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Howard Gardner… Pablo Iglesias Turrión… Pericles… Alejo Carpentier… Biographies Multiposts

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Biographies of famous and historical figures

Biographies of famous:

  1. Biography of Howard Gardner
  2. Biography of Pablo Iglesias Turrión
  3. Biography of Pericles
  4. Biography of Alejo Carpentier

Biography of Howard Gardner

(1943/07/11 - Unknown)

Howard Gardner
American psychologist
He was born on July 11, 1943 in Scranton, Pennsylvania.
Son of Ralph Gardner and Hilde Weilheimer, Jewish immigrants who fled Germany before the second world war.
He was Professor of piano from 1958 to 19He graduated from Harvard University in 1965 with a degree in social relations, and studied with the renowned psychoanalyst Erik Erikson. He completed his PhD in evolutionary psychology while working with psychologists Jerome Bruner and Roger Brown, and the philosopher Nelson Goodman.
Co-Director of Project Zero at the school Superior of education from Harvard University. Project Zero is a research group that develops, for thirty years, the learning processes of children and adults.
Professor of education and psychology at Harvard University and of Neurology at the Boston School of medicine. He is the author, among other books of "multiple intelligences", "creative minds" and "non-school mind", which consists of three parts: the first presents the synthesis of current knowledge about the way in which human beings learn during the first years of his life. In the second, it is the educational process in general, the institutions and the rules of cultural institutions. In the third, rehearses a proposal to reform the education from his conception of the mind not school.
It was Gardner, who with his model recognizes other human capacities the same value has traditionally had exclusively granted to the verbal and mathematics, mainly (a conception reductionist intelligence, product of the educational and social historical context in which arose). Gardner, on the other hand, talks about different ways of being smart, Relativizing the associated stigma, in the conception reductionist, lack of capacity and involving a quantitative planning of individuals, who even claimed as justification for the fundamentally social structure (the intellectual superiority by gender and race).
It has a score of distinctions "honoris causa" of universities including Tel Aviv, Princeton, McGill, etc.
In Spain, the jury of the Prince of Asturias Foundation awarded him with the Prince of Asturias prize for Social Sciences on May 11, 2011.
Married to Ellen Winner, had a son, Benjamin. Gardner has three other children from a previous marriage: Kerith (1969), Jay (1971) and Andrew (1976).
MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES
Term introduced by psychologist Howard Gardner in 1983 with which designates a set of seven types of intelligence, which covers the following:
Verbal intelligence: it is the ability to work efficiently with problems that involve or imply a verbal symbols.
Mathematical intelligence: it is the ability to perform activities that involve conceptual and abstract thinking
Both are typical academic intelligences
Spatial intelligence: ability to handle forms, good perception of environment, space, thinking is related to images, it is the kind of intelligence that artists and architects, have such
Kinesthetic intelligence: ability to have good communication with body language, is for example that ballet dancers have.
Musical intelligence: sensitivity to music and all kind of sounds. It is that the musicians have.
Intelligence staff: they are those that include the personal skills and the ability to intrapsychic.
Interpersonal intelligence: includes leadership skills, ability to cultivate relationships and maintain friendships, ability to resolve conflicts, skills in the kind of social analysis.

Biography of Pablo Iglesias Turrión

(1978/10/17 - Unknown)

Pablo Iglesias Turrión
Spanish politician
"We work experience in political communication from the main space of political socialization that is television."
Pablo Iglesias
He was born on October 17, 1978 in Madrid, Spain.
Paul is called in honor of the founder of Spanish socialism. His maternal great-uncle shot in the Spanish Civil War. His Socialist, paternal grandfather and Commander of the army of the Republic, was sentenced to death and spent 5 years in prison. His mother, a labor lawyer, the first of his family who came to the University, he played in hiding, like his father, Javier Iglesias (Madrid, 1954) inspector of labour and Social Security, which met the jail during Franco's dictatorship and which, according to his son, was a member of the FRAP (Patriot and antifascist Revolutionary Front).
Only child reared in Vallecas; He studied at the Instituto Juana of Castile in the barrio Moratalaz, which highlights its interventions in ethics classes. Later it licenciaría right (2001) and in Political science with extraordinary award (2004), the Universidad Complutense de Madrid, where he also earned doctorate (2008), with a thesis on post-national collective action. He made postgraduate studies including the master's degree in Humanities (2010) by Universidad Carlos III, and Arts in Communication (2011) by the European Graduate School (Switzerland). He is Professor of political science at the Universidad Complutense de Madrid.
Politically positioned on the far left from a young age, he started as a militant at age 14 in the Union of Communist Youth of Spain (UJCE), organization that remained until the He was member of the Executive Board of the Foundation Center for political studies and social (CEPS Foundation), organization dedicated to the production of critical thinking for promoting left-wing policies.
He has collaborated as a columnist in newspapers as a public, Kaosenlared, Diagonal and rebellion. In 2003 it began in Tele K, a programme dedicated to the policy entitled La Tuerka , which moved to channel 33 broadcast live. From January 2013, presented a program of similar content: Fort Apache, in the Iranian capital serving the TV chain. In May of that same year, he began as a commentator and political polemicist in the program El Gato Al Agua, the chain of rights Intereconomía, debuting with the theme of the convocation of the Congress surrounds. After this participation became collaborator in political gatherings like the cat to the water, the Bell the cat (13 TV), the sixth night (La Sexta), the four mornings and 24 h night (24 hours). In October 2013 he was awarded the «focus» of Journalism Award by the Department of journalism and Audiovisual Communication of the Carlos III University of Madrid and the NGO Coordinator for the development-Spain, for his contribution to social change, shared with Ignacio Escolar and Jordi Évole journalists in the individual category. He became director of content and creativity of productions with hand left (CMI).
In the month of January 2014 presented the motion we intending to stand for the elections of the same year, being the most voted candidate in the open primary. On 25 may, this movement managed to 5 seats in the elections to the European Parliament, becoming a surprise because the 1.245.948 votes (almost 8%) received and his short career of just 4 months of political activity.
On November 15, 2014, ten months after founding the formation, Pablo Iglesias was proclaimed First Secretary general in the history of the Party (with 95.311 votes, 88.6% of the supports) in a ceremony held at the Teatro Nuevo Apolo of Madrid, which also were announced to the rest of members of the management of can (citizen Council and Commission on guarantees) , between Carlos Jiménez Villarejo, Juan Carlos Monedero, Iñigo Errejón, facing Carolina Bescansa and Luis Alegre, among others.
Related Tania Sánchez Melero, former Councillor of the municipality of Rivas - Vaciamadrid and member of Izquierda Unida in the Madrid Assembly.

Biography of Pericles

(Unknown - Unknown)

Pericles
Athenian politician
He was born in 495 BC in Athens. Son of Xanthippus, Commander of the army that defeated the Persians at Mycale in 479 B.c.
He had as teachers to the sophist and Damon Athenian music teacher and the Ionian philosopher Anaxagoras that they influenced prominently in their training. It got the recognition of the majority of Athenians through his eloquence, wisdom, honesty and patriotism.
Among his friends the dramatist Sophocles, the historian Herodotus, the sculptor Phidias and the sophist were Protagoras; It was mistress Aspasia of Miletus, a woman famous for its culture.
As head of the Democrats, Pericles tried all Athenian citizens to participate in Government. He was the introducer of the payment in Exchange for services to the State and who was elected the members of the Council by raffle among all Athenian citizens. Under the League of Delos, formed as a defense against attacks from Persia, the Athenians were the leaders of the large naval force that was created. Pericles became undisputed leader of Athens during fifteen years. It rose to this at the expense of the nationals City-States. He restored the temples destroyed by the Persians and built many new buildings, the most splendid one of which was the Parthenon, on the Acropolis. This building provided work to the poorest citizens and made Athens the most magnificent city of his time. Athens became an important centre for literature and art.
Its supremacy aroused the jealousy of other Greek city-States, notably of Sparta, great enemy of Athens. The cities feared the hegemonic project of Pericles and attempted to overthrow the Athenian domination. After the Peloponnesian War broke out in 431 BC, Pericles brought together residents of Attica in Athens and allowed army Peloponnese hit different parts of the country. The following year broke out the plague in the overcrowded city, that ended with the popular confidence.
He was removed from his post, tried, and fined for misuse of public funds, but re-elected strategist in 429 BC
Pericles died in 429 BC in Athens because of the plague.

Biography of Alejo Carpentier

(1904-12-26 - 1980/04/24)

Alejo Carpentier
Novelist, essayist and Cuban musicologist
He was born on December 26, 1904, in Lausanne, Switzerland. Son of an French architect.
Part of his studies in his native town, he studied twelve years, moved to Paris where he attended the Lycée Jeanson de Sailly, and began musical studies with his mother, developing an intense musical vocation. Upon returning to his country, he studied architecture, although it would not end the race.
He began to work as a journalist and to participate in political movements left-wing. He was imprisoned and with his release, went into exile in France. He returned to Cuba where he worked on the radio and he conducted important research on Cuban popular music. He visited Mexico and Haiti where he became interested in the revolts of the 18th-century slaves. He moved to Caracas in 1945 and did not return to Cuba until 1956, year in which there was the triumph of the Castro revolution. He worked in various diplomatic positions for the revolutionary Government.
In his work, you can see influences of surrealism. He worked in the magazine Revolution surréaliste, expressly commissioned by French literary critic and poet André Breton. Among his novels are: the Kingdom of this world (1949), on the Haitian revolution and the tyrant of 19th centuryHenri Christophe, and the lost steps (1953), the fictitious Journal of a Cuban musician in the Amazon. The time war (1958) the violence of the Cuban Government during the 1950s. In 1962 he published the age of enlightenment, which deals with the lives of three characters dragged by the French Revolution. Concert Baroque (1974) presents his visions about the mix of cultures in Latin America. They followed the appeal of the method (1974) and the rite of spring (1978).
The term "marvelous reality" invented by Carpentier and reported in the prologue to his novel the Kingdom of this world has served to establish his own novelistic. It is an imitation of so-called "magical realism" incorporated into the description of the Latin-American reality.
In 1977, he received the Cervantes Prize for literature.
Alejo Carpentier died in Paris (France) on April 24, 19

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