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William Gates - Bill Gates… Pedro Calderón de la Barca… Martin Heidegger… Thomas Malthus… Biographies Multiposts

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Biographies of famous and historical figures

Biographies of famous:

  1. Biography of William Gates - Bill Gates
  2. Biography of Pedro Calderón de la Barca
  3. Biography of Martin Heidegger
  4. Biography of Thomas Malthus

Biography of William Gates - Bill Gates

(1955/10/28 - Unknown)

William Gates
Henry III
American businessman
He was born on October 28, 1955 in Seattle, Washington.
Son of William Henry Gates Jr. and Mary Maxwell. It has English, German, Scottish, and Irish ancestry. His father was a partner interest of one of the most powerful law firms in the city, and his mother belonged to the Board of Directors of First Interstate BancSystem and the United Way. His maternal grandfather, JW Maxwell, was President of a National Bank. He had one older sister, Kristi (Kristianne), and a younger sister, Libby.
At age 13, he enrolled in Lakeside School, a private preparatory school. When I was in eighth grade, the mothers Club at the school used funds? to buy a Teletype Model 33 ASR and General Electric computer for school students. Gates, became interested in the programming of the system of GE in BASIC and was excused from math classes for training in computing. He wrote his first computer program on this computer an implementation of tic-tac - toe that you allowed users to play against the computer.
He sold his first software program - a system of scheduling for school - by $4,200 at age He graduated from Lakeside School, in 1973 as a National Merit Scholar. He enrolled at Harvard University in the fall of 1973, where he met Steve Ballmer, who was the CEO of Microsoft since January 2000 to February 20Founder of Microsoft in 1975 along with Paul Allen, companion studies and partner in the creation of programming languages.
Microsoft in 1975, when it was founded, had just three employees (one of them was Gates) and obtained income by just 16 thousand dollars. At Harvard, during the year 1975, partnered with Allen to develop a version of the programming language BASIC for the Altair, the first computer or personal computer. In 1977 he leaves Harvard to devote himself completely to Microsoft. In the early eighties, Microsoft evolves from developer of programming languages to the diversification of software, producing operating systems, applications and programming tools. This was since 1981 with the introduction of MS-DOS, an operating system for new personal computers from International Business Machines Corporation (IBM PC) as well as other PC makers that standardized the MS-DOS, thus facilitating the compatibility of software. Microsoft created word processors, such as Microsoft Word for the IBM PC. They also developed a software application for the Apple Macintosh until in 1984 it came out to the market the first Mac.
The U.S. Department of Justice found guilty to Microsoft of monopolistic practices in the digital age more important antitrust case. As soon as it was learned the dreaded bug, Microsoft shares suffered a dramatic depreciation of the order of the 79 billion dollars, also causing the collapse of the shares of other companies on the New York Stock Exchange. THE trial is the result of the lawsuit filed by attorneys from 19 States of the American Union in 1998 against Microsoft by having integrated Explorer browser to its Windows operating system in order to take advantage in the Internet access to the Netscapecompany, creator of the Navigator. The company commanded by Gates defended arguing that separate the Windows Explorer was not possible, given that it was part of the same product. The ruling by Judge Jackson also said that Microsoft is guilty of pressuring computer makers to include the Explorer pre-installed operating systems and not Netscape Navigator.
Gates amassed a great fortune, according to the annual Forbes magazine list appeared as the United States and the world richest man on numerous occasions. On 16 June 2006 makes public its intention of abandoning their daily work in front of your company. On June 27, 2008 leave his post at the head of Microsoft handing over control of the company to Steve Ballmer to devote himself to the Foundation Bill & Melinda Gates, dedicated to rebalancing opportunities in health and education. They were awarded the Prince of Asturias Award for international cooperation 2006. He resigned as Chairman of Microsoft in February 2014, assuming the new position of technology advisor in support of the newly appointed Chief ExecutiveSatya Nadella.
He married Melinda French on January 1, 19Had three children, Jennifer Katharine (1996), Rory John (1999) and Phoebe Adele (2002).

Biography of Pedro Calderón de la Barca

(1600/01/17 - 1681/05/25)

Pedro Calderón de la Barca
Spanish poet and playwright
He was born on January 17, 1600, in Madrid. It is said that it seemed to have been born dead, so introduced him in a pot with hot water, to come into contact with the water burst into their first cries.
Family of noble ancestry credited, was the third son of a Secretary of the Board and greater accounting of Treasury.
He studied at the Colegio Imperial de Madrid, run by the society of Jesus, and continued in the universities of Alcalá and Salamanca until 1620.
He was involved in several violent incidents, as an accusation of murder and violation of the closure of a convent of nuns. Regarding his military life, it is known that he participated in the campaign to quell the revolt of Catalonia against the Crown (1640).
In 1623 it represented his first known comedy, love, honor and power. La dama duende (1629). was involved in lawsuits because of the testament of his father, which forced the playwright and his brothers to plead with her stepmother and to sell the position of his father to pay what is asked. He entered the service of the Duke of Frías, which toured Flanders and Northern Italy between 1623 and 1625.
He wrote home with two doors, bad is save (1632), there is no teasing with love (1637), the constant Prince (1629), the prodigious magical (1637), Médico de su honra (1635), the Mayor of Zalamea (1640), and his masterpiece, life is a dream (1636). In its sacramental highlights the great theatre of the world (1636). He was wounded during the siege of Lerida, obtained the absolute license in 1642 and a pension. In 1651 was ordered priest.
He had a reputation at the Court of Philip IV and his name is associated with the inauguration of the Palace of the Buen Retiro in Madrid, in 1635, as well as numerous palatial theatre performances. The King honored him by giving him the habit of Santiago. He was also Chaplain of the Toledo Cathedral and chaplain to the King.
Pedro Calderón de la Barca died in Madrid from May 25, 16

Biography of Martin Heidegger

(1889-09-26 - 1976/05/26)

Martin Heidegger
German philosopher
He was born on September 26, 1889 in Messkirch, Baden (Germany).
With 20 years he entered the Seminary of the Jesuits in Freiburg, but two weeks was asked to leave the Congregation, apparently because of his weak health. He subsequently entered the Diocesan Seminary in the same city. He studied Catholic Theology for two years, and since 1911 Western philosophy at the University of Freiburg, where he studied with Edmund Husserl, the founder of phenomenology.
During World War I he volunteered as a volunteer, but again because of health problems, it was not sent to the front being assigned to the censorship of correspondence. Between 1919 and 1923 was Husserl Assistant with whom he started in the phenomenological method, which would then make their own. After teaching at Marburg, and after retiring from the Chair of philosophy at the University of Fribourg, Husserl recommended him for the post and this thus assumed ownership in 1928.
Married Elfride Petri on March 21, 1917, in a Catholic ceremony officiated by his friend Engelbert Krebs, and a week later in a Protestant ceremony. He was father of Hermann and Jörg Heidegger. He met Hannah Arendt, and the affair was soon to emerge, but Heidegger was Catholic, was married, had two children and, above all, a social reputation that was not willing to throw overboard. They kept the relationship with ups and downs, but the intellectual always remained. The fundamental reason for the breakdown, was the affiliation of the author of "being and time» to the nazi party and the inevitable flight from Germany of Arendt by their Jewish status. Also maintained relations with another student: Elisabeth Blochmann, Jewish father and which helped to emigrate before the second world war, resumed contact after the war.
Hitler seized power in Germany in 1933 and his Government appointed him Rector of the University of Freiburg and it accepted the post and joins the party National Socialist (NSDAP) expressing their adherence to the National Socialist regime in his speech at the inauguration. Heidegger had some complacency towards the regime of Hitler, whose external order praised in the early months of the Third Reich. Baffled by the rear of the system evolution and the war, waiving the Rectorate by disagreements with the Government and fails to deal with politics. The resignation did not prevent that it was dismissed as a teacher in Fribourg, after the occupation of Germany by the allies. After six years, he would return to his chair as Honorary Professor. His academic activity was already much less constant. He received some of his disciples, Marcuse, insistent suggestion that is publicly retract his speech of 1933, he never wanted to give explanations.
Considered to be one of the most complex and important of the 20th century, philosophers one of the greatest figures of modern philosophy. Heavily influenced by the pre-Socratic, Kierkegaard, and Nietzsche, in his most outstanding work, be and time (1927), is interested in what he considered the essential philosophical question: what is be?. Since then, his essays and scientific production was very extensive.
He argued that the individual is in danger of being immersed in the world of objects, the routine daily, and conventional and surface behaviour of the crowd. The feeling of fear (Angst) pushes the individual into a confrontation with death and the last meaningless of life, although a true sense of self and freedom can be acquired only by this confrontation. The idea of the no sense of human existence made him to be considered as part of the current Existentialist, precursor largely from the ideas of philosophers such as Jean Paul Sartre. This work others followed it as an Introduction to metaphysics (1953). He felt that the modern technological society has favored an elemental and manipulative attitude that has private being and meaning to human life, a State called nihilism.
Since 1952 is removed to his native village, and began preparations for the edition of his complete works, which shall consist of 70 volumes at the end of 1974.
Martin Heidegger died in Messkirch May 26, 1976, in the same village in the Black Forest in which it was born. At his request, he was buried according to the rite of the Catholic Church with the Bell Tower of the Church of his hometown. One of his nephews, priest, presided over the craft.

Biography of Thomas Malthus

(17/02/1766 - 1834/12/29)

Thomas Robert Malthus
British Economist and demographer, clergyman
He was born on 17 February 1766 in Surrey.
He studied at Jesus College, Cambridge University. In 1793 he was elected a member of the management team of the Jesus College, since that resignation in 1804 to contract marriage. In 1798, he officiated in the parish of Albury in Surrey. From 1805 until his death worked as Professor of modern history and political economy at the College of the East India Company at Haileybury.
His main contribution to economics was his theory of population, published in his book, 'essay on the principle of population' (1798), which holds that the population tends to grow faster than the supply of food available for your needs. When there is an increase in food production exceeding the population growth is stimulated the growth rate; on the other hand, if the population grows too in relation to food production, growth stops due to famines, diseases and wars. Thanks to his writings the first systematic demographic studies were conducted. Also influenced later economists, notably David Ricardo, whose "iron of the wage law" and his theory of the distribution of wealth included some elements of the ideas of Malthus.
Among his other works are, research on the nature and progress of rent (1815) and principles of political economy (1820).
Thomas Malthus died at Hertford on December 29, 1834.

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