed the Cantares gallegos (1863), singing his Galicia rural, full of yearning and complaint with the exploitation of the reapers by Castilla. With Galician songs, written entirely in Galician language, poetic rebirth began in that language.
He then returned to the novel with ruins (1866), story of three women unhappy and exemplary in the bosom of a modern environment perceived as alien. A year later published his narrative work achieved, Knight of the blue boots (1867), mysterious and fantastic novel which connects to the best of his lyrical work.
In 1880 appeared his second book in Galician, the you Follas novas, distraught and intimate expression on death and the loneliness of the human being. Close his literary novel first loco (1881) and the collection of poems in Spanish on the banks of the Sar (1885); the latter continues the line of metaphysical meditation began with you Follas novas, while emphasizing this time religious sentiment.
The work of Rosalia, who moves between a concern for social by the harsh conditions of fishermen and the Galician peasants and other metaphysical character that situates it within the existential literature, is has equated to Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer as late representative of Spanish romanticism, although this relationship comes more for the community of literary sources that a real affinity of literary and critical attitude.
His poetry, in particular, denotes anxiety, a concern distraught before strange premonitions that are perceived as their own in the nearest surroundings. In addition, its painful sensitivity projected a set of magnificent visions of Galician landscape in which a grey atmosphere of indefinable sadness prevails. That sensitivity was which transported a conception of nature as a vibrant, mysterious reality, and whose most visible signs speak of a life of suffering.