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A syndrome is the set of symptoms that characterize a disease or all of the characteristic phenomena of a given situation.
For medicine, the syndrome is a clinical framework that presents a certain sense. Thanks to its characteristics, which play the role of semiological data, it has a certain identity, with causes and fairly specific etiologies.
As an example, one may mention the Down syndrome, a congenital defect caused by the presence of a special copy of chromosome 21 or a part of it in the body. Persons suffering from this disorder, also called trisomy 21, suffer from mental retardation, have a great tendency to undergo cardiovascular problems and exhibit features factions.
Asperger's disorder, on the other hand, is a generalized disorder of development. People affected by this syndrome are failures at the level of interpersonal intelligence (empathy), reason why they are unable to recognize the emotional States of others.
The withdrawal syndrome is a set of symptoms caused by the reduction or suspension of the usual dose of a substance that the person is dependent on. This syndrome is usual, for example, among drug addicts who stop consuming and who suffer so due to abstinence.
Finally, it was noted the Stockholm syndrome, which is caused when a kidnapped person eventually understand the reasons for her captors and that establishes an emotional connection with them. This disorder is so named due to the unproduced which took place in the Swedish capital in 1973. during the robbery of Kreditbanken Bank offenders took hostage employees for six days. At the time where the kidnappers went, cameras unveiled images showing one of the victims kissing her captor. Consequently, in the tribunal, victims have defended offenders.