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Biography of Julio Verne | French writer, considered the founder of modern science fiction literature.

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(Jules Verne; Nantes, 1828 - Amiens, 1905) French writer, considered the founder of modern science fiction literature. The appearance of some inventions generated by the technological advances of the twentieth century, such as television, helicopters, submarines and spaceships predicted with great accuracy in their fantastic stories.

Jules Verne
Biography
Julio Verne's life is seemingly a succession of smart choices: he studied law following the family tradition, he married a wealthy widow, he attained a position accommodated and only when its runaway success was it allowed dedicated himself exclusively to literature. This middle-class accommodation, however, was not a docile nature spontaneous fruit. At age eleven, in love with a cousin of his, he embarked on a ship heading to the Indies with the romantic idea of bringing you a necklace of coral. The adventure was aborted at the last second by his father, who delivered a beating; This and subsequent disdain of the premium apparently fueled the misogyny of Verne and a secret rebellion that, unable to manifest itself in the welfare society, it would find a channel of expression in the sprawling fantasy of its literature.
But although you can consider Verne a castaway in the monotony of a society prevented against the products of the imagination and distrustful toward genius, not less true is that, perhaps to evade such suspicions, his isolation and his literary dreams were always reasonable. After their first adventure playground, discovered and stifled, Verne learned the lesson and did not return to rebel except in his books, but in a cryptic and elusive manner. As if he feared to say too much and aterrorizara him the explicitly unlikely, unorthodox and provocative, the author rushed to exorcise it through demonstrations intended to confine the rarity to the limits of human reason. Thus, the visionary was cornered in benefit of reasonably possible considering the pace of technical advancements of the time. And faith in progress is twinned in their heroes with the courage, intelligence and goodness, always triumphant over ignorance and parochialism.
Such polarity defined stage of his life prior to his literary consecration, which alternated literature with the forced discharge of their duties. At age eight he joined with his brother Paul at the seminary Saint-Donatien. Later he studied philosophy and rhetoric at the Lycée de Nantes and travelled to Paris to follow the career of law, complying with it the wishes of his father, the lawyer Pierre Verne. In 1848 he began writing some sonnets, texts by Theatre, and two years later adopted his doctoral thesis in law and chose the career of letters.

Jules Verne (1892)
His literary beginnings were difficult; pieces of theater did not have a significant disclosure, and he turned to teaching to survive. From 1852 until 1854 he worked as Secretary of e. Seveste at Théâtre Lyrique, and published some stories in Le Musée des familles, as Martín Paz (1852). In 1857 he became stockbroker and began traveling; He visited England, Scotland, Norway and Scandinavia, and continued his writings. In 1859 a married that does not fit to judge but as a convenience; Verne maintained its misogyny further than the same, just that the relationship with his father (opposed to their literary whims) was and would always remain troubled: achieved economic independence, never again to set foot in the parental home.
Success
He later met the Publisher Hetzel, who was interested in their texts and published it five weeks in a balloon (1863), which released it to success and encouraged it to continue with the theme of the novel of adventure and fantasy. The same Publisher commissioned him a regular collaboration for the magazine Magazine d' éducation et de recreation, and soon reached a great celebrity. Taking advantage of their geographic knowledge, acquired through numerous travels in Europe, Africa and North America, and his enthusiasm for the technological and industrial revolution, Verne became a specialist of the tales of travel and adventure of scientific Court. His mastery of dramatic tension allowed him to combine outlandish situations and poetic moments in a light, entertaining prose.
He immediately fought the drafting of journey to the center of the Earth (1864), for which applied to geology, mineralogy and Paleontology. Detailed descriptions of antediluvian animals astonished experts, highlighting their extraordinary scientific intuition. His third great book was From the Earth to the Moon (1865), whose publication aroused such enthusiasm for space travel that his office was flooded with letters requesting reservations for the next lunar trip. The novel only dealt with preparations for the trip, and your extraordinary welcome induced the author to complete the story with its second part, Around the Moon (1870), which recounts the journey itself.
These initial works soon followed many memorable books. The adventures of Captain Hatteras (1866) tells the hapless expedition of this tenacious and singular character to the North Pole, during which located the captain Altmont, survivor of an American expedition with the same goal. The children of captain Grant (1868) embark on a lengthy journey that leads them to Australia in search of his father, whose whereabouts only know partially by a message his found in a bottle.

Illustration of twenty thousand leagues under the sea (1870)
Twenty thousand leagues under the sea (1870), between his very extensive production, one of the books that retains its charm more full. The incident began when an American frigate part in search of a sea monster of extraordinary proportions which are attributed multiple wrecks. The monster appears, plunges on the expedition ship and take it down, taking in its backbone to the naturalist Aronnax, his faithful servant Conseil and the harpooner Ned Land. The monster turns out to be a huge submarine, the Nautilus, in which the three men will spend about ten months hosted by the enigmatic Captain Nemo, architect of the invention. They will visit the sunken treasures of Atlantis, fight cannibals and giant octopuses and attend a funeral in a wonderful coral cemetery.
Nemo, hostile and angry, will soon reveal himself as an outlaw, a solitary insurrectionist whose cloak of mystery hides a princely identity and a dark grief. It has pointed out that Nemo is a transcript of the own Verne. Both live trapped, alone and misunderstood, the first in its shell of steel, the second in the bubble of his Cabinet, both refugees after the concealment and secrecy. In the same way that Verne left stunned and sundry arising in a municipal election in Amiens by a list of the extreme left, Captain Nemo, to struggle for the liberation of oppressed peoples, he loathes the conventional and adocenada community that pursues him and flying twice the black banner of nihilism.
The mysterious island (1874), another of his most important novels, represents the end of the trilogy which forms along with the children of captain Grant and twenty thousand leagues under the sea to resume and relate the fate of two of his characters: Ayrton and Captain Nemo. Financial assets of the Robinson Crusoe Defoe, features the engineer Cyrus Smith, whose technical and practical knowledge to allow the survival of the Group of characters who accidentally arrives at the island.
Beyond science fiction
With the same interest were received adventure novels with a smaller load of science and fantasy, like around the world in eighty days (1873). The protagonist of the story is Phileas Fogg, an unflappable British Aristocrat who bet with his fellow club that is capable of going around the world in eighty days; the amount of the bet amounts to twenty thousand pounds, half of his fortune. In the company of his servant Passepartout, newly incorporated into the work, the fabulous trip holds all sorts of adventures throughout the world and a multitude of obstacles to face. Among them included the Mr. Fix, a jealous police inspector who wants to imprison him for believing him guilty of a monumental theft from a bank.
The heroic and the comic alternated in the book: are comic adventures with the police following him and his servant Passepartout figure; heroic adventures and feats to overcome the difficulties which stand in their ultimate purpose. Paradoxically, this prodigious race around the Earth, victorious conquest of space and time, is carried out by the more phlegmatic and rhythmic English gentleman who can imagine. Published serials, the success of the novel was such that came across bets on if Phileas Fogg, "less-hurried man of the world", would reach the goal so quickly.
Also deviate from the scientific advance other works of great success as Michael Strogoff (1876) or a captain of fifteen (1878). The title of Michael Strogoff is the name of its protagonist, a captain of the Czar post: Strogoff receives the custom carry an important message to the distant city of Irkutsk, whose garrison is threatened by a revolt of Tatar hordes soliviantadas by such a Iván Ogareff, former officer of the Tsar, who wants to thus take revenge on the degradation that has suffered. Dominates all the adventure the figure of the imperial mail, personification of the most reckless value and absolute devotion. The story is told with great skill and a singular sensationalism that, up to the happy conclusion, retains all the interest, fanned by the suggestion of the environment almost barbaric.
A captain of fifteen years (1878) starts in a New Zealand port: the Lady Weldon embarks with his son Jack on a sailboat that will take her to San Francisco, where her husband, outfitter awaits you. During the voyage, the captain and the entire crew it perish in the attempt to hunt a whale, and the young Dick Sand, fifteen years of age, he took charge of the ship with the help of a few blacks who had been saved from a shipwreck. Despite the infernal machinations of the Cook on board, Negoro, making to anchor the boat in a wild country with the intention to sell as slaves to the crew and passengers, the captain of fifteen years purposely get lead to their homeland to the Lady Weldon and his son.
Extremely prolific author since it was installed professionally in writing, is inevitable to stop review featured books his own, as the tribulations of a Chinese in China (1879), the lighthouse at the end of the world (1881), two years of vacation (1888) and the voyages of Captain Cook (1896), among many others. their novelistic production exceeds the fifty titles. Julio Verne settled in Amiens in 1872, and from 1886 committed himself to the municipal activities in that city. Along with a number of enthusiastic approvals, the extraordinary fame sought fierce detractors; in 1886 a young irresponsible shot it outside the door of his house a kick that left him lame. Three years later he was appointed representative of the municipal Council, and in 1892 he was awarded the Legion of Honor.
Many texts of Verne, already popularized rapidly in the life of the author, would be among the great classics of children's literature of the 20th century. In his posthumous work highlights the eternal Adam (1910) or the extraordinary adventure of the Barsac mission (1920), in which one conventional little critic such as Michel Butor has wanted to see a deeper and more skeptical than usual Verne, who tended to distrust of the consequences that could lead to human beings the relentless progress of technology and science.
Extracted from the website: Biografías y Vidas
Biographies of historical figures and personalities

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