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Minimalism is an artistic movement that uses only minimal elements and basic by extension, in common parlance, minimalism is associated with everything which has been reduced to the essentials and has nothing excessive or accessory.
Examples: "I wish to implement minimalism in the decoration of my house", "Swedish artist is one of the main references of minimalism in contemporary painting", "I don't like minimalism, I prefer the ornamentation baroque and peppered with details.
The goal of minimalism is therefore to give the meaning from the minimum. This is to simplify the elements used by using plain language, pure colors and simple lines.
It is said that it is the English philosopher Richard Wollheim (1923-2003), who invented the concept of minimalism in reference to the American Ad Reinhardt and the French Marcel Duchamp works.
The experts claim that minimizes, as a current art, appeared in the 1960s from an economy of means, the use of abstraction, structural and functional purism, austerity and synthesis.
Painters and sculptors, such as Reinhardt Donald Judd, Dan Flavin, and Robert Mangold, were the first to devote themselves to minimalism. Later, minimalism is widespread in the field of architecture (De Stijl movement) and music (Brian Eno), among other areas.
Minimalism is reflected also in a philosophy or a way of life which aims to focus on what is important and to reject what is useless as a means to self-fulfilment.