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Highlights of Deuteronomy 28 – 31 - Theocratic Ministry School

Study information for Theocratic Ministry School

Bible reading: Deuteronomy 28-31 (10 min.)

(Deuteronomy 28:1)

“And if you will without fail listen to the voice of Jehovah your God by being careful to do all his commandments that I am commanding you today, Jehovah your God will certainly put you high above all other nations of the earth.

*** w95 12/15 p. 26 Righteousness Exalts a Nation ***
Ancient Israel was God’s chosen nation. He gave them his laws and told them that if they obeyed his voice, he would place them “high above all other nations of the earth.”
(Deuteronomy 28:1)
It was not Israel’s own righteousness but Jehovah’s righteousness that exalted them. The commandments that God gave them were far superior to the laws of the nations around them. As a people, they were just as imperfect as all those nations. Hence, to Jehovah’s superior Law and their strict adherence to it go the credit for their being lifted up above the nations. When they obeyed Jehovah’s laws, they enjoyed his favor and blessing. King Solomon experienced this during his reign. He could say: “Righteousness is what exalts a nation, but,” he warned, “sin is something disgraceful to national groups.”—Proverbs 14:34.

(Deuteronomy 28:2)

All these blessings will come upon you and overtake you, because you keep listening to the voice of Jehovah your God:

*** w10 9/15 p. 8 par. 3 Earnestly Seek Jehovah’s Blessing ***
(Deut. 28:1, 2) Jehovah’s blessings would not just come upon God’s people but would “overtake” them. For those obedient ones, the blessings would be absolutely certain.


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Observing the Origins of the Cosmos | Solar System and Universe

Since its origins, the human species has observed the sky. First directly, and then with increasingly powerful instruments.

Ancient civilizations grouped the stars forming figures. Our constellations were invented in the Eastern Mediterranean about 2,500 years ago. Represent animals and myths of place and time. People believed that the heavenly bodies influenced the lives of kings and subjects. The study of the stars was mixed with superstitions and rituals familiar. Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra , Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricorn, Aquarius and Pisces.

In the early seventeenth century, the telescope was invented. First lenses, mirrors after, also combinations of both were used. There are currently very high resolution telescopes such as the VLT consists of four synchronized telescopes.

The Hubble Space Telescope (HST), located in orbit, capture and send images and data without the distortion caused by the atmosphere.

Radio telescopes detect radiation very different wavelengths. They work in groups using a technique called interferometry.

Photography, computers, communications and, in general, the technical advances of recent years have helped greatly to astronomy.

Thanks to the spectra produced by the decomposition of light, we can learn detailed information about the chemical composition of a object. It also applies to the Universe.

A recent discovery, gravitational lenses, take advantage of the fact that objects with mass can deflect light rays. If a group of bodies located with appropriate settings, acts like a lens and displays potent in the center, distant objects that we could not see.

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Who made the laws of the Universe? What are these laws? | Solar System and Universe

Kepler's Laws

These three laws concerning the movements of the planets made by the German astronomer Johannes Kepler in the early seventeenth century. Kepler based his laws on planetary data collected by the Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe, who was assistant. His proposals broke with a centuries-old belief that the planets moved in circular orbits.

First law: The planets orbit the Sun in elliptical orbits in which the Sun occupies one focus of the ellipse Law.

Swept by the line joining the Sun to the planet (radius vector) areas are proportional to the times used to describe them. Consequently, the closer the planet from the Sun faster moving Law.

The squares of the sidereal periods of revolution of the planets around the sun are proportional to the cubes of the semimajor axes of their elliptical orbits. This allows to deduce that the farthest planets orbit the Sun more slowly than nearby; says that the period of revolution depends on the distance to the sun.

These laws have played an important role in the work of the astronomer, English mathematician and physicist Isaac Newton seventeenth century, and are fundamental to understanding the orbital paths of the Moon and satellites artificial.

Universal Gravitation

Gravitation is the property of mutual attraction possessed by all objects composed of matter. Sometimes it is used as the term "gravity", but this refers only to the gravitational force exerted by

Earth's gravity is one of the four basic forces that control the interactions of matter. So far have had no attempts to detect gravitational waves, as suggested by the theory of relativity could be observed when the gravitational field of a massive object is disturbed.

The law of gravitation, formulated by Isaac Newton in 1684, states that the gravitational attraction between two bodies is directly proportional to the product their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.

The Doppler effect

Varying the wavelength of light, electromagnetic radiation and sound of bodies reports its movement.

When a vehicle approaches its sharpest hear when engine goes away. Similarly, when a star or galaxy is approaching, the spectrum shifts to the blue, and if they walk away, toward the red.

For now, all observed galaxies are shifted towards the red, ie, away from here.

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What are the measures of the Universe? How is it measured? | Solar System and Universe


Mass is the amount of matter in an object

volume. It is the space occupied by an object

density. It is calculated by dividing the mass of an object by its volume

temperature. The amount of heat an object. The coldest temperature in the universe is 273 ° C below zero (0 ° Kelvin), which is not having any energy.

Units for measuring distances

Measuring the Universe is complicated. They often do not serve the usual units. The distances, time and forces are huge and, as is evident, can not be measured directly.

To measure the distance to nearby stars parallax technique is used. This is the angle measuring distant objects, the observed star and the Earth, at two opposite points of its orbit around the sun.

The diameter of Earth's orbit is 300 million miles. Using trigonometry we can calculate the distance to the star. This technique, however, not suitable for distant objects, perque the angle is too small and the margin of error is very high.

The brightness of the stars

The brightness (stellar magnitude) is a system of measurement in which each quantity is 2,512 times brighter than the next. A magnitude 1 star is 100 times brighter than a magnitude 6. The brightest have negative magnitudes.

There are only 20 stars of magnitude less than or equal to 1. The faintest star that has been observed has a magnitude of 23.


Declination is the measure, in degrees, of the angle of an object in the sky above or below the celestial Ecuador.

Each object describes an apparent "circle of decline." The distance, in hours, from there to the reference circle (passing through the poles and the position of the Earth at the beginning of spring) is the ascension of the object.

Combining the ascension, declination and distance determines position Earth on an object.


Wavelength is the distance between crests of light, electromagnetic wave or the like. A shorter, more frequently. Their study provides extensive data on space.

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What are constellations? What was its origin? | Solar System and Universe

The stars that can be seen on a clear night are some figures we call "constellations", and used to help locate the position of the stars. In all there are 88 groupings of stars that appear on the celestial sphere and taking its name from religious or mythological figures, animals or objects. This term also refers to defined areas of the celestial sphere comprising groups named stars.

Drawings oldest known constellations indicate that the constellations had been established about 4000 BC The Sumerians gave the name to the constellation Aquarius, in honor of their god An, who pours the water of immortality on Earth. The Babylonians had divided the zodiac into 12 equal signs to 450 BC

The current constellations of the northern hemisphere who knew little of the Chaldeans and Egyptians differ. Homer and Hesiod mentioned the constellations and the Greek poet Aratus of Soli, gave a verse description of 44 constellations in his Phaenomena. Ptolemy, Greek astronomer and mathematician, in the Almagest, described 48 constellations, of which 47 are still know by the same name.

Many other cultures grouped stars into constellations, although not siempres correspond to those of the West. However, some Chinese constellations resemble Western, which suggests the possibility of a common origin.

In the late sixteenth century, the first European explorers of the South Seas drew maps of the southern hemisphere. The Dutch navigator Pieter Dirckz Keyser, who participated in the exploration of the East Indies in 1595 added new constellations. Later were added other southern constellations by German astronomer Johann Bayer, published the first comprehensive sky atlas hemisphere.

Many other proposed new constellations, but astronomers finally agreed on a list of 88. However, the boundaries of the constellations remained . subject of discussion until 1930, when the International Astronomical Union set these limits

to designate approximately 1,300 bright stars, the genitive of the constellation name, preceded by a Greek letter is used; This system was introduced by Johann Bayer. For example, the famous star Algol in the constellation Perseus, is called Beta Persei.
Among the best known constellations are those found in the plane of the orbit of the Earth on the background of fixed stars. Are constellations of the Zodiac. Besides these, some are well known Southern Cross, visible from the hemisferiosur, and Ursa Major, visible from the northern hemisphere. These and other constellations used to locate the position of important landmarks, such as, the celestial poles.

The largest constellation of the celestial sphere is the Hydra, which contains 68 stars visible to the naked eye. The Southern Cross, meanwhile, is the smallest constellation.

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