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Structured cabling means any system of cables, connectors, conduit and devices to establish a telecommunications infrastructure in a building. The installation and the features of the system must meet certain standards to be part of the condition of structured cabling.
Thus, the attachment of a standard-structured cabling allows this type of system offers flexibility of installation and independence concerning providers and protocols, a high-capacity growth and to be easy to manage.
Installation of structured cabling usually develops with a cable twisted (for networks of IEEE 802.3 type) pair, but you can also use the optical fibre cable or a coaxial cable.
Structured wiring to transport, inside a building or a building, the signals from a transmitter at its corresponding receptor. It is, therefore, a physical network that can combine the UTP cables, terminal blocks and adapters, among other elements.
As it is capable of supporting various telecommunications apparatus, structured wiring may be installed or altered without the need of prior knowledge on the products to use on him.
At the time, should take into account the extent (the extension) of wiring, the segmentation of traffic, the possible occurrence of electromagnetic interference and the possible need to install virtual local networks (LAN).
Among the main elements of the structural cabling system, there is mention the horizontal cable (lying horizontally between floor/floor and ceiling), the cable vertical or backbone (which connects different parts) and telecommunications (with telecommunications equipment) room.