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Ecotourism or ecological tourism is the tourism activity that develops without changing the balance of the environment thus avoiding harming nature. It is a trend whose purpose is to make compatible the union of tourism industry and ecology.
Ecotourism ensures somehow the sense of ethics insofar as, in addition to the pleasure of the traveller, it seeks to promote the well-being of local communities (receiving of tourism) and the preservation of the natural environment. Eco-tourism also aims to encourage sustainable development (i.e., the current growth not endangering not future possibilities).
The principles of ecotourism will want to respect the culture of the host country, to minimize the negative impact cause tourist activity and support human rights. An ecotourist, for example, is not required to buy a product made by children (child labour).
Despite the growth of ecotourism, there is no clear regulation concerning him. Some consider that ecotourism is any tourist activity that is in contact with nature, which is far from being true because most of these excursions cause serious damage on the ecosystem.
Mass tourism is harmful in almost all its essence, because it involves the transport aircraft (which pollute), the use of hotels generally built in natural sites (to the sea, for example) and the generation of a large quantity of waste which are not always addressed properly, among other constraints. It is for this reason that specialists found that the real ecotourism should be minority, but should not be understood that it is impossible to develop a more responsible tourism industry.