Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Sandro Botticelli
- Biography of Juan Gabriel
- Biography of Protagoras
- Biography of Aeschylus
Biography of Sandro Botticelli
(1445/03/01 - 1510/05/17)Sandro Botticelli
Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi
He was born March 1, 1445 in Florence, in a humble family of craftsmen.
Botticelli was the nickname of his older brother, Giovanni, whose obesity led to be called "barrel" and by extension to all the members of his family.
He was a disciple of Fra Filippo Lippi, also worked with the painter and printmaker Antonio del Pollaiuolo, he learned the mastery of line, and also received great influence of Andrea del Verrocchio. To 1470 he had his own workshop.
He devoted most of his life to portraits, among them: Portrait of Giuliano de Medici (1475-1476, National Gallery of art, Washington, D.C.) and the adoration of the Magi (1476-1477, Uffizi Gallery, Florence) that contains characters with traits similar to those of the Medici family. He was influenced by the Christian Neoplatonism, which sought to reconcile Christian ideas with classics, this can be seen in the spring (c. 1478) and the birth of Venus (after 1482), created for one of the villas of the Medici family. In this area also highlights the series of four paintings Nastapio degli Honesti (Museo del Prado, Madrid), which recreates one of the stories of Boccaccio's Decameron.
In addition he painted religious subjects, mainly tables of virgins, highlighting the Virgin by writing the Magnificat (Decade of 1480), The Madonna of the pomegranate (Decade of 1480) and the coronation of the Virgin (1490), all of them in the Uffizi, and Madonna and child and two Saints (1485, Staatliche Museen, Berlin). Other works of religious theme include San Sebastián (1473-1474, Staatliche Museen) and a fresco about St. Augustine (1480, Ognissanti, Florence).
In 1481 he was called to Rome to work in the decoration of the Sistine Chapel of the Vatican, where he painted the frescoes of Moses tests, the punishment of the rebels and the temptation of Christ. In the Decade of 1490, after the expulsion of the Medici from Florence, and when the Dominican monk Girolamo Savonarola preached austerity and reform, suffered a religious crisis, although he did not abandon the city.
They are notable later works, such as la Pietà (beginning of the Decade of 1490, Museo Poldi Pezzoli, Milan) and about all the mystical Nativity (Decade of 1490, National Gallery, London) and the mystical Crucifixion (c. 1496, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, Massachusetts).
He was accused anonymously, in 1502, at the Uffiziali di Notte, institution where citizens report crimes real or imagined, for an act of sodomy with one of his assistants.
Sandro Botticelli died May 17, 1510 in Florence .
Biography of Juan Gabriel
(1950/01/07 - Unknown)Juan Gabriel
Alberto Aguilera Valadez
Mexican composer and singer
He was born on January 7, 1950 in Parácuaro, Michoacán.
Son of Gabriel Aguilera Rodríguez and Victoria Valadés Rojas, both farmers. Dubbed "Alberto", in honor to the character of a Cuban story, "The right to be born", called Albertico Limonta, of fashion thanks to a soap opera of the XEW. He was the youngest of a total of 10 children; Rose, who died almost newly born; Virginia, his unique and spoiled sister; José Gudalupe, Gabriel, Pablo, Miguel (now deceased) and 3 Rafaeles who also died. Almost newborn, his father burned a pasture with the intention of reseeding later; fire invades other properties, and anguished by the problem, suffers a "shock" and sick. It had to be admitted to the then infamous Hospital of "La Castañeda", in the city of Mexico. Tells that he died there although there are witnesses who say that you escaped. This fact inspired to Juan Gabriel to write the song: "from sunrise to sunset". At 7 months of age, he was taken to Ciudad Juárez, where he spent his childhood.
When you have 4 years, he entered as an internal school of social improvement for children, better known as "The Court", where he stayed for 8 years. To 7 years of age met Juan Contreras of Zacatecas, tinsmith master, who taught him to work. He considered his master as a father. In memory to this man, later adopted the name of John; and Gabriel, in memory of his father. Her first stage name was Adam Moon. Then she made her debut with the song "Maria the Bandit", by José Alfredo Jiménez, accompanied by mariachi Gil lonelinessand his band. Before recording as a soloist he worked doing choirs of great figures of song as Roberto Jordán, Angélica María, Estela Núñez and César Costa.
He was accused of theft and boarding school almost year and a half in criminal Lecumberri. "It's my life" film, starring himself later emerged from such experience. There he had the opportunity of knowing, through the director of the prison, Queta Jiménez "La Prieta Linda", who not only advocated for him so he was released for lack of evidence, but that also put it in contact with the RCA to then carry out their first recordings. It was the first interpreter who recorded a song titled "night night" to him. On June 11, 1971 he signed a contract with RCA Victor and began the recording of their first album, "a young soul", which included his first big hit, "No tengo dinero". Before being accepted at RCA Victor, they rejected him at CBS, Musart and Peerless.
The songs "tears and rain","sad eyes"and "Amor eterno"dedicated to the memory of his mother, who died on December 27, 19Among other properties that are known to Juan Gabriel is old and magnificent House in ciudad Juarez, where his mother worked in domestic service.
For the first time in the history of the U.S. magazine Billboard, Juan Gabriel made his debut in the first place of Hot Latin track, with the theme "the stick" from the album "the Mexico that we".
In 2009, the Latin Recording Academy named him "Person of the year" of the Latin Grammy Awards, and according to LARAS, has sold more than 100 million albums, in addition to composing some 1,500 songs. The singers have performed his compositions: Rocío Dúrcal, Isabel Pantoja, Julio Iglesias, Rocío Jurado, Pimpernel, Chayanne, Marc Anthony, Placido Domingo, Selena, Chavela Vargas and many more.
Biography of Protagoras
(Unknown - Unknown)Protagoras
"Man is the measure of all things"
"I confess that I am a sophist and I instructed the men. Oh boy! If you come to my learn what you really want to learn and not as with the other Sophists, such as Hippias (that will teach you, against your will, not ethical and physical sciences). You will learn about family matters and the State".
He was born in the 485 b.c. in Abdera, Thrace.
He moved to Athens, where he became friend of Pericles and earned fame as a teacher and philosopher. He was the first to call same sophist and teach for money receiving large amounts of students. He taught grammar, rhetoric and poetry interpretation.
His main works, of which only survive some fragments, were entitled truth and about the gods. The Foundation of his philosophy was the doctrine that nothing is good or bad, true or false, in a categorical manner and that each person is, therefore, its own final authority; This belief is summarized in his phrase: "man is the measure of all things, which are, where they are, and which are not, insofar as they are not". Protagoras criticized the superstitions and religious rites of his time, but always maintained a sceptical and agnostic stance, it not atheist. Two famous dialogues of Plato, Theaetetus, and Protagoras, contested the doctrines of Protagoras. Between her professional duties are entrusted the elaboration of a penal code to Thurii.
He was accused of IMPIETY by what you had to go into exile perishing drowned, it is believed that in the 411 BC, in the course of a trip to Sicily.
Biography of Aeschylus
(Unknown - Unknown)Aeschylus
In Eleusis, near Athens, was born in a noble family.
He fought against the Persians at Marathon, the 490 B.c., in Salamis, 480 BC, and then, in an auditorium, the following year. It is believed that he wrote ninety works. He began his work as a youngster but it only came to get his first victory in Greek public tenders in the year 485 BCE when he was about forty years. Since then he became famous and people admired it as to its tragic peak, having won 12 dramatic contests over their lifetime. He was an innovator in the field of the tragedy and is considered as the tragic poet par excellence in the history of the world and the founder of the Greek tragedy.
Its tragedies, represented for the first time the 500 B.c., were they offered as Trilogies, or groups of three, United by a common subject, and each trilogy was followed by a satirical drama. The titles of 79 of his theatrical works are known, but only survived seven. The oldest the supplicants, it is thought that it is the first work in a trilogy about the marriage of the fifty daughters of Danao, including Egyptians and the danaidesworks. It the Persians, presented the 472 BC, is a historical tragedy about the battle of Salamis, and the action takes place in Persia, in the Court of the mother of King Xerxes I. The seven against Thebes, presented the 467 B.c., It is based on the conflict between the two sons of Oedipus, Eteocles, and Glenn, for the throne of Thebes. It is believed that it is the third work of a trilogy, and the first two are Layo and Oedipus. Prometheus bound, a work of uncertain date, portrays the punishment of the rebel Prometheus by Zeus. Probably the first work of a Promethean trilogy, whose other two would be Prometheus unchained and Prometheus which brings the ring. The three works remaining, Agamemnon, the coeforas and the eumenides (the Furies), presented the 458 B.c., form the trilogy known as the Oresteia, or history of Orestes. In Agamemnon, one of the greatest works of dramatic literature, King Agamemnon returns home from Troy and is killed treacherously by his unfaithful wife Clytemnestra. In the second work, Orestes, son of Agamemnon, returned to Argos and come the death of his father by killing his mother and her lover Aegisthus. This matricide is punished for avenging divinities, the erinyes. In the eumenides, the erinyes pursued Orestes until this is clean his guilty blood and declares him innocent the old Court of the here thanks to the intercession of Athena, Goddess of wisdom. By introducing a second actor in the play, he created the dramatic dialogue.
He also developed the representation of drama, entering the costumes and the scenery.
Had two sons: Euphorion and Bion who also created tragic works.
Aeschylus died in Gela, Sicily. He decided to go into exile to the field once the Oracle predicted that he would die crushed by a House. According to the legend, shortly afterwards a bearded vulture dropped a turtle from high altitude right on the place where he was Aeschylus. The chelonian hit against his skull causing instant death. The Oracle was not wrong. Be later erected a monument in his memory in this place.