Dictionary of Definitions, Concepts and meanings of daily use
Definitions, Concepts and meanings:
- Definition of non-renewable resources
- Definition of theology
- Definition of contamination
- Definition of dialogue
- Definition of nature
- Definition of public security
- Definition of selfishness
- Definition of humanism
- Definition of wellness
- Definition of image
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Definition of non-renewable resourcesThe goods and services offered by the nature of direct (i.e., when human intervention is not required) are known as the natural resources. This set can be divided between the renewed (which can regenerate provided that the operation is not excessive) and non-renewed resources or exhaustible resources.
Non-renewed resources are those with reservations inevitably ending one day or another, being given that they cannot be produced, grown or regenerated to support their consumption rates. In other words, the consumption of non-renewed resources is greater than the capacity of nature to recreate them.
As an example of non-renewed resources, we will quote the oil. Once the oil reserves will be exhausted, it will not be possible to get this oleaginous natural liquid. Experts say that, nothing that to see the current rate of extraction and if not new deposits, found the world of oil reserves will eventually run out in less than half a century.
Minerals are also part of the non-renewed resources. The mining industry is responsible for the extraction of minerals and other materials of the Earth's crust; mining involves blasting mountains and other similar activities that literally demolish the field. If more minerals remain in the pits, they are then abandoned.
Protection and replacement of non-renewed resources are some of the major tasks for environmental groups. Solar energy and wind energy, for example, are alternatives to the use of oil and hydrocarbons.
Definition of theologyThe term theology derives from the word latin theologĭa. This word, in turn, comes from the Greek concept formed by theos ("God") and logos ('study'). Theology thus is the science which is the study of God and his attributes and perfections. This is a set of philosophical techniques that seek to achieve specific knowledge about the divine entities.
The term endorsed by Plato in 'The Republic'. The Greek philosopher used it to refer to the understanding of the divine nature through reason, unlike literary understanding. Later, Aristotle adopted the concept with both directions: theology as a fundamental branch of philosophy and theology as a denomination of mythological thinking immediately prior to philosophy.
Catholic theological knowledge, the object of direct study is God. Its real criteria are human reason and divine revelation, while the Church is perceived as a community of faith and Christianity. That said, the Church has the power to establish, in authorized manner, criteria for theological reflection.
The Catholic Church considers that theological knowledge is rational (given that theology is a science) whose object is given by revelation (Word of God), which, in turn, is transmitted and interpreted by the Church.
Catholic Theology is based on two mysteries: the Trinitarian mystery (Christian doctrine that explains the existence of one God in three different and identifiable persons: the father, the son and the Holy Spirit) and the mystery Christologique (the life of Jesus Christ, with his birth, his passion, his death and his resurrection).
Definition of contaminationThe word contamination derives from the latin contaminatĭo and refers to the action and the effect of contamination. This verb, in turn, is used to refer to harmful alteration of purity or normal conditions a thing or a medium by the action of chemical or physical agents.
Figuratively, contaminate also means change the shape of a word or a text by the influence of another; pervert and corrupt the faith or customs; and desecrate or violate the law of God.
Pollution is the introduction of a pollutant in a any way. This term is often used in the field of ecology, especially as regards the contamination (or pollution) environmental, i.e. the presence in the environment of any (physical, chemical or biological) agent under places, ways, and concentrations that can harm the health, safety or well-being of the population.
The dynamics of pollutants is responsible for studying the action of these agents from the moment where they generate up to their final disposition. Among the phenomena of dynamics, we will mention the dispersion, concentration, transfer and transformation.
Regarding the classification of contamination on the basis of the affected way, we will quote air contamination, water contamination, contamination of soil and acoustic contamination, among others.
Finally, with regard to the classification of contamination based on environmental polluting method, it can be chemical, radioactive, thermal, electromagnetic and microbiological, for example.
Definition of dialoguePulling originated from the latin word dialŏgus which, in turn, derives from a Greek concept, a dialog is a conversation between two or more persons who manifest their ideas or conditions of alternative ways. In this sense, a dialogue is also a discussion or exchanges to reach an agreement.
OTHER hand, in a literary work, dialogue is the set of words that Exchange the characters between them. This kind of textual typology is used in the literature when two characters use the diegetic speech and act as interlocutors. It is also a literary work in the form of conversation which its author to expose his ideas through a character whose role is to contradict.
In its most common usage, the dialogue is a modality of oral and written speech by means of which people communicate with each other. It's an exchange of ideas by any means, direct or indirect.
The dialogue can also be a friendly conversation discussion violent. However, it is said that dialogue is an exchange of ideas where the thoughts of the other person are accepted and the participants are willing to change their own points of view. This is the reason for which there is a consensus on the need for dialogue, regardless of the context: the field of policy, for example.
It is said that those who lust for power and the authoritarian tend to overlook or even to exclude dialogue, because they want at any price that their truth is the only effective and that they discredit the opinions of opponents to strengthen their field.
Authentic dialogue tries to seek the truth and encourage knowledge without prejudice, contrary to the rhetoric which seeks to persuade and convince while manipulating opinion.
Definition of natureThe concept of nature to designate the phenomena of the physical world and life in general. The french dictionary by Editions Larousse recognizes fourteen definitions of the word, which proves how this term is broad.
The nature is, for example, gasoline and the characteristic properties of each being ('to feed their own children is in the nature of several animals'), all and available to any who composed the universe ("we have to protect nature"), virtue and the quality of the things ("it was noble and massive nature") and the strength of the natural activity Unlike what is miraculous or supernatural ("nature showed its strength with the avalanche that devastated the village").
The most common use of this term for all human beings living (beings humans, animals, plants) and phenomena that take place in a natural way, that is, without the intervention of human or through artificial means (rain or snow falls, for example).
In this sense, the planet Earth is home to nature. When ecology refers to the protection of nature, it comes to the conservation of human beings living and ecosystems that make up the planet.
The concept of ecosystem to describe a dynamic system with relative autonomy, formed a natural community and its corresponding physical medium. The ecosystem includes interactions between organisms forming said community and flows of energy and materials that the traverse.
Definition of public securityPublic safety implies that citizens of a region can coexist in harmony, where everyone respects the individual rights of others. The State is the guarantor of public security and the great leader when it comes to avoid alterations in the social order.
In this sense, public safety is a service that must be universal (all persons are entitled) to protect the physical integrity of the citizens and their property. To do this, there are public safety (such as the police and the armed forces) forces, who work in collaboration with the judicial power.
The public security forces are intended to prevent any kind of crimes and punish current once. It is theirs to prosecute offenders and to deliver justice, which will establish the corresponding penalties in accordance with the law.
In general, cities have important public safety problems because they have large levels of crime. On the other hand, small villages tend to offer better public safety.
This should be, in a certain way, to the massiveness, given that millions of people in a big city become anonymous (almost nobody does is knows). In the villages and in the countryside, it is less likely that someone could commit a crime without that person does make is in account.
Public safety also depends on the effectiveness of the police, the functioning of the judiciary, State policies and social conditions. The debate over the impact of poverty in public insecurity is polemical, although most specialists establish a relationship between the poverty rate and the amount of crimes.
Definition of selfishnessThe term selfishness means excessive love and without measure that we feel for ourselves and which makes that it is ensured that its own interests. In other words, the selfish plug the interest and well-being of others. All it does is still based on its absolute discretion.
The concept derives from the ego, of after psychology, is the psychic body through which an individual becomes aware of its own identity and is recognized as 'me '. The ego is what is in the middle of the reality of the physical world, pulses of the subject and its ideals.
Selfishness is thus a concept opposed to altruism. The altruistic person sacrifices his own well-being for the benefit of others; that is, it places the welfare of others above his own.
For example: a group of three hungry people are facing a table on which there are two sandwiches. Without hesitation, the selfish will eat one of the sandwiches quickly enough to avoid having to share it with the other two. The altruistic, on the other hand, will let others eat their fill and eventually eat anything at all.
There are many types of selfishness. Psychological egoism is a theory which States that human conduct is stimulated by auto-interessees motives. Ethical egoism considers that people help others provided they can enjoy it later (the aid represents a way to get something beneficial). Rational selfishness, moreover, ensures that the pursuit of self-interest is the result of the use of reason.
Definition of humanismThe concept of humanism has several meanings. It is, for example, the doctrine based on the integration of human values. Likewise, humanism is a movement of the Renaissance who proposes to turn the Greek culture to restore human values.
Humanism, in general, is a behavior or attitude that exalts the human kind. Under this design, art, culture, sport and general human activities become very important.
There are instead of saying that humanism is seeking transcendence of humans as a species. It is an anthropocentric doctrine where the man is the measure of all things. Social organization therefore wants to be developed from human well-being. This current opposes the medieval theocentrism, where God was the center of life.
Humanism attaches particular importance to the values and acknowledges their existence, such as the prestige, power and glory, while they were the subject of criticism by Christian morality and were also considered of sins. Unlike the religious doctrines, humanism makes man an object of faith, knowing that once the faith did belong only to God.
As an intellectual movement appeared in Europe in the 15th century, humanism favoured the integral formation of persons. That said, the humanists had the habit to share experiences and discuss them.
Humanism opposes excessive insofar as it is against everything that is superficial, narcissism and what does not belong to human dignity. Objectification of the human as a producer or consumer prejudice to its full development.
Definition of wellnessThe concept of welfare means the set of things that are needed to live well, such as: the money to satisfy material needs, health, time for leisure and healthy emotional relationships.
Given that the concept of good is subjective, welfare represents many things depending on the person in question. Some people attach great importance to the economic factor (for example, in the case where well-being, for them, has to do with being able to afford a modern car, flat screen TVs and clothing scratched), while the welfare of others join what is spiritual (be at peace with oneself, be close to God etc.).
Means health the State of complete physical, mental and social well-being. That said, welfare is, in general, the State of a person to the proper functioning of its psychic and somatic activity. As such, it is said that mental health is a State of well-being for everyone to realize its potential and do his best at work, family and society.
The welfare economics is a branch of the economy which has the main purpose to provide and make available services and the resources needed for a dignified life for all sectors of society.
Policy, it is rather left-wing parties and Socialist movements moderate adhering to capitalism that are most affected by the welfare economics. Liberal parties, on the other hand, more ensure the reduction of the State services as they consider that the free market is already distribute wealth to all social classes.
Definition of imageImage is a term that derives from the latin imāgo and refers to that figure, representation, the similarity in the appearance of something. For example: 'this image represents the fall of the Berlin wall', 'You are the living image of your father', 'I need an image to illustrate my idea.
An image is also the Visual representation of an object through techniques of photography, painting, drawing, video or other disciplines: «there, we see the picture from the moment suicide decided to throw out the window, top 8th floor of his building, "the objective of my camera has captured a surprising picture about the life of wild lions.
In another sense, this concept is linked to the religious images or sacred, namely, statues, paintings (paintings, portraits) or effigies of deities or saints: "thousands of people gather to pray before the image of our Lady of prayer", "criminals have destroyed the image of the Blessed Virgin Mary, which illuminated the village chapel".
An optical image is formed figure in the set of points where converge the rays from some sources at the moment they interact with the optical system. As such, it is worth mentioning the actual image (formed when the beams of light are convergent) and the virtual image (which is formed when the rays diverge after passing by the optical system).
Finally, means corporate image all the qualities that consumers attribute to a company. This is, so to speak, the company accounts for the company.
The definitions are based on information published on line consulted on the website:Enciclopedia Universal Micronet: (web) http://www.enciclonet.com/ (spanish)
Encyclopædia Britannica: (web) http://www.britannica.es/products/online/EnciclopediaModerna.html (spanish).