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Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Pedro Ruiz Gallo
- Biography of Ronaldo - Luis Nazario de Lima
- Biography of Alfred Russel Wallace
- Biography of Roald Dahl
Biography of Pedro Ruiz Gallo
(1838/06/24 - 1880/04/24)Pedro Ruiz Gallo
Pioneer of aviation, inventor, musician, and Peruvian painter
He was born on June 24, 1838 in Eten. Son of Pedro Manuel Ruiz (Spanish Colonel) and Doña Julia Gallo.
He first studied in his native city, but the death of his mother, he was taken to Chiclayo. As a child he showed conditions for the arts and crafts and music, giving popular concerts to survive and pay for their studies.
He worked as a watchmaker and 1854 at the age of 16 years travelling to the city of Lima. At age 20, he joined the army doing a brilliant career. In 1856, in the post of Prefecture of AmazonAssistant captain, built two watches for the cities of Lomud and Chachapoyas.
In 1856 he ventured in medicine, by the smallpox epidemic, discovering a vaccine which saved the lives of thousands of people. It was listed as the medical military Savior. He took an active part in the combat on May 2 in 1866 under the orders of General Prado.
Later works on the clock for the Exhibition park; at 12:00 a.m., opened on December 6, 18In 1878 he published the brochure entitled "General studies on air navigation and solving this important problem" where is the hot-air balloons. He designed a device which he called "The ornithopter" that had the form of a bird, but that would run with a motor.
On April 24, 18The square Chilean blocked the port and the Government commissioned it when he offered his services for the construction of torpedoes which would explode on contact with the enemy ships with mechanical devices. He established his workshop in a building in the port of Callao. The work was almost finished, when a careless one of its torpedoes explode on April 24, 1880, killing its inventor.
The Constituent Assembly of 1884, decided to move his remains to the crypt of heroes; from 1940 his remains lie next to Grau and Bolognesi.
Biography of Ronaldo - Luis Nazario de Lima
(1976/09/22 - Unknown)Ronaldo Luis Nazário de Lima
He was born on September 22, 1976 in Río de Janeiro.
Sonia, his mother, had the responsibility to the family. When his father was 13 years old he abandoned them.
He started in the clubs Social Ramos and São Cristóvão. In 1993 he signed for Cruzeiro. In just two seasons became one of the most prominent players in his country. His debut in the first divisionoccurred in March 19He played the u-17 World Cup with Paraguay.
Cruzeiro became the PSV and then to Barcelona. He signed for the Italian team Inter Milán, where he met the Argentine Diego Pablo Simeone, the Uruguayan Álvaro Recoba and Chile's Iván Zamorano, with whom he won the UEFA Cup (1998).
It was part of the Brazilian team that won the World Cup contested in United States (1994), although he went to acquire experience and did not debut in the tournament. With the Brazil Olympic selection he conquered the bronze medal in the Olympic Games in Atlanta 96. After them, their presence in the senior team of coach Mario Zagalo became almost imperative, forming a lethal front together with Romario. The attacking pair managed big hits, the first of which came in 1997, when the Brazilian team won the triumph in the Copa America disputed in Bolivia. In the world of football in Korea and Japan (2002)marked eight goals, two of them in the final against Germany which got Brazil obtained the status of downed world.
In September 2002, after lengthy negotiations, I signed for Real Madrid. The front he swore to the Constitution, so that, after almost a year of paperwork, managed Spanish nationality on 10 November 20In the season 2006 / 2007, leaving Real Madrid. declaring that he was sad to have to leave the team and thanked all the technicians who had throughout their stay except for Capello.
In the season 2007-2008 came to Milan and had to undergo a treatment with medications due to a problem of insufficient hormone in the thyroid gland that can produce a significant weight gain. With this team he became the first footballer in history to play the classics Milan-Inter and Real Madrid with four t-shirts.
It was part of the FIFA 100, a list of the best living players. He was twice world champion playing for the selection of his country, won the Golden Ball in 1997 and 2002 and has three awards for FIFA to the best player in the world, achieved in 1996, 1997 and 20Since 2006 was the top scorer in the history of the FIFA World Cup, scoring 15 goals and the second historic scorer of the Brazilian selection after Pelé.
February 13, 2008, in a match for AC Milan against AS Livorno calcium, rupture of the patella tendon in his left knee, a serious injury it suffered. On June 30, 2008 ends contract with AC Milan, but the rossonero club declined to renew the contract up to the total recovery of the injury. He was inactive for nine months and it was rumored that he could be assigned to loan to Flamengo of Brazil. Finally on December 9, 2008 he was transferred to Corinthians of Brazil re-visit with the goal of March 8, 2009, after more than one year away from the playing fields.
He announced his retirement for the purposes of the 2011 year.
Married to Milene Domingues, mother of his son Ronald, in December 19
Biography of Alfred Russel Wallace
(1823/01/08 - 07/11/1913)Alfred Russel Wallace
Naturalist, geographer and British social critic
He was born January 8, 1823 in Usk, Monmouthshire, Wales.
In 1848 made an expedition to the Amazon River with the also naturalist Henry Walter Bates; that gave him the recognition of the Royal Geographical Society, which led the research in the Malay Archipelago from 1854 to 18During the expedition he observed the Zoological differences fundamental among species of animals of Asia and Australia and established the Zoological dividing line - known as the Wallace line- between the Malaysian islands of Borneo and Celebes.
He formulated his theory of natural selection and when in 1858 he communicated his ideas to Darwin, was the striking coincidence that the latter had handwritten his own theory of evolution, similar to the one of the first. In July were disclosed a few excerpts from the manuscripts of both scientists in a joint publication, in which the contribution of Wallace was entitled: "on the tendency of diversities to move away indefinitely from the original type".
He returned to England in 1862, where he served as naturalist and geographer; It came to have a collection of more than 125 thousand animal specimens. He received numerous awards such as: the Medal Royal of the Royal Society of London, in 1868; the Darwin medal, in 1890; the Medal of the founders of the Royal Society geographical, the Copley Medal, the order of merit and the Darwin-Wallace medalin 19He also received honorary doctorates from the University of Dublin, in 1882, and Oxford, in 1889.
Alfred Russell Wallace died on November 7, 1913, Broadstone, Dorset, England.
Biography of Roald Dahl
(1916-09-13 - 1990/11/23)Roald Dahl
He was born on September 13, 1916 in Llandaff, Cardiff, Wales.
Son of the Norwegian Harald Dahl and Sofie Magdalene Hesselberg of Dahl.
He began his studies in the Llandaff Cathedral school and at age nine joined the St. Peter's School, a private of Weston-super-Mare school.
He then studied at Repton School, Derbyshire, where Cadbury Chocolate Factory, sending samples of their products to school so they were tested by the students. Roald imagined then create a candy bar for Cadbury, which inspired him to write his second book for children, Charlie and the chocolate factory. Boy, with events in his childhood that served to write other titles he also wrote about his childhood.
After his studies, he explored Newfoundland and in July 1934 enters the oil company Royal Dutch Shell, being intended for two years then was transferred to Dar-es-Salaam, (Tanzania). In November 1939 he joined the Royal Air Force. Flying a Gloster Gladiator to the runway of the squadron 80, South of Mersah Matruh could not find the track and crashed, fracturing the skull. After being carried to a first aid post in Mersah Matruh, regained consciousness but not the view, and he was transferred by train to the hospital of the Royal Navy in Alexandria, where he met and fell in love with the nurse Mary Welland, the first person who saw to retrieve the view after eight weeks of blindness. In February 1941 he was discharged and passed to tasks of flight. In a Hawker Hurricane, in April of that same year, he crossed the Mediterranean to join his squad in Greece. He participated in the battle of Chalcis, where Junkers Ju 88s bombed ships, and piloting his Hurricane against six bombers, it broke down one of them. He later served in Syria. Later wrote about these events in his autobiography flying only.
He began writing in 1942 when it was transferred to Washington as a military. His first published work appeared in the edition of the Saturday Evening Post' on August 1, 1942, a story title that as a piece of cake and that described his accident with the Gloster Gladiator. The original title was changed to Shot down over Libya (shot down over Libya). His first title for children was The Gremlins, about small creatures malevolent in nature able to sabotage all kinds of machinery. The pilots of the Royal Air Force for service in the Middle East during the second world war narraran a story trying to attribute the frequent accidents happening on its flights to the action of these fabulous beings. His work was published in 1943 and was commissioned by Walt Disney for a film that was titled Gremlins. His other titles are Tales of the unexpected, My Uncle Oswald, extraordinary stories, the big switch, which received the Grand Prix of black humor in France; and in the youth section, Matilda, the giraffe, the Pelican and monkey or James and the giant peach, among others. He would also write stories for adults, many of them for magazines us as Ladies Home Journal, Harper's, Playboy and The New Yorker.
It became one of the most read children's literature authors, whose works came to have a circulation of eight million copies and translations into 17 languages. He developed a literature that has been compared to that of Poe, Maupassant and Hemingway, considered "an author of deadly wit and macabre sense of humor". Author of more than sixty stories, one of the most famous Men of the South (The smoker or Man from the South), was filmed as an episode of Alfred Hitchcock presents, and adapted by Quentin Tarantino for the film Four Rooms. Also authored scripts for the series of James Bond, you only live twice (You only live twice) and Chitty Chitty Bang Bang, as well as adapting his own work to make Willy Wonka and the chocolate factory, 1971.
Married American actress Patricia Nealfrom 1953 to 1983, were parents of five children, one of them the author Tessa Dahl, another, Olivia Twenty Dahl, died of encephalitis and another, Theo, his only son, suffered an accident during his childhood that led him to hydrocephalus, because of which Roald Dahl was involved in the development of what later became known as the Wade-Dahl-Till valve. In 1983, he married Felicity Ann Abreu Crosland, the best friend of his first wife.
Roald Dahl died of leukemia in a hospital in Oxford, near London, on November 23, 19He was buried in the cemetery of the parish of San Pedro and San Pablo.