Archaeology is the science that deals with the study of ancient societies through their material remains. The analysis of objects and buildings to discover different cultures and ways of life of the peoples of the past.
Archaeologists are therefore in charge of the reconstruction of the lives of ancient peoples based on (hardware) physical manifestations they left behind. Objects provide an overview of aspects of human behavior in the past because experts are able to the place/locate in time and space and analyze them in a context.
Although traditional archaeology focuses on the prehistory and antiquity, in recent decades, the archaeological technique was applied to more recent times as the middle ages and the modern era. On the other hand, means industrial archaeology the study of urban waste.
Archaeological exploration is to explore a territory looking for material remains of society. When these remains are found, there is instead of talking about archaeological site. These sites are often underground because with the passage of time and the progress of the construction, the ruins become obscured with the naked eye.
In conducted explorations, archaeologists begin digging, which is considered a destructive activity because it can be made only once in each geographical area. It must therefore be authorized by Governments and made by specialists.
Another activity that is part of archaeology is laboratory work, which is to analyze the remains obtained.