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Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Henrique Capriles Radonski
- Biography of Tomás Carrasquilla
- Biography of John Maynard Keynes
- Biography of Thomas Jefferson
Biography of Henrique Capriles Radonski
(1972/07/11 - Unknown)Henrique Capriles Radonski
Venezuelan lawyer and politician
He was born on July 11, 1972 in Caracas.
Son of Henrique Capriles García, Jewish descendant of Sephardic Dutch and local, and Mónica Cristina Radonski Bochenek, born in a Jewish family ruso-polaca, who settled in Venezuela escaping from nazi persecution.
Capriles Radonski descends the Capriles, with business interests in the area of media (Cadena Capriles) and the Radonski in the area of entertainment (String Cinex) with presence in all Venezuela. Both families are associated and have different companies in communication, industry and services and real estate.
He studied high school in institutes educational partners (IEA), El Peñón in Caracas. He then did law at the Universidad Católica Andrés Bello, and when it counts 22 years, obtained the title of Attorney in 19She has specialization in economic law at the same University until 19Before his undergraduate degree, he worked in the national integrated service of customs administration and tax (SENIAT), and began studies in tax law at the Universidad Central de Venezuela and carries out different courses at the IBFD International Tax Academy, Amsterdam (Netherlands), in the Inter-American Center of tax administrators, in Viterbo (Italy) and Columbia University, New York (United States).
Member of the International Fiscal Association (IFA), the World Association of young lawyers and the Committee of taxes of the Venezuelan American Chamber of industry and Commerce (Venamcham). He worked in the Nevett & mosque lawyers offices and Hoet, Pelaez, Castillo & Duque and various family businesses.
He made his first contacts with policy between 1995 and 1998 collaborating in the drafting of legislation with his cousin the Deputy Armando Capriles, who by then was part of the Bicameral Commission of energy and mines of the extinct Congress of the Republic. In mid-1998, Armando Capriles, his cousin and member of COPEI, enables you to run for Deputy to the Congress of the Republic in the general election of that year, with the support of the COPEI party which was then in the process of opening for new leadership, and thus gave start to his career during the Parliamentary elections of 1998 in which he was elected Deputy by COPEI to the Congress of the Republic, where he was President of the Chamber of Deputies and Vice-President of the Parliament, becoming the youngest member of the Venezuelan Parliament.
To be dissolved the Congress by the Constituent National Assembly of that year, it ceased in his duties. In 2000 he founded the Primero Justiciapolitical party, forming part of the national leadership, as well as Deputy National Coordinator until 20It occurs in the regional elections of 2000 to the Mayor of the Baruta municipality won with almost 63% of the vote. In 2004, he was re-elected for a second term with nearly 79 percent of the vote. During his term, managed to considerably reduce crime, improved infrastructure and carried out improvements in the historical district of Baruta. In the area of health built a network of outpatient clinics. Development also plan called Pico y Placa, launched in 2007, but six months from its inception was left without effect through a measure precautionary admitted by the Court of the contentious administrative of the High Court of Justice, claiming that you restricting the right to freedom of movement guaranteed by the national Constitution.
As Mayor of Baruta, he was detained for four months, by a series of alleged crimes related to the siege of the Cuban Embassy in Caracas, in the jurisdiction of Baruta. The facts happened during the Coup of 2002, which set aside the President Hugo Chávez briefly from power. The national prosecutor's Office accused him of having violated international principles to have entered the Embassy and requested inspection of the building. The defense of Capriles said that the mayor had gone to try to mediate between the protesters and the Cuban Ambassador, in order to avoid violent incidents outside of the headquarters. On December 15, 2006, he was acquitted of all charges by court 17 trial of Caracas. However, in November 2008, the case was reopened.
In 2008 started the campaign "in Miranda something good is going to happen" that launched his candidacy by Primero Justicia on March 30, 2008, leading to the rest of the opposition parties to Hugo Chávez leaving the alcaldía de Baruta to develop its campaign for Governor of Miranda. In the regional elections of November 2008, he beat Diosdado Cabello, pro-Government candidate and former Vice President of the Republic. Hair was appointed by Hugo Chávez Minister of public works.
In October of 2009, being Governor of Miranda, Henrique Capriles Radonski was denounced by members of the PSUV for tax evasion, intent to the National Treasury and corruption, demands that she was admitted by the General Comptroller of the Republic. Accused for crimes related to dubious management of family businesses (developments about US, C.A., developments San Martin, C.A. and Boralis, C.A) where Capriles is legally administrator, since age 18, with her mother, according to the documents of incorporation of these companies.
Henrique Capriles announced on May 3, 2011 its participation in primary elections of February 12, 2012, for the election of a candidate in the presidential election in October 2012. On October 12, 2011 begins his campaign in the gym José Joaquín Pope Carrillo. November 2 it formalised its candidacy to the primary table of the unit, with the support of the parties we can, Fatherland for all, the cause and his own party. October 2011 polls reflected that Capriles was the opposition candidate with greater popular support, followed by Leopoldo López, who was disbarred by the State Venezuelan until 2014, although a decision of the Inter-American Court of human rights allows you to participate in the elections; and Pablo Pérez (Governor of Zulia State).
January 24, 2012, Leopoldo López declines its candidature in favour of Capriles and the 12 of February 2012, was elected candidate of the Democratic Unity table for the presidential elections of October 7 of this year. Obtaining 1.806.860 votes of a total of 2.904.7In the primary elections of February 12 in 2012, won with 1.806.860 votes and was the rival of President Hugo Chávez in presidential elections. He obtained 44.31 percent of the votes compared with 55,07% of Chavez.
After the death of President Hugo Chávez on March 5, 2013, the National Electoral Council of Venezuela called new elections for April 14 of the same year. The Democratic Unity table offers you return to present itself as the single candidate of the opposition against the official party candidate Nicolás Maduro.
In the presidential elections of Venezuela of the 14 of April 2013, Henrique Capriles was defeated by the candidate of Chavez in a hard-fought election day. Just 200,000 votes separated them, mature achievement 50,66% support versus 49,07% of Capriles.
Capriles Radonski held a six-year relationship with the cheerleader of the Latin American Idol, Erika de la Vega.
Biography of Tomás Carrasquilla
(1858/01/17 - 19/12/1940)Tomás Carrasquilla Naranjo
He was born on 17 January 1858 in Santo Domingo, Antioquia, Colombia.
He worked as a tailor, Secretary of court and judge. Signed sometimes under the pseudonym of Carlos Malachite, excels at journalism, poetry, literary criticism, the story and the novel. Defender of realistic literature, was a very active participant in the literary life and talk shows in their local environment, despite being invalid. In 1904, the bankruptcy of the Banco Popular de Medellin ruined it. According to Kurt Levy, its bankruptcy forced him to look for work, which found used as steward in the San Andres mine in Sonson, where lived for three years.
Among his numerous works are: Frutos de mi tierra (1896), greatness (1910), the Marquise de Yolombó (1928), Memoirs of Eloy Gamboa (1935-1936). His short novels achieved great diffusion in publications known as "weekly novels"; Luterito, Salve, Regina, bowels of child and El Zarco.
On December 14, 1940, he was interned in the San Vicente Hospital in Medellín with the diagnosis of gangrene, one leg was amputated him and Tomás Carrasquilla died on December 19, 19
Biography of John Maynard Keynes
(1883/06/05 - 21/04/1946)John Maynard Keynes
"However, if a Government fails to regulate and allow things to take its own course, essential goods quickly take a price level beyond the reach of all, less than the rich. The lack of value of money becomes apparent, and the fraud to the public cannot be hidden more."
John Maynard Keynes
He was born on June 5, 1883 in Cambridge.
Son of John Neville Keynes.
He studied at Eton and later entered the University of Cambridge. Completed his studies, working in the Ministry of the India experience collected in his first book "currency and Treasury in the India" (1913).
In 1916 he joined the British Treasury where he holds important positions. Representing this body at the Paris Peace Conference, since he resigned in 1919 for being against the regime of repairs which was imposed on Germany.
Back to Cambridge as a lecturer, simultaneous teaching work with private companies in insurance and investment activities. It criticizes the Government's deflationary policy and is opposed to the return to the gold standard. Between 1911 and 1944 he was director of the magazine "Economic Journal", where he published the study "Recent economic events in India". In 1921 he published his "Treaty of probability", study on the theory of probability; in 1922, he published a book about the Treaty of Versailles, with the title "a revision of the Treaty"; and in 1923, his "essay on monetary reform". In 1930 are edited two volumes of the "Treaty money" study on the economic fluctuations. This year he also published an essay "affordability for our grandchildren". Three years later appears the brochure "media of prosperity", which is a preview of his great work, "general theory of employment, interest and money" (1936).
He argued that if the economy suffers a decline in demand, the State should increase spending to thus offset the fall in private consumption and nip the risk of recession and unemployment. The deficit generated by overspending State will be corrected when the economy returns to growth, moment in which the State will reduce its offer, slowing down economic slowdown and compensating their previous overspending with these savings. In this way, the State takes a leading role in the development of the economy of the country; It's a powerful, strong and indispensable element for the abortion crisis economic, financial and employment. "The expansion, not the recession, is the time for fiscal austerity" argued.
At the beginning of the Second World War, appears a certain concern in Keynes reflected in his work "How to pay for the war" (1940). Among his works are: "the economic consequences of the peace" (1919), "the economic consequences of the Sr.Churchill (1925),"the end of the lissez-faire (1926).
His ideas helped inspire the "new deal" of the Government of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, program that helped United States exit limping depression. " It also inspired a generation of Social Democrats in Western Europe after the second world war.
In 1944 he headed the British delegation to the Bretton Woods Conference which will emerge the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund.
John Maynard Keynes died on April 21, 1946 in Firle .
Biography of Thomas Jefferson
(1743-04-13 - 1826/07/04)Thomas Jefferson
American philosopher and politician
He was born on April 13, 1743 in Shadwell, Virginia.
It was the third of ten children of Peter Jefferson, a planter and surveyor; and Jane Randolph, daughter of Isham Randolph. Peter and Jane were married in 17Until William Randolph (cousin of his mother and friend of his father) died, he named his father administrator of the Tuckahoe Plantation and guardian of her four children. In that year the Jefferson settled in Tuckahoe, where they lived for seven years before returning to Shadwell in 17Peter Jefferson died when Thomas was 14 years old and the estate of his property was divided inheriting approximately 5000 acres (2,000 h) of land, including Monticello, and between 20 and 40 slaves. It took control of the property after the age of majority at 21 years.
He began his education under the guidance of tutors in Tuckahoe, along with the children of Randolph. In 1752, he began attending a local school run by a Scottish Presbyterian Minister. At the age of nine, he began studying latin, Greek and French. He studied with the Reverend James Maury from 1758 to 1760 near Gordonsville, Virginia. He studied law, history, philosophy and science at the College of William and Mary to the beginning of 1760.
In 1769 he was elected for the first time to the Virginia Assembly. In 1772, he married a widow, Martha Wayles Skelton. They had six children. Martha died on September 6, 1782; Jefferson was a widower and not remarried. In 1774 he wrote a set of instructions for the delegates of Virginia in the first Continental Congress. In this paper, Summary view of the rights of British America, recounted that the first settlers arrived as individuals rather than as agents of the British Government. Therefore, the Government officials who formed embodied the natural right of the expatriates of a country to choose the terms of submission to a new sovereign. In 1776 he was one of the main drafters of The Declaration of independence, the second Continental Congress.
While serving as a legislator in Virginia (1776-1779), he tried to reform the society following Republican and illustrated guidelines. When he got that his proposal to separate the power of the State of the Anglican Church, was accepted, became responsible for the legislation that it abolished the right link (legacy of the Earth through a specific line of descendants) and primogeniture (inheritance only to the eldest son), thus eliminating the two major government restrictions on the right to private property.
As most important achievement while serving of Virginia legislator, highlighted the enactment of the Statute of Virginia for freedom of worship, adopted in 1786, by which is it forbade States to finance any type of religious organization. When he left office he retired to Monticello to work in his notes on the State of Virginia, which talks about the social, political and economic life in the 18th century.
He was again elected as delegate in Congress and in 1784 wrote the report which was the basis for the Ordinance of 1784, 1785 and 1787. Being Ambassador to France (1784-1789) he witnessed the early stages of the French Revolution. As Secretary of State presented a proposal which he had prepared as a member of Congress in 1783 to establish reciprocal trade agreements with the European Nations and, given British restrictions on U.S. trade, deny such benefits to the British. The proposal was not carried out. Get closer to Britain and France hopes evaporated when Washington declared American neutrality in the war between France and Great Britain. In 1796 he was nominated candidate for the Presidency by the Republican party. In 1797 he was elected Vice President in the administration of the federalist John Adams. Represented the current Republican (in front of the federalist, of Adams).
In the election of 1800 Jefferson and Aaron Burr, got equal number of electoral votes, so the election of President had to be resolved by the House of representatives, which, after 36 votes, elected President Jefferson. During his Government he advocated the extension of suffrage and the abolition of any Royal or aristocratic privilege. Arrival to the Presidency was "the advent of a new policy, almost a revolution". Although its mandate was then more warm and possibilist, its ideology and discourse, markedly egalitarian and antielitista, departed in some aspects of which defended the other founding fathers. After the end of his presidency in 1809 he retired to Monticello, where he lived the rest of his life.
Jefferson had at least one child with a slave of his possession, Sally Hemings. Genetic analysis showed that Jefferson was the father of, at least, the youngest son of Hemings, to which his mother christened as Eston Hemings Jefferson. Sally, who was mulatto and had 29 years younger than him, and his sons lived always in the area of the slaves of Monticello, the estate of the politician, scientist and philosopher. The contradiction between his statement that all people are equal and the maintenance of hundreds of slaves in its property has always been the great reproach which has been made to Jefferson.
His health began to deteriorate in July 1825 by a combination of various diseases, probably toxemia, uremia and pneumonia. In may 1826 his health was so fragile hardly rising from the bed. He spent most of the waking hours reviewing their finances and debts. On 22 may he made a last entry in an accounting book stating the price of the oil of the lamp to a dollar twenty-five cents per gallon, and the cost of lighting his farm during the last month. On 24 June he wrote his last letter to Roger Weightman, journalist of the National Intelligencer, reaffirming their faith in the principles enunciated in the Declaration of independence. During his last hours of life was accompanied by his grandson, Thomas Jefferson Randolph, his doctor, Robley Dunglison and other members of the family and friends. Thomas Jefferson died in Charlottesville, Virginia, on July 4, 1826.
Although he was born in a family of wealthy slave, he had many financial problems and died in debt. After his death, his possessions, and slaves were sold at public auctions from 1827.