Garcilaso of the Vega - el Inca… Elizabeth I of England… Walt Disney… Felipe Calderón Hinojosa… Biographies Multiposts

Biographies of famous and historical figures

Biographies of famous:

  1. Biography of Garcilaso of the Vega del Inca - Inca Garcilaso de la Vega
  2. Biography of Elizabeth I of England
  3. Biography of Walt Disney
  4. Biography of Felipe Calderón Hinojosa

Biography of Garcilaso of the Vega del Inca - Inca Garcilaso de la Vega

(1539/04/12 - 1616-04-23)

Garcilaso de la Vega
Inca Garcilaso de la Vega
Peruvian writer
He was born April 12, 1539 in Cuzco (Peru) in a noble family.
She was present at the first actions of the conquest of the Peru and the civil wars between the conquerors; He summed up that vision of the end of an era and the beginning of another, in a famous phrase: "Trocosenos reign in vassalage "".
Travels to Spain in 1560, which claims the right to his name - among its illustrious ancestors poet Garcilaso de la Vega, Jorge Manrique and the Marquis of Santillana- were, what gets and he proudly adds the name Inca, for which it is known. In 1561 he settles in Montilla, where it has the protection of paternal relatives, and some time later in Córdoba (1589), was linked to the Spanish humanist circles and was devoted to the study and research that would allow writing his Chronicles.
Their links with the world of literature, began with the remarkable (1590) translation of dialogues of love of Leon Hebrew, written in Italian. His first Chronicle, La Florida del Inca (1605), epic in prose, is the conquest of the peninsula of the same name (now part of the United States) by Hernando de Soto. As great maximum work highlight the real comments. The first part (1609) narrates the story, culture and social institutions of the Inca Empire; and the second, which he called General history of Peru (published posthumously in 1617), deals with the conquest of these lands and of the civil wars.
Garcilaso de la Vega died in Cordoba, Spain, on April 23, 1616.
The origin of the Kings Incas of Peru (Fragment)
Living or dying for those people in the way that we have seen, allowed our Lord that themselves leave a Morningstar which those oscurisimas darkness give them any news of natural law and the civility and respect men should have some others, and that the descendants of him, proceeding well in best self-seeding those beasts and turn them into men making them capable of reason and any good doctrine, so when that same God, Sun of righteousness, would rather send his divine rays of light to those idolaters, you find them, not as wild, but more docile to receive the Catholic faith and teaching and doctrines of our Holy Mother Church Roman, and then here they have received it , as it will be the one and the other in the discourse of this story; that experience very clear has noticed how much more quick and agile were to receive the Gospel Indians Incas Kings were subjected, ruled and taught, that no other nations particularly where was not yet the teaching of the Incas, many of which are today so barbaric and crude as before is were, having seventy-one years the Spaniards entered the Peru. And because we are at the door of this great maze, shall be either move forward to give news of what it had.

Biography of Elizabeth I of England

(1533/09/07 - 1603/03/24)

Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland (1558-1603)
He was born 7 September 1533 at Greenwich, London.
Daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. His childhood was spent outside the courtroom until Catherine Parr, sixth wife of his father, attached with it and decided to bring it back to the Court.
When Enrique VIII died, Catherine took care of it and did not take part in the political intrigues that followed the coronation of his brother Eduardo VI. After the latter's death, Isabel became the partisan of her sister Maria, refusing to support the rebellion led by the military and English conspirator, sir Thomas Wyatt.
In 1554 he was imprisoned after being falsely accused of being involved in the conspiracy of Wyatt. She was later released, pretending to profess Catholicism and regained the favour of Maria. When his sister died in 1558, became Queen. Just at that time, England was divided by religious conflict, was economically unstable and was involved in a terrible war with France.
Upon death of his sister, converted to Protestantism, and his first Parliament (1559) had a Protestant majority. Between 1559 and 1563, this Parliament adopted the religious legislation which was to later become the doctrinal basis of the Church of England. By the Act of supremacy (1559), the Anglican England Church was subjected to the authority of the Queen "Supreme Governor of both the temporal and the spiritual realm". In 1563, the 39 articles, defining the basic tenets of the Anglican Church, very close to Catholicism were approved.
During all his reign Catholics and Puritans were persecuted. He ended the war with France, by the Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis (1559), England failed to start its industrial and economic development which increased after the failure of the Spanish Armada . Trade and the domestic industry was regulated and the nation became a great maritime power. In 1560 he entered into force a new monetary system, prices stabilized and restored confidence in the English currency. The Royal Exchange in London was opened in 1566, and the Chamber of Commerce, which later became the East Indies Company, was founded in 1600.
There is no English heirs to the throne, Parliament begged him insistently it to marry, but she claimed their intention to remain unmarried. She was harassed by royalist pretenders, to which she gave his favor only when it interested him politically. However, it granted its affection to a succession of favorites, including Robert Dudley, first Earl of Leicester, sir Walter Raleigh and Robert Devereux, the second Earl of Essex.
Isabel, had to confront her Catholic cousin, Mary Stuart, Queen of Scotland. Maria sought refuge in England after being defeated in battle by his half-brother, James Stuart, Earl of Moray. Isabel imprisoned Mary, because the Catholic Monarchs of Europe and its own subjects Catholics believed that Elizabeth was not entitled to hold the throne and believed that Mary was the legitimate Queen of England. In 1586 Walsingham, who at the time was Secretary of State, discovered an intrigue to assassinate Elizabeth and Enthrone Mary instead, so he agreed to that María Estuardo were beheaded a year later.
Philip II
of Spain, widower of María I Tudor, seen affected for years by attacks by English privateers to their colonial possessions. Due to its deep Catholicism, the death of María Estuardo provided one more reason to continue the war with England, which had begun in 1585 and had openly demonstrated in France, immersed in a civil war, and the revolt of the Netherlands; Philip II sent a fleet to invade the British Isles in 15Nevertheless, the Spanish Armada, name that historiography, acknowledged it suffered a heavy defeat, and England went on to take the place of Spain as a maritime power.
He had also to face a rebellion in Ireland, led by Hugh O'Neill. Robert Devereux, second Earl of Essex and Isabel followers, commanded, without success, an army against the Irish. When he returned to England, he led a rebellion against the Queen and was executed in 1601.
Elizabeth I died 24 March 1603 at Richmond Palace, and was buried in Westminster Abbey, close to his sister Mary I. His successor was James VI of Scotland, son of Mary Stuart, who was proclaimed King with one year of age and ascended to the throne as James I.

Biography of Walt Disney

(05/12/1901 - 1966/12/15)

Walt Disney
Walter Elias Disney
American artist, producer, and film director
He was born on December 5, 1901 in Chicago (United States).
Son of Charles Elias Disney, with Canadian and Irish descent, and Flora Call, German and English descent.
In 1906, when the family moved to a farm in Marceline, Missouri, where his brother elder, Roy, had bought land. There he developed his love for drawing sponsored by a neighbor, the retired doctor "Doc" Sherwood, who paid him to do drawings of his horse, Rupert. His father was paid to the newspaper Appeal to Reason and Walt copying caricatures of Ryan Walker.
When he was 16 years old he left school with the hope of entering the army during the first world war. It was rejected for being underage, but he got a job as a driver of ambulances of the Red Cross in France for a year, although it was after the war had ended.
He spent some periods in academies of art in his hometown and in Kansas City, Missouri.
In 1923, he began to produce cartoons in Hollywood with his brother Roy o. Disney. Between 1926 and 1928 he made a series of drawings, Oswaldo rabbit, for Universal Pictures.
Steamboat Willie (Willie steam, 1928), produced by his own company, meant the appearance of Mickey Mouse his first famous character, as well as the beginning of talkies in cartoons. Mickey Mouse was originally called Mortimer Mouse, but his wife believed that the name sounded too pompous and convinced him to change the name to Mickey. Mortimer was instead called the mouse Mickey's rival in later episodes.
The stroke of luck came on 18 November of that year released the animated short that he himself wrote. It was the debut of the mythical character of Mickey Mouse, who had already abandoned her first name. Disney was the original voice of Mickey from 1928 until 1947.
As it happened to the works of all the great geniuses, he ran the rumor that the beloved mouse didn't Walt pencils, but no one could prove it never. Since then, Mickey has become a symbol, even, according to some North American survey, was the best known character in the world. One of the most undiscovered stories is that the own Walt lent his voice to Mickey in more than one hundred titles.
He then made his series of silly symphonies, which started with the skeleton dance (1929). In the year 1932, introduced color in trees and flowers, in 1934 he created the Donald Duck and in 1937 was the first feature cartoon in history, snow white and the seven dwarfs, followed by Pinocchio (1940), Fantasia (1941) and Bambi (1942).
During the years 50 and 60 Walt Disney Productions happened to be one of the largest film producers, while Disney was trying to maintain the largest possible artistic control. The company addressed the publication of children's literature and comic books most of them Starring Donald Duck and Pluto dog characters.
Anti-Communist declared, Walt Disney was not a great artist (in fact never returned to pick up a pencil from 1929), but a great business man who knew how to create an entire Empire. In 1955, Walt Disney Productions launched a gigantic Park, Disneyland, in Anaheim, California. His reconstructions of historical character and its spectacular attractions became a tourist focus of first order. Following the same line, opened in 1971 Disney World, near Orlando, and then Disneyland, in the vicinity of Paris.
At the same time, they were able to make documentaries such as the living desert (1953) and the secrets of life (1956), and also at the beginning of the fifty adventure films with real actors like the treasure island (1950), Robin Hood (1951), the strange case of Wilby (1959), a wise man in the clouds (1961) and Mary Poppins (1964).
The most prominent animated films of this period were Peter Pan (1953), the delightful Merlin (1963) and more Aladdin (1992), the Lion King (1994), Pocahontas (1995), Toy Story (1996), -The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1996) and a new version of the classic 101 Dalmatians 101 Dalmatians (more alive than ever), titled with the English actress Glenn Close in the role of Cruella de Vil.
They have also produced for television series "Davy Crockett", "Mickey club" and "the wonderful world of Disney".
Walt became the person to receive more Oscars, won 22 Academy Awards and received other honorary four of a total of 59 nominations. Undoubtedly, the moment more special was the delivery of an honorary Oscar by the creation of 'Snow white and the seven dwarfs', accompanied by other seven smaller replica statuette. Disney also won seven Emmy Awards.
Walt Disney died of lung cancer Disney on December 15, 1966 in Burbank, California.
He was married to Lillian Bounds from 1925 until 1966, date of his death. He was father of Diane Marie and Sharon Mae.

Biography of Felipe Calderón Hinojosa

(1962/08/18 - Unknown)

Felipe Calderón Hinojosa
Felipe de Jesús Calderón Hinojosa
Mexican politician
He was born on August 18, 1962 in Morelia, Michoacán.
He attended elementary studies and the Bachelor of Catholic schools in his hometown. Degree in law from the school of law of the city of Mexico. Subsequently conducted two master: one in economics at the Institute of technological autonomous of Mexico, better known as ITAM, and another on 'Public administration' in the United States at the University of Harvard, Massachusetts, between the years 1999 and 2000.
Son of Luis Calderón Vega, one of the founders of the bread. Philip joined the ranks of the party and continued in it while his father left militancy, considering that the bread had been diverted from its foundational objectives. In 1988, he was representative to the Assembly of the Federal District, occupying the Vice-Presidency of the internal regime Committee, after he was elected Federal Deputy, charge that served between the years 1991 and 1994 and that combined also with the Secretary of the Committee of Commerce during the discussion of the free trade agreement. In the year 1991 was Secretary of the youth of his party sector and later Secretary of studies.
He was appointed Secretary of the National Executive Committee (CEN) of the party during the Presidency of Luis H. Álvarez. He also collaborated with the Institute for studies and recruitment policy and occupied the CEN Secretary of studies . His rise in the party came from the hand of Carlos Castillo Peraza, very important character in the Mexican political reality as well as his political mentor.
In 1993 he was Secretary General of the PAN and representative to the General Council of the Instituto Federal Electoral. In 1995 he was elected candidate to Governor of the State of Michoacán. In 1996 he was elected National President of bread for the periodo1996-19Since 1997 he is member of the 'group leaders global future' of the World Forum and also Vice-President of the Christian Democratic International (IDC) since 19He was appointed coordinator of the parliamentary group of the bread of the fifty eighth Legislature in the Chamber of deputies in 2000.
He has been General Director of the Banco Nacional de Obras y Servicios Públicos from February to September 2003 and Energy Secretaryfrom September 2003 to May 2004 he resigns after some harsh criticism by the then President, Vicente Fox, for having participated in a political act early in which is mentioned as a possible candidate for the Presidency of the Republic.
Calderón writes for several Rotary, including 'reform', 'El Norte', 'Mural', 'the voice of Michoacan', 'Word', 'The Debate', 'South', 'El Hidrocálido','News'and 'El Diario de Yucatán'. His career at the Mexican presidency began in 2005, when the internal elections of the party were called. They defeated former Secretary of Interior Santiago Creel and also the Governor of Jalisco, Alberto Cárdenas Jiménez , achieving 51,59 percent of the vote.
On 5 September 2006, the leftist leader Andrés Manuel López Obrador rejected the ruling of the Electoral Tribunal, which declared President to his rival, the governing Felipe Calderón, after two months in which allegations of fraud and mass protests occurred. According to the final tally of votes submitted by the Court, Calderon won in the elections of July 2, 2006, 14.916.927 votes, and Lopez Obrador 14.683.096, which represents a difference of 0.56 per cent in favour of the first. After the announcement by the Court, the President-elect called for unity of the country and invited political opponents to the dialogue. "Everyone called them to join forces to guide the life of Mexico to the values that we share", said Calderon, who invited all the political groups, trade unions and social organizations to participate in the design of its Government programme.
The President of Mexico, Felipe Calderón took office on December 1, 2006 in the Chamber of Deputies, among protests by left-wing deputies. In a fast and tense ceremony, Calderon was himself the presidential sash while the outgoing President, Vicente Fox, witnessed the oath.

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