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Non-renewable resources, theology, contamination, dialogue, nature, public safety, selfishness, humanism, well-being, image, Definitions and meanings


Meanings, definitions, concepts of daily use

Dictionary of Definitions, Concepts and meanings of daily use


Definitions, Concepts and meanings:

  1. Definition of non-renewable resources
  2. Definition of theology
  3. Definition of contamination
  4. Definition of dialogue
  5. Definition of nature
  6. Definition of public security
  7. Definition of selfishness
  8. Definition of humanism
  9. Definition of wellness
  10. Definition of image
Note: This article contains information translated for educational purposes. Any translation of this site can be imprecise and inaccurate.


1

Definition of non-renewable resources

The goods and services offered by the nature of direct (i.e., when human intervention is not required) are known as the natural resources. This set can be divided between the renewed (which can regenerate provided that the operation is not excessive) and non-renewed resources or exhaustible resources.
Non-renewed resources are those with reservations inevitably ending one day or another, being given that they cannot be produced, grown or regenerated to support their consumption rates. In other words, the consumption of non-renewed resources is greater than the capacity of nature to recreate them.
As an example of non-renewed resources, we will quote the oil. Once the oil reserves will be exhausted, it will not be possible to get this oleaginous natural liquid. Experts say that, nothing that to see the current rate of extraction and if not new deposits, found the world of oil reserves will eventually run out in less than half a century.
Minerals are also part of the non-renewed resources. The mining industry is responsible for the extraction of minerals and other materials of the Earth's crust; mining involves blasting mountains and other similar activities that literally demolish the field. If more minerals remain in the pits, they are then abandoned.
Protection and replacement of non-renewed resources are some of the major tasks for environmental groups. Solar energy and wind energy, for example, are alternatives to the use of oil and hydrocarbons.



2

Definition of theology

The term theology derives from the word latin theologĭa. This word, in turn, comes from the Greek concept formed by theos ("God") and logos ('study'). Theology thus is the science which is the study of God and his attributes and perfections. This is a set of philosophical techniques that seek to achieve specific knowledge about the divine entities.
The term endorsed by Plato in 'The Republic'. The Greek philosopher used it to refer to the understanding of the divine nature through reason, unlike literary understanding. Later, Aristotle adopted the concept with both directions: theology as a fundamental branch of philosophy and theology as a denomination of mythological thinking immediately prior to philosophy.
Catholic theological knowledge, the object of direct study is God. Its real criteria are human reason and divine revelation, while the Church is perceived as a community of faith and Christianity. That said, the Church has the power to establish, in authorized manner, criteria for theological reflection.
The Catholic Church considers that theological knowledge is rational (given that theology is a science) whose object is given by revelation (Word of God), which, in turn, is transmitted and interpreted by the Church.
Catholic Theology is based on two mysteries: the Trinitarian mystery (Christian doctrine that explains the existence of one God in three different and identifiable persons: the father, the son and the Holy Spirit) and the mystery Christologique (the life of Jesus Christ, with his birth, his passion, his death and his resurrection).



3

Definition of contamination

The word contamination derives from the latin contaminatĭo and refers to the action and the effect of contamination. This verb, in turn, is used to refer to harmful alteration of purity or normal conditions a thing or a medium by the action of chemical or physical agents.
Figuratively, contaminate also means change the shape of a word or a text by the influence of another; pervert and corrupt the faith or customs; and desecrate or violate the law of God.
Pollution is the introduction of a pollutant in a any way. This term is often used in the field of ecology, especially as regards the contamination (or pollution) environmental, i.e. the presence in the environment of any (physical, chemical or biological) agent under places, ways, and concentrations that can harm the health, safety or well-being of the population.
The dynamics of pollutants is responsible for studying the action of these agents from the moment where they generate up to their final disposition. Among the phenomena of dynamics, we will mention the dispersion, concentration, transfer and transformation.
Regarding the classification of contamination on the basis of the affected way, we will quote air contamination, water contamination, contamination of soil and acoustic contamination, among others.
Finally, with regard to the classification of contamination based on environmental polluting method, it can be chemical, radioactive, thermal, electromagnetic and microbiological, for example.



4

Definition of dialogue

Pulling originated from the latin word dialŏgus which, in turn, derives from a Greek concept, a dialog is a conversation between two or more persons who manifest their ideas or conditions of alternative ways. In this sense, a dialogue is also a discussion or exchanges to reach an agreement.
OTHER hand, in a literary work, dialogue is the set of words that Exchange the characters between them. This kind of textual typology is used in the literature when two characters use the diegetic speech and act as interlocutors. It is also a literary work in the form of conversation which its author to expose his ideas through a character whose role is to contradict.
In its most common usage, the dialogue is a modality of oral and written speech by means of which people communicate with each other. It's an exchange of ideas by any means, direct or indirect.
The dialogue can also be a friendly conversation discussion violent. However, it is said that dialogue is an exchange of ideas where the thoughts of the other person are accepted and the participants are willing to change their own points of view. This is the reason for which there is a consensus on the need for dialogue, regardless of the context: the field of policy, for example.
It is said that those who lust for power and the authoritarian tend to overlook or even to exclude dialogue, because they want at any price that their truth is the only effective and that they discredit the opinions of opponents to strengthen their field.
Authentic dialogue tries to seek the truth and encourage knowledge without prejudice, contrary to the rhetoric which seeks to persuade and convince while manipulating opinion.



5

Definition of nature

The concept of nature to designate the phenomena of the physical world and life in general. The french dictionary by Editions Larousse recognizes fourteen definitions of the word, which proves how this term is broad.
The nature is, for example, gasoline and the characteristic properties of each being ('to feed their own children is in the nature of several animals'), all and available to any who composed the universe ("we have to protect nature"), virtue and the quality of the things ("it was noble and massive nature") and the strength of the natural activity Unlike what is miraculous or supernatural ("nature showed its strength with the avalanche that devastated the village").
The most common use of this term for all human beings living (beings humans, animals, plants) and phenomena that take place in a natural way, that is, without the intervention of human or through artificial means (rain or snow falls, for example).
In this sense, the planet Earth is home to nature. When ecology refers to the protection of nature, it comes to the conservation of human beings living and ecosystems that make up the planet.
The concept of ecosystem to describe a dynamic system with relative autonomy, formed a natural community and its corresponding physical medium. The ecosystem includes interactions between organisms forming said community and flows of energy and materials that the traverse.



6

Definition of public security

Public safety implies that citizens of a region can coexist in harmony, where everyone respects the individual rights of others. The State is the guarantor of public security and the great leader when it comes to avoid alterations in the social order.
In this sense, public safety is a service that must be universal (all persons are entitled) to protect the physical integrity of the citizens and their property. To do this, there are public safety (such as the police and the armed forces) forces, who work in collaboration with the judicial power.
The public security forces are intended to prevent any kind of crimes and punish current once. It is theirs to prosecute offenders and to deliver justice, which will establish the corresponding penalties in accordance with the law.
In general, cities have important public safety problems because they have large levels of crime. On the other hand, small villages tend to offer better public safety.
This should be, in a certain way, to the massiveness, given that millions of people in a big city become anonymous (almost nobody does is knows). In the villages and in the countryside, it is less likely that someone could commit a crime without that person does make is in account.
Public safety also depends on the effectiveness of the police, the functioning of the judiciary, State policies and social conditions. The debate over the impact of poverty in public insecurity is polemical, although most specialists establish a relationship between the poverty rate and the amount of crimes.



7

Definition of selfishness

The term selfishness means excessive love and without measure that we feel for ourselves and which makes that it is ensured that its own interests. In other words, the selfish plug the interest and well-being of others. All it does is still based on its absolute discretion.
The concept derives from the ego, of after psychology, is the psychic body through which an individual becomes aware of its own identity and is recognized as 'me '. The ego is what is in the middle of the reality of the physical world, pulses of the subject and its ideals.
Selfishness is thus a concept opposed to altruism. The altruistic person sacrifices his own well-being for the benefit of others; that is, it places the welfare of others above his own.
For example: a group of three hungry people are facing a table on which there are two sandwiches. Without hesitation, the selfish will eat one of the sandwiches quickly enough to avoid having to share it with the other two. The altruistic, on the other hand, will let others eat their fill and eventually eat anything at all.
There are many types of selfishness. Psychological egoism is a theory which States that human conduct is stimulated by auto-interessees motives. Ethical egoism considers that people help others provided they can enjoy it later (the aid represents a way to get something beneficial). Rational selfishness, moreover, ensures that the pursuit of self-interest is the result of the use of reason.



8

Definition of humanism

The concept of humanism has several meanings. It is, for example, the doctrine based on the integration of human values. Likewise, humanism is a movement of the Renaissance who proposes to turn the Greek culture to restore human values.
Humanism, in general, is a behavior or attitude that exalts the human kind. Under this design, art, culture, sport and general human activities become very important.
There are instead of saying that humanism is seeking transcendence of humans as a species. It is an anthropocentric doctrine where the man is the measure of all things. Social organization therefore wants to be developed from human well-being. This current opposes the medieval theocentrism, where God was the center of life.
Humanism attaches particular importance to the values and acknowledges their existence, such as the prestige, power and glory, while they were the subject of criticism by Christian morality and were also considered of sins. Unlike the religious doctrines, humanism makes man an object of faith, knowing that once the faith did belong only to God.
As an intellectual movement appeared in Europe in the 15th century, humanism favoured the integral formation of persons. That said, the humanists had the habit to share experiences and discuss them.
Humanism opposes excessive insofar as it is against everything that is superficial, narcissism and what does not belong to human dignity. Objectification of the human as a producer or consumer prejudice to its full development.



9

Definition of wellness

The concept of welfare means the set of things that are needed to live well, such as: the money to satisfy material needs, health, time for leisure and healthy emotional relationships.
Given that the concept of good is subjective, welfare represents many things depending on the person in question. Some people attach great importance to the economic factor (for example, in the case where well-being, for them, has to do with being able to afford a modern car, flat screen TVs and clothing scratched), while the welfare of others join what is spiritual (be at peace with oneself, be close to God etc.).
Means health the State of complete physical, mental and social well-being. That said, welfare is, in general, the State of a person to the proper functioning of its psychic and somatic activity. As such, it is said that mental health is a State of well-being for everyone to realize its potential and do his best at work, family and society.
The welfare economics is a branch of the economy which has the main purpose to provide and make available services and the resources needed for a dignified life for all sectors of society.
Policy, it is rather left-wing parties and Socialist movements moderate adhering to capitalism that are most affected by the welfare economics. Liberal parties, on the other hand, more ensure the reduction of the State services as they consider that the free market is already distribute wealth to all social classes.



10

Definition of image

Image is a term that derives from the latin imāgo and refers to that figure, representation, the similarity in the appearance of something. For example: 'this image represents the fall of the Berlin wall', 'You are the living image of your father', 'I need an image to illustrate my idea.
An image is also the Visual representation of an object through techniques of photography, painting, drawing, video or other disciplines: «there, we see the picture from the moment suicide decided to throw out the window, top 8th floor of his building, "the objective of my camera has captured a surprising picture about the life of wild lions.
In another sense, this concept is linked to the religious images or sacred, namely, statues, paintings (paintings, portraits) or effigies of deities or saints: "thousands of people gather to pray before the image of our Lady of prayer", "criminals have destroyed the image of the Blessed Virgin Mary, which illuminated the village chapel".
An optical image is formed figure in the set of points where converge the rays from some sources at the moment they interact with the optical system. As such, it is worth mentioning the actual image (formed when the beams of light are convergent) and the virtual image (which is formed when the rays diverge after passing by the optical system).
Finally, means corporate image all the qualities that consumers attribute to a company. This is, so to speak, the company accounts for the company.
The definitions are based on information published on line consulted on the website:
Enciclopedia Universal Micronet: (web) http://www.enciclonet.com/ (spanish)
Encyclopædia Britannica: (web) http://www.britannica.es/products/online/EnciclopediaModerna.html (spanish).

Grammar, computer revolution, feeling, ask, tangible, disease, polysemy, man, sensation, Definitions and meanings


Meanings, definitions, concepts of daily use

Dictionary of Definitions, Concepts and meanings of daily use


Definitions, Concepts and meanings:

  1. Definition of grammar
  2. Definition of revolution
  3. Definition of computer
  4. Definition of feeling
  5. Definition of application
  6. Definition of tangible
  7. Definition of disease
  8. Definition of polysemy
  9. Definition of human
  10. Definition of sensation
Note: This article contains information translated for educational purposes. Any translation of this site can be imprecise and inaccurate.


1

Definition of grammar

Grammar is the science that studies the elements of a language and its combinations. The concept derives from the term latin grammatĭca and means, on the other hand, the art to speak and write a language correctly.
Grammar is therefore the set of rules and principles governing the use of a specific language (each language has its own grammar). As a science, it is part of Linguistics.
The study of the language consists of four levels: the level of phonetic and phonological, syntactic and morphological lexicon level – and semantic and pragmatic level. Although the separation between these levels is not accurate, it tends to be restricted to the study of grammar at the syntactic and morphological levels.
Among the many types of grammar or approaches to the study of grammar, there is mention prescriptive or normative grammar (it presents, in an authoritarian manner, standards to use for a specific language while despising the non-standardised constructions), descriptive grammar (it describes the current use of a language, without judging prescriptive way), traditional grammar (ideas concerning grammar inherited from the Greece and Rome) , functional grammar (a general vision on the Organization of natural language), generative grammar (a formal approach on the syntactic study of languages) and formal grammar (which appears in computational linguistics).
The french, for example, is a so-called Romance language whose grammar is rich in time and modes, although more orally and in writing. On the other hand, some plurals and some people in the conjugation are most notable in writing.



2

Definition of revolution

The revolution is a change or a radical transformation from the immediate past, which may take place simultaneously in several areas (social, economic, cultural, religious, etc.). The revolutionary changes have transcendental repercussions and are perceived as being sudden and violent, because it's a breach of the established order. Revolutions arise as a result of historical processes and collective buildings.
The science of history established three major types of revolutions: political, social and economic.
The political revolution is the one by which the Government is replaced or by which the entire political system is modified. On the other hand, social relations (such as property) remain unalterable. For example of this type of revolutions, we will mention those that took place in Europe in 1848, when many popular events have spread at great speed.
The social revolution, on the other hand, is a transformation of the whole of the relations and everyday social interactions within a territorial vacated, either a city or a country. That said, the social revolutions alter property relations and transcend politics, such as the French Revolution of 1789 and the Soviet Revolution of 1917.
Finally, the economic revolution is the drastic change in the conditions of production, distribution and consumption of goods and services. In general, the term is used in the case of technological change, such as the Industrial Revolution (a new era is born through the use of new technologies, sources of energy, the invention of machinery and new means of transport, among other issues).



3

Definition of computer

The computer term is of French origin, implemented by engineer Philippe Dreyfus in the early 1960s. In turn, the word is an acronym of information and automatic.
Thus, computing refers to the automatic process of information through electronic devices and computational systems. Computer systems rely on the ability to perform three basic tasks: entry (uptake of information), processing and output (transmission of the results). All of these three tasks is known as the algorithm.
Computing gathers many techniques that man has developed to foster its capacity of thought, memory, and communication. Its application field has no limits: computing is used in business management, in information storage, in control of the process, in communications, in transportation, in medicine and in many sectors.
The computer also includes the major bases of the sciences of the computation, such as programming for the development of software (software), the architecture of computers and the equipment (hardware), networks such as the Internet and artificial intelligence. This applies also to several branches of electronics.
Considering that the first machine programmable, fully automatic history was the Z3 computer, designed by the German scientist Konrad Zuse in 1941. This machine weighed 1,000 kilograms and lasted three seconds to perform a multiplication or division. The additions and subtractions, on the other hand, were in 0.7 seconds.



4

Definition of feeling

A feeling is an emotional state that occurs by causes that impress. These causes can be cheerful and happy, or much painful and sad. The feeling appears as result of an emotion allowing the subject to be aware of his emotional state.
Feelings are linked to brain dynamics and determine how a person reacts to various events. It's the sensitivity compared to what we consider positive or negative pulses.
In other words, the feelings are even emotions that determine the emotional state. When feelings are healthy, the psychic State succeeds in happiness and brain dynamics flue in any normality. Otherwise, the mental state is not balanced and certain disorders can occur, such as depression.
Changes in emotional loads determine the characteristics of feelings. Emotions may be short-lived at the time, but generate feelings that persist for long periods.
The feelings can be positive when they promote good deeds, or harmful if they elicit from evil deeds. In the latter case, it is important that the man should be able to master his feelings and change. For example: A person who feels hatred is planning to carry out an assassination. It is essential that that person can control this feeling of hatred in order to prevent crime.
The person may in no case be guided only by his feelings, because they are intuitive and can therefore represent a lack of freedom for human beings or promote acts not reasoned, as mentioned in the last example.



5

Definition of application

The notion of application means a solicitation, a query, an adjuration or a third party. Who asks is seeking that something be given to him. For example: "the kidnapper asked a million Swiss francs to release the hostages", "the demand for dairy products has increases in recent years", "the Government request a greater effort by companies to prevent the progress of the disengagement."
In framework of law, demand is the petition that arguing it formula and justifies in a judgment. It is the written means by which actions are brought to justice, before a court or a judge: «The European Union presented a request to justice against Microsoft for monopoly activities», «the actor threatened file an application in response to those who publish photos of his son.
The applicant (one who makes a request to justice) should stick with many responsibilities. The judicial responsibility (of procedure) requires the payment of the costs of the judgment (the applicant must take care if his application is refused due to lack of basis), while liability takes place with the payment of compensation to the defendant (where the application is unfounded or includes an offensive posting). Then, criminal responsibility implies a criminal sanction and appears when the defendant commits an offence when a judicial procedure (such as the presentation of forged documents).
In the field of economy, demand is the quantity of a good or a service that consumers are willing to acquire according to its price in a market at a given time. We can talk about individual request (when it comes to a single consumer) or of total demand (with the participation of all consumers in a market).



6

Definition of tangible

Pulling its origin from the latin term tangibĭlis, the tangible Word to designate everything can be touched. In a broader sense, it also alludes to what may be perceived accurately (for example: "our management has managed to obtain tangible results in all areas").
What is tangible is therefore what is accessible to the touch, the sense allowing organizations to perceive the qualities of objects, such as the temperature, texture and hardness. The skin is the principal organ of the sense of touch, because it includes various nervous receptors which convert pulses from the outside in information that may be interpreted by the brain.
It is appropriate to say that the physical and concrete things are tangible: for example, a bed, a balloon or a computer. All these things are made of materials and can be touched by a person. When an individual passes his hand on a ball, nervous skin receptors arrive to capture information and transmit it to the brain.
On the other hand, abstract concepts, feelings and emotions are intangible. In these categories are love, happiness, sadness and emotion. Of course, these words can manifest in a tangible way (for example, a box of chocolates can be a tangible manifestation of love). Wind, smoke, and light are the things said intangible.
Finally, we will retain for the economy and finance, a tangible is a type of good or service purchased or sold between residents and non-residents of the same country. The compensation of this type of property is annotated on the trade balance.



7

Definition of disease

The disease name is given to any alteration of the ontological State of health caused by a condition in living beings. This State can be caused by many factors, which may be intrinsic or extrinsic to the sick body. These factors are said to be from the noxas (from the Greek nosos).
In everyday language, the disease is considered what is opposed to health: it is what is at the origin of an alteration or discomfort in the individual, whether at the molecular, physical, mental, emotional or spiritual level.
There are several science which is the study of diseases. Plant pathology, for example, is dedicated to the analysis of diseases affecting plants and other botanical genera. The pathologies that reach the animals, on the other hand, are studied by veterinary medicine. Medical science (medicine), in turn, is responsible for diseases of humans.
Thus, several branches of medicine are research on the characteristics that are unique to each entity, its components and processes developed over the morpho-physiological evidence caused on the biology of the sick organism.
Faced with the difficulty of defining in concrete that is a disease (given that each individual does based on his own experiences), there are several concepts that can be used, depending on the context, as synonyms: pathology, indisposition, suffering, abnormality, trouble, upset, disorder, imbalance and alteration, among others.
Concerning the definition of patient, the term is used to refer to the living being suffering from a disease, aware or not of his State. Also referred to the role of patient depending on the position assumed by an individual at the moment he is touched by a disease.



8

Definition of polysemy

Polysemy is the plurality of meaning of a word or any other sign language. The concept also refers to the plurality of meaning of a message beyond the nature of its signs.
Polysemy can appear for many reasons. On one hand, the imagery generates polysemy through metaphors and the metonymy. For example: the arm of a river, the legs of a table. Specialty language and technical language confer a meaning specific to certain terms (it is the case of the computer mouse, for example).
Foreign influence and trade of application are other conditions that favour the polysemy: take for example the term button who was born in the world of clothing and sewing and which is now part of the vocabulary of electronic gear.
Some polysemic words are Apple (which can be the fruit of the Apple tree or accessory shower device through which the water runs), because (the conjunction that coordinates two proposals or the vehicle intended for the transport of tourists), rule (the instrument which is used to draw straight lines and measure or requirement/standard or, in the plural, menstruation) and the body (part of the body or institution to operate some services State or corporate).
Examples of words using the polysemy:
"I love drink my tea with a round of lemon.
"Now, draw me a circle".
"I do not have a round" (don't have money)



9

Definition of human

The term man has several meanings. It can be used to designate the hominids, every human male or in a historical context, humans in general, being without distinction of gender (for example, in phrases like "human was nomadic and migrated looking for food to feed").
In normal use, the word man identifies persons belonging to the male gender, the human male.
Obviously the man has its own biological and psychological qualities that distinguish it from the woman. Among of others, we will mention the testosterone, androgen hormone own masculine that allows to develop the muscles with little effort. Women produce the same hormone, but in smaller quantities.
Furthermore, male reproductive gives man the ability to fertilize the female egg and transmit genetic information using the sperm cell. Major human sexual organs are external, unlike those of women, which are internal.
Among other features that distinguish man from the woman, there is mention more serious tone, the larger (it is larger), growth of hair on the face, a great body volume, a greater tendency to baldness and a thicker skin.
We underline that beyond reaches social development, in general, men have a life expectancy shorter than women, who live an average of 7 years older than them.



10

Definition of sensation

The word sensation derives from the term latin sensatĭo. The treasure of the French-language computerised (TLFi) recognizes several senses and accept this concept. Thus, there are instead of saying that the sensation is printing produces a thing through the senses, the surprise effect caused by something ("my new jacket made sensation at the feast") or the feeling that something is going to happen ("I have the feeling that this case is in the Pocket!").
Concerning his relationship with the senses, a feeling is the immediate response of sensory organs facing a pulse. Sensory receptors are the eyes, ears, nose, mouth and skin.
The body is able to interpret the information it receives through the senses thanks to perception, a psychological function that the first cognitive process.
The sensation is thus given by the immediate response of the organs of the senses with a pulse. Perception, on the other hand, is the interpretation of these sensations, giving meaning and by organizing them.
For example: when listening to a musician playing the guitar, the characteristics of the tones and volume are sensations. If listening to the notes, it recognizes that they are part of a particular song, there is a perceptual process.
Finally, he has noted that the thermal sensation is the apparent feeling that have people depending on some parameters which determine the environment where they are located. The thermal sensation also depends on personal settings, such as the metabolic index (the heat produced by the body) among others.
The definitions are based on information published on line consulted on the website:
Enciclopedia Universal Micronet: (web) http://www.enciclonet.com/ (spanish)
Encyclopædia Britannica: (web) http://www.britannica.es/products/online/EnciclopediaModerna.html (spanish).

Social perception, Chronicle, industrial psychology, drawing, private law, Inalienable, criminal law, semantics, osmosis, Relations Internationales, Definitions and meanings


Meanings, definitions, concepts of daily use

Dictionary of Definitions, Concepts and meanings of daily use


Definitions, Concepts and meanings:

  1. Definition of social perception
  2. Definition of chronic
  3. Definition of industrial psychology
  4. Drawing definition
  5. Definition of private law
  6. Definition of inalienable
  7. Definition of criminal law
  8. Definition of semantics
  9. Definition of osmosis
  10. Definition of international relations
Note: This article contains information translated for educational purposes. Any translation of this site can be imprecise and inaccurate.


1

Definition of social perception

The social perception is the study of the social influences on perception. It is worth mentioning that the same qualities can cause different impressions because they interact between them dynamically.
The prints have a certain structure, where there are central qualities and peripheral qualities. Each of the parties form a whole; omit or add a quality change the overall perception.
In the case of the perception of people, several factors have influence on perception: expectations compared to the person with which it interacts, the motivations (which are the man who perceives meets the other what he would like to meet), goals (they have influence on the way how the information is processed), familiarity and experience.
There are several effects that change the social perception. Depending on the value of the pulse, a perceptual enhancement may take place (when the value of a pulse is large, it is perceived more great than it is) or the Halo effect (if a person is seen positively about some of its features, it then will tend to produce a distortion in the perception of itself and to see themselves in a positive way for what happened to her other features).
According to the emotional significance of the impulse, the perceptual defense (against threatening impulses) or the perceptive perceptive (facing pulses to meet a need or proving advantageous).
The stereotype (assigning attributes based on group identity), bias (the individual way to make judgments on people or things while moving away from the common social perception) and projection (the effect of own emotions when assessing persons or situations) are also the effects changed the perception.



2

Definition of chronic

The chronic word derives from the latin chronĭca, which in turn derives from the Greek kronika biblios ("books that follow the order of time"). This refers to a story in which the facts follow chronological order, after the Editions Larousse French dictionary.
A chronicle is, moreover, a topic of print or audiovisual media information (radio or televises) devoted to news in a particular area.
In another context, this term includes all the values taken by a statistical variable at different successive periods.
Concerning diseases, the concept of Chronicle then derives from the latin chronĭcus and refers to what is usual or extends over time.
Chronic illness means any pathology of long duration which cannot provide the end or healing and may even be ever cured. There is no clear consensus on the period from which a disease may be considered chronic.
As a narrative, the Chronicle records the facts (or events) following the order of the time they took place, usually using face-to-face testimony or contemporaries, to the first or third person.
The Chronicles are supposed to use a simple, direct and personal language with a reiterative use of adjectives to the descriptions highlight. On the other hand, they are space and time, although references only with a certain gap time (or offset) compared to historical accounts.
On styles columnist who compiles and who writes past or current events.



3

Definition of industrial psychology

From the Greek ('soul', 'mental activity') psico- and - logia ("study"), psychology is the science that studies mental processes in their three dimensions: cognitive, behavioral and emotional.
Over time, the psychology is divided into several branches and expertise. Scientific psychology, for example, seeks to measure the mental quantitatively and to establish links between the psychological and the physical.
Social Psychology (who studies how psychological processes determine the way how society and how cross social processes - they on human psychology), psychology of education (she analyzes human learning), psychology of sport (targeting behaviour during a sporting activity), (behavioral changes over time) developmental psychology, child psychology (the behaviour of the child) and the forensic psychology (psychological phenomena that incident on the legal lines) are other branches.
Industrial psychology, for its part, is the discipline that is intended to select, train and drive (monitor/supervise) workers in order to improve their performance at work. This specialisation thus analyses human behaviour towards industry and the business world.
To carry out its tasks, the industrial psychology separates individuals according to whether they are workers, managers, or consumers. Thus, it is able to ensure the particularities of their behaviour over the goal they have in the commercial universe.
Industrial psychology emerged following World War II, in support to the well-being in the workplace and to study the motivations and interpersonal relationships within organizations.



4

Drawing definition

Italian disegno drawing refers to tracing or linear outline of a building or of a figure. It is, for example, the original design of an object or a work intended for mass production. This term can also refer to a project or a plan, the provision of hatch, colors or up thumbnail sketches of animals and plants, and even objects in the form.
The concept of drawing is used in the context of the fine arts, engineering, architecture and number of creative disciplines. Thus, the drawing is the prior mental configuration process in the search for a solution. In other words, drawing consists of a vision represented graphically a future work.
That said, the drawing is to express the thought through drafts, of up thumbnail sketches, sketches and diagrams drawn on any medium. The Act draw can be consider as creativity (the Act of creation), innovation (when the object does not exist) or a modification of something that already existed (through abstraction, synthesis, order or processing).
One can make the difference between tense draw, which refers to the process of creation and development to produce a new object conforming to human uses, and the drawing noun, which concerns the final plan or proposal arising out of the Act of drawing (which can be expressed through a doodle, a model or a plan for example).
Experts defend the Act draw requires some functional and aesthetic considerations which, in turn, are intended to be studied, analyzed, modeled/retouched and adapted before the final production of the object.



5

Definition of private law

It belongs to the private law of governing the relationship between individuals raised in their name and benefit. It is a branch of law established by the civil law and the law of the Affairs of others.
Civil law governs relationships private citizens, generally to protect the interests of the individual in matters moral and heritage. In addition, the business law (or commercial law) regulates everything pertaining to the exercise of the profession of merchant (persons, acts, places and contracts).
Private law can be opposite, for analytical purposes, the public right, which studied the legal order of law between citizens and Government reports, and between many organizations connected to the public power.
However, we will retain that, in addition to govern relations between individuals, private law also regulates relations between citizens and the State when the latter acts as an individual and does not exercise public power.
The separation between private and law public ended para disappear over time, in particular from the moment where public administration began to outsource more of its activities in companies subject to private law.
The fundamental principles of private law are the autonomy of the will (each party made what it him please) and the principle of equality (subjects of law are on a footing of equality in respect of private acts).



6

Definition of inalienable

From the latin inalienabĭlis, inalienable means which cannot be disposed of (i.e., whose property cannot be transferred or transmitted to someone). Under the legislation, the inalienable cannot be sold or transferred.
Inalienable rights are fundamental rights that cannot be legitimately denied to a person. No Government or any authority only has the jurisdiction to refuse the rights of this nature, given that they are part of the essence of the person. Human rights are inalienable rights.
On the other hand, such rights are irrevocable. No one can get rid / separate from the inalienable rights or lose them, even if it is his will. For example: voluntary slavery does not exist. An individual cannot waive his freedom to voluntarily submit to the orders of someone else.
The inalienable rights are inherent in the individual by reason only of his human condition. There are no possible legal or no punishment that could deprive a human being to this type of rights since they are independent of any particular factor.
It is worth mentioning that human rights are non-negotiable, irrevocable and intransferables. In addition to be protected by many international laws, human rights are considered to be an ethical and moral basis to preserve the dignity of the people.
The Universal Declaration of human (UDHR) rights, which was adopted by the United Nations in 1948, brings together the inalienable rights of human beings human. The union of this statement and signed international covenants between the door country name of Charter international human rights.



7

Definition of criminal law

Pulling its origins in the latin word directum, the law refers to the principles of justice as part of the normative order of a society. Basic social relations, law is the set of standards which help to resolve conflicts arising out of human conduct.
Criminal law is the branch of law that determines and regulates the punishment of the crimes or offences while imposing certain penalties (such as the imprisonment in jail, for example).
It is possible to distinguish the right criminal objective (ius poenale), which concerns the same criminal legal norms, subjective criminal law (ius puniendi), which contemplates the imposition of sanctions on the authors who have adopted behaviors likely to create a serious disorder in society compared with the assumptions provided by the criminal law objective.
We know that it is for the right to control the activities of men who live in society and who have relations with other individuals. Thus, the law seeks to protect the social peace with standards that are imposed by the authority, which, in turn, has the monopoly of the use of force.
The main objective of criminal law is to promote/encourage the respect for legal property (all goods vital for the community or the individual). To do this, it prohibited actions aimed to hit or threaten a legal asset. That criminal law is not able to do, is to ensure that some effects take place.
The State has two instruments to respond to the crime: security measures (the aim is prevention) and penalties (which provide for punishment). The sentence implies a restriction on the rights of the person in charge.



8

Definition of semantics

Semantics is derived from a Greek word which can be translated as "the art of the meaning. It's what belongs or relates to the significance / meaning of the words to. By extension, means semantics the study of means of linguistic signs and their joints.
Thus, the semantics is associated with the signified, the meaning and the interpretation of the words, expressions or symbols. All means of expression represent a correspondence between expressions and certain situations or things, which may be material or abstract world. In other words, the thoughts and the reality can be described through expressions analyzed by the semantics.
Linguistic semantics studies the codification of the signified in the context of linguistic expressions. It can be divided into structural and semantic semantics lexical. Denotation (the relationship between a Word and what it means) and the connotation (the relationship between a Word and its means following certain experiences and the context) are objects of interest of semantics.
The study of the referent (what the word denotes, as a proper noun or a common noun) and sense (the mental image that creates the referent) are also part of the language semantics.
Logical semantics, on the other hand, is responsible for the analysis of the logical problems of significance. To do this, she studied the signs (parentheses, quantifiers, etc.), variables and constants, predicates and the rules.
Then the semantics in cognitive science focuses on the psychic mechanism between the interlocutors in the communicative process. The human mind (spirit) established permanent relations between the combinations of signs and other external factors introducing a meant.



9

Definition of osmosis

Osmosis is a physical-chemical phenomenon that concerns the transfer of solvent, but not solute between two different concentration solutions separated by a semipermeable membrane. Osmosis is a biological phenomenon important for cell physiology of living organisms.
Semi-permeable membrane means any one that contains pores of molecular size. Because the pore size is tiny, they let small molecules but not large. If one of these membranes separates a liquid in two distributions, for example, one of pure water and a water with sugar, many phenomena take place (see the concepts of electrochemical potential and single scattering).
The chemical potential of the components of a solution are less numerous than the sum of the potential of these components when they are not related in the solution. This imbalance results in a production of a stream of solvent particles to the area of most small potential, so-called measurable osmotic pressure in atmospheric pressure. The solvent eventually flow to the solute so that this potential is balanced, or hydrostatic pressure balances the osmotic pressure.
As a final result, water goes from low concentration to high concentration area and vice versa, with a greater net flow of water molecules that move from low concentration to high concentration area.
Furthermore, the concept of osmosis is used to designate the reciprocal influence between two people or groups of people, especially with regard to their ideas.



10

Definition of international relations

International relations constitute the field of political science discipline and focus on relations among States and between States and other institutions belonging to the international system. It is an interdisciplinary field where aggregate policy, law, economics and history, for example.
Until the first world war, international politics took place primarily through diplomacy. Following this conflict, a new perspective of international relations has occurred to find systematic ways to prevent any event related to the wars.
There are several theories in international relations. For example, Woodrow Wilson was the proponent of political idealism, that human nature is altruistic and people are able to help each other and collaborate with each other.
Political realism, on the other hand, grew about perceiving history as the result of the nature of the fact lusting for power and to wish the domination of other human beings. In other words, it cannot eradicate the instinct by the power.
Structural realism believes that it is possible to use the war to achieve peace, where the concept of pre-emptive war. Neo-liberalism, for its part, minimizes the role of the State and found that international relations should be resolved by international organizations and NGOs.
These theories and other match when it comes to designing the policies and institutions that govern international relations. That said, there are many currents of thought that eventually set the international agenda.
The definitions are based on information published on line consulted on the website:
Enciclopedia Universal Micronet: (web) http://www.enciclonet.com/ (spanish)
Encyclopædia Britannica: (web) http://www.britannica.es/products/online/EnciclopediaModerna.html (spanish).

Testing, marketing, epilogue, stimulus, about, semiology, interdisciplinarity, artificial ecosystem, molecular weight, Concept of educational psychology, Definitions and meanings


Meanings, definitions, concepts of daily use

Dictionary of Definitions, Concepts and meanings of daily use


Definitions, Concepts and meanings:

  1. Definition of test
  2. Definition of marketing
  3. Definition of epilogue
  4. Definition of stimulus
  5. Definition of words
  6. Definition of semiotics
  7. Definition of interdisciplinarity
  8. Definition of artificial ecosystem
  9. Definition of molecular weight
  10. Concept of educational psychology
Note: This article contains information translated for educational purposes. Any translation of this site can be imprecise and inaccurate.


1

Definition of test

The test Word has several meanings. It uses it, for example, to define the representation of a play or of a musical production before be exhibited on stage in the presence of the public, or the first production of a beginner in a particular area. There are also scientific tests, which are experimental evaluation of a product, a drug or a technique to enhance its effectiveness and safety, as well as chemical tests, which measure the concentration or any property of a substance or a material.
The test is also a literary genre that fits in the didactics, having received a strong influence of liberalism and the journalism. FROM after the Spanish philosopher José Ortega y Gasset, the test is "the science without explicit proof."
It is said that the test has its origins in kind epidictique of ancient Greco-Roman oratory art, with which it shares several features: free theme, simple and natural style, subjectivity, mixture of many elements (quotations, anecdotes, proverbs) and non-systematisme (there is no order in advance, unlike the informational text), of others. The french writer Michel de Montaigne was one of the most important pilot of the kind essayist of his time, from the publication of "Testing" in the year 1580.
The basic structure of the test contemplates three main stages: the introduction (in which are presented the theme and the thesis or the opinion of the author), development (where is sustained and proven theory) and the conclusion (the theme is comprehensive with basic presentations).
Speech, the news and the essay are didactic genres associated with the test.


2

Definition of marketing

Marketing (or marketing) refers to the set of principles and practices carried out with the aim of expanding trade, particularly the demand (supply versus demand). The concept also refers to the study of the procedures and resources pursuing this end.
Marketing includes the analysis of the commercial management of the companies. The objective is the attention of current customers having an organization and retain them, while trying to target potential or even of new buyers.
Techniques and marketing methodologies are designed provide the tools to conquer a market. To do this, they must answer the questions known as the "4 P's": product, price, Place (distribution) and advertising (or promotion).
Marketing is designed to position a product or brand in memory of consumers. To do this, it is based needs client to design, execute and control the activities of a company marketing.
Marketing campaigns involve an investment in the relationship of the company with its customers, its suppliers including its own employees. They may include advertisements through the media. That said, the actions of marketing can be considered from the point of view of profitability in the short or long term.
After experts, marketing can have several guidelines, namely: the market (to suit the characteristics of a product the expectations and requirements of the consumer), sales (the purpose is to strengthen the presence and participation of the company in the market) or product (where the company already has a monopoly on the market and that the sole purpose of improving the production process).


3

Definition of epilogue

The term epilogue comes from the latin epilŏgus, which in turn is taken from a Greek word. This is a summary of what has been written in a literary composition or of what was said during a speech. The term is also used to refer to the latter part of some books due to be removed previous parties, and referring to events related to the main action (sometimes long and confusing).
For example: a book about the novel between a millionaire man and a poor woman. The plot focuses on the complications of this relationship and all the constraints they must surpass in order to enjoy their love. In the last chapter of the book, the couple married and live in a house in the middle of the mountains. The epilogue of the book, which is a kind of denouement to the main story, says that this couple has three children and the family leads a happy and peaceful life.
The epilog may also designate additional notes not belonging to the major events that are told throughout history. A book that analyzes the history of the Peronist movement, for example, might include an epilogue that adds information about the international situation in this historical context. These data would naturally relate to peronism but could also provide a general framework for the reader.


4

Definition of stimulus

The concept of stimulus has its origins in the latin stimŭlus. Refers to the physical, chemical, mechanical agent or of another type that raises a functional response on an organism.
In general, we can say that a stimulus is having an impact on a system. In the case of human beings live, the stimulus is what generates a response or reaction of the organism.
The concept of stimulus is related to the verb "stimulate", which means to encourage the implementation of something or revive activity, an operation or a function. For example, an economic stimulus (receive an increase, for example) is a kind of extra motivation for a worker; a sound stimulus, moreover, can be the starting point for a skill.
For psychology, a conditioning stimulus is what induces a response by association to a unconditioned stimulus. On the other hand, is one who induces a response without the need of learning, i.e., of course.
It is worth mentioning that, often, the stimulus has result a response, which is also a reply (response) in an application.
Moreover, the stimulus-response scheme is one that describes a statistical unit where a quantitative response to a quantitative stimulus administered by the researcher is issued. These research are designed to establish a mathematical function to describe the relationship f between the stimulus x and the expected response value y.


5

Definition of words

From the latin proposĭtum, is intend to do or not to do a thing any or the goal that it set itself. For example: 'don't worry, it is not in our words annoy you', 'I see any where you want to come. What is your purpose? ","I do my home work in the remarks to sell at a higher price".
The purpose is, so to speak, a goal, a purpose (what we want do/one goal proposed): «my remarks is to finish my studies in two years and go to America looking for a job in the world of technology» 'Society has been forced to lay off 20 workers in the remarks to reduce its costs.', ' I'll do my best to finish this work more quickly: my purpose is to be available this afternoon to visit my grandmother.
Moreover, this term is very used in the form of expressions. We will retain, for example, 'about (de)' and ' appropriateness (de). The first concerns the subject/theme are talking: about the leakage of water, I wanted just you talk about. I have a solution for you. "The second means that comes at the right time or quality of someone who is appropriately ' you really a spirit of appropriateness, you! You couldn't move without requesting an increase to your boss... ».
In the plural, it's lyrics tell or made during a conversation.
At a more profound and transcendental level, the purpose of a human being is the meaning he gives to his life. Who am I? WHERE I come? Why am I here? and where am I going? are some of the questions to which men are trying to respond to meet/find their vital connection.


6

Definition of semiotics

Semiotics is the science to the study of signs in social life. The term tends to be used as a synonym for semiotics although some scholars make a distinction between the two words.
We can say that semiology deals of all studies related to the analysis of the signs, as well (linked to the semantics and writing) language as semiotics (signs human and nature).
Switzerland Ferdinand de Saussure (1857-1913) was one of the main theorists of the linguistic sign, that defined as the most important association in human communication. For Saussure, the sign is formed para one meaning (the acoustic image of a Word) and a signified (mental representation, the idea that one has compared a word any).
The American Charles Peirce (1839-1914), for its part, has defined the sign as an entity in three sides, namely, the signifier (hardware support), the signified (mental image) and the referent (the real or imaginary object to which the sign refers).
After the semiology, the linguistic sign has four basic characteristics: arbitrariness, the linear character, immutability and mutability.
Among the branches of semiotics, we will retain the medical semiology (in medicine, the study of signs by which a disease manifests), zoosemiotics (across the exchange of signals between animals, animal communication), cultural semiotics (the study of meaning systems created a culture) and the Visual semiotics (the study of the levels of reading of the works of art from many techniques or disciplines).


7

Definition of interdisciplinarity

Interdisciplinarity is the character of what is interdisciplinary (which is carried out with the cooperation of several scientific disciplines). The term was named by the sociologist Louis Wang and was published for the first time in 1937.
Interdisciplinarity assumes the existence of a set of related disciplines and whose relationships are defined, avoiding to develop their activities in isolation, disperse or split. It is a dynamic process which seeks to solve many problems of research.
The importance of interdisciplinarity appeared with scientific development and even, giving rise to many scientific branches. This dynamic has been the need to integrate situations and aspects to generate knowledge is increasingly large.
Thanks to interdisciplinarity, the object of study is addressed comprehensively and the development of new methodological approaches for the resolution of issues is stimulated.
In other words, interdisciplinarity is a methodological framework which consists of the systematic search for integration of theories, instruments and formulas in scientific action from different disciplines, since a multi-dimensional conception of phenomena and events.
As an example of interdisciplinary science, we will quote the Oceanography, who devoted himself to the study of biological, physical, geological and chemical processes taking place in the oceans and seas. It is also the Biomathematics, an interdisciplinary field of science in which mathematics explain phenomena, processes or events associated with the medicine or biology.
However, nowadays, all sciences rely more or less on interdisciplinarity in order to grow.


8

Definition of artificial ecosystem

An ecosystem is a specific environment where the vital processes of a group of beings living are interdependent. Biotic factors (such as animals, plants and microorganisms) and abiotic factors (air, water) are part of this shared environment.
Interdependent bodies that make up this unit establish food chains, which are currents of energy and nutrients produced by the nutrition (a species feeds on one preceding him in the chain, and in turn, it serves food to the next).
The concept of ecosystem, in general, is associated with the natural ecosystem, where the biotic and the abiotic are in balance without human intervention. However, we draw attention to the fact of existing artificial ecosystems created by humans and which do not exist in nature. Greenhouses, dykes and aquariums are a few examples.
The greater acceptance of the concept of artificial ecosystem includes settlements such as cities, although they have many differences compared to natural ecosystems.
The modification of a natural ecosystem by human action can also give rise to an artificial ecosystem. A natural ecosystem with the extinction of a species by human action initially loses its original condition. That said, it becomes sort of an artificial ecosystem or, at least, a natural ecosystem changed.
We will retain the modification of natural ecosystems brings consequences, such as desertification and infestations of pests/pests (plant health risk), thus harming biodiversity and resources of nature.


9

Definition of molecular weight

From latin pensum ('balancing'), the weight is the force with which the Earth attracts a body. The term is also used to denote the magnitude of this force. The mass, on the other hand, is the physical quantity that expresses the amount of matter contained in a body.
This is what distinguishes the weight and mass. The mass is dependent on nor the position of the body in space and gravitation. The kilogram and newton are the units in the international system of units that correspond to the weight and mass, respectively.
This distinction between these two concepts is that the concept of molecular weight is unclear. More correct is to speak to molecular weight, a quantity that is measured in Atomic mass units (AMU).
It is worth mentioning that a molecule is the smallest particle with all the physical and chemical properties of a substance, composed of one or two atoms.
The molecular mass is thus the result of the sum of the Atomic masses of the elements which formed a molecule. In this sense, the relative molecular mass indicates how many times the mass of a molecule of a substance is greater than the unit of atomic mass.
To calculate the molecular weight, it must consider the molecular formula of the compound and the atomic weights of the elements of which they are composed, and multiply each atomic weight by the index that corresponds to the item on the basis of its molecular formula.


10

Concept of educational psychology

Psychology is the branch of psychology which studies the events in matters psychological with the aim of achieving a more adequate formulation of didactic and pedagogical methods. It aims the foundations of the individual and the object of knowledge and their correspondence with the language and the social and historical influence in the context of the daily process of learning. In other words, it is the science which allows to study the person and his entourage during the different stages of learning as part of his life.
Using his methods, she studied this problem while anticipating the cognitive, affective and social potential for better development of the activities that the person exercises.
Psychology developed as a scientific discipline from the second half of the 20th century, with an interdisciplinary approach and bringing the knowledge of education and those of mental health.
A psychology professional wants to fly the epistemological bases of pedagogical knowledge using its basic concepts and conceptual axes. He must also know and even master auxiliary sciences which contextualize the exercise of his profession and all applications concerning the thinking and development as a human being.
It belongs to the playlets to study, prevent and correct the difficulties that can present a person during learning process even if it is a quotient (IQ) in the so-called normal settings but it presents difficulties in learning. That said, psychology studies the phenomenon of adaptation that involves the evolutionary development of the spirit, with the teaching-learning process.
The definitions are based on information published on line consulted on the website:
Enciclopedia Universal Micronet: (web) http://www.enciclonet.com/ (spanish)
Encyclopædia Britannica: (web) http://www.britannica.es/products/online/EnciclopediaModerna.html (spanish).

Kinesthesia, pride, gratitude, agriculture, school violence, training, sample, habeas corpus, reports, economic resources, Definitions and meanings


Meanings, definitions, concepts of daily use

Dictionary of Definitions, Concepts and meanings of daily use


Definitions, Concepts and meanings:

  1. Definition of kinesthesia
  2. Definition of pride
  3. Definition of gratitude
  4. Definition of agriculture
  5. Definition of school violence
  6. Definition of training
  7. Definition of sample
  8. Definition of habeas corpus
  9. Definition of reports
  10. Definition of economic resources
Note: This article contains information translated for educational purposes. Any translation of this site can be imprecise and inaccurate.


1

Definition of kinesthesia

The kinesthesia or kinesthetic is the perception of balance and the position of the different parts of the body. The concept derives from the Greek words ("common") and aisthesis ("sensation"). Having said that, Etymologically, it alludes to the feeling or perception of the movement.
It's transmitted sensations of continuously from all points of the body to the nerve centre of the sensory afferents. Specialists distinguish two types of sensitivity, namely: the visceral (interoceptive) and the sensitivity postural (proprioceptive), whose peripheral location within the joints and muscles. Sensitivity known as postural function is designed to adjust the balance and the necessary coordinated voluntary actions allowing to move/move the body at will.
Proprioceptors are involved in the development of the corporal schema in the relationship with space and plan the driving action, while providing enough information on the body allowing it have orderly and complete mobility.
In other words, the kinesthesia is the sense of direction that allows the person to define the orientation optical, olfactory, tactile and gustatory, and coordination. Therefore, a concept related to psychology.
According to experts in the field, several cerebral gymnastics technologies apply the movement to increase the learning potential and resources and personal talents. That said, using a set of exercises, the kinesthesia can create high thus stimulating brain synapses energy fluids, such as dopamine and endorphins. Read, perform math exercises and learn new things are some of the suggestions for mental gymnastics.



2

Definition of pride

After le Trésor de la Langue Française computerized (TLFi), pride is the arrogance, vanity or excessive self-esteem by oneself, can often be concealable result occur of noble causes and virtuosos.
The etymology of the term leads us to two concepts: catalan pride and french pride. Pride can also be linked to the superb (excessive proud insurance), which comes from the word latin superbia.
The positive or negative of this concept meaning is usually determined on the basis of the philosophical perspective taken into account. At the generic level, the pride means recovery of the self on the desires and successes of others, which therefore opposes humility.
A negative acceptances of pride has its origins in Christianity, which connects with the conceited and all-powerful person pride putting God aside. For the Catholic Church, pride (superb) is one of the seven deadly sins described by St. Thomas of Aquinas.
On the other hand, the positive connotation of the term made us it back to its Latin origin, where a prideful Act may be synonymous with dignity or beautiful invoice. Thus, pride can be seen as the proper esteem a man has of oneself and which comes from the moral ambition to live in full consistency with rational personal values.
What distinguishes the pride of the superb is a modern trend: pride includes the positive meanings ("my brother is the pride of the family") while the superb is limited only to what is negative.



3

Definition of gratitude

Gratitude is the feeling that feels a person insofar as she is grateful towards a fun / a favor that was fact (e) or a service made the. Gratitude makes want to the person concerned to match/pay said favor one way or another.
The feeling of gratitude has to do with thanks or thank action. This verb just means express someone's gratitude for what he does or did. That said, the individual who feels gratitude would like to thank the service rendering him (or pleased that it has been done). This appreciation can be expressed in several ways, from a simple verbal manifestation ("thank you very much your help"), or a written note ("I am writing this card to thank you the money that you have lent me"), a material gift ("I want to offer you this book to thank you for everything you have done for my father").
Gratitude or thanks is a feeling which are usually those who believe in God. The Act of praying may be, somehow, a way to ask something or supplier. However, we often ask to express his gratitude. Some thanked God and are grateful of the fact of being in good health, have a job and have managed to surpass a problem, for example.
In North America, people celebrate the day of Thanksgiving (Thanksgiving Day), which is a festivity dedicated to express his gratitude to God. The origin of this feast dates back to the time of the first Protestant English settlers who arrived in North America, which have decided to thank the Aboriginal inhabitants for its support during the early winters in the continent, while also thanking God.
Gratitude can therefore be expressed using words, objects, or rites. It's a feeling of recognition towards others or towards the divine.



4

Definition of agriculture

Agriculture is plowing or cultivation of the Earth and includes all work related to the treatment of the soil and planting vegetation. Agricultural activities are generally intended for the production of food and the obtaining of vegetables, fruits and grains.
Agriculture includes the transformation of the environment to meet the needs of man. It is this ability that distinguishes the human being from all other beings alive.
The introduction of agriculture was an essential step in the development of humanity. According to, historians, during the Neolithic period, the man went hunting, fishing and harvesting to agricultural activities and livestock (meat). Wheat and barley were the first plants that have been grown.
To what it seems, people have begun to develop agriculture at the moment some climate change made milder temperatures and shortages found in the hunting and harvesting food in some regions.
Through agriculture, foods available have increased and the amount of the population worldwide. Furthermore, corporations have become more sedentary and have begun to consider private property ownership.
Nowadays, agricultural workers are using technology and genetic engineering to improve the productivity of the soil and crops. Even the science has managed to ensure that seeds are more resistant to parasites and pests, which are now able to adapt to different climates and soils.



5

Definition of school violence

Violence contemplates exercised acts for the purpose of imposing or get something by force. It's deliberate actions that can hit physically or psychologically the other/others. In other words, violence is also what is beyond its own control or even of its natural state.
There are many types of violence, such as the family (or spousal) and gender-based violence. With regard to school violence, it comes to the action or harmful omission which is carried out among the members of an educational community (either between students, parents, teachers/professors and staff) and can occur as well in schools than in other areas directly linked to the school.
Experts in the field allude to several causes that may lead to school violence. Among them, they emphasize social exclusion, exposure to violence transmitted by means of communication and the lack of boundaries within the social behaviour.
School violence is generally associated with the school harassment or bullying, which is verbal or physical abuse that takes place between students and insistent manner over time. In general, the bullying occurs through taunts and nasty jokes where boys or girls who arrive in their teens are victims.
It is possible to characterize schools following the risk of school violence. As such, we will mention the schools with low vulnerability (in which the integration is good and communication at all levels) and schools or insecurity is total (this is often due to anomie, i.e., when the social rules are contradictory or even absent; members are armed and there is impunity).



6

Definition of training

Training is the action and the effect of training and to train. It is a process to acquire and develop knowledge, skills and expertise.
Physical training, for example, is almost mechanical, given that it is to make many plans of exercises in order to develop specific skills (or expertise) or muscles. The goal is to achieve maximum potential at any given time.
Professional training (or training), on the other hand, is learning that takes place in the workplace to improve and optimize the performance of workers. This training includes practice with the instruments, teams, documents or materials that we use on a daily basis.
In the military field, training means to achieve the physical capacity to participate and survive in combat, while learning the various skills necessary in time of war or conflict. The use of weapons and survival in the open air are some of the capabilities that are developed.
On the other hand, religion refers to the spiritual training whose aim is to cleanse the mind and actions to accomplish with objectives that bring the person of God.
It is worth mentioning that coaching is a kind of training given in the bosom of a company, which consists of an interactive and transparent process by which the coach (or trainer) and the person concerned seek the most effective means to reach the objectives set, using their own resources and skills.
The coaching process starts from the principle that the person who receives the training is one that has the best information for resolving situations it faces. That said, the coach helps people to learn by herself.



7

Definition of sample

A sample is a part or a portion of a product that allows to know the quality of it. For example: "yesterday, I asked a sample of the new fragrance which I saw advertising going on TV", "I was asked a sample of my work for a Canadian magazine", "I would need a sample of this fabric, is it you please.
The levy on a set, or a representative portion of the latter, also bears the name of sample (or sampling): "86% of Brazilians approved the management of Lula da Silva, according to a survey conducted on a sample of 10,000 people of several social classes. The sample in statistics is the set of individuals from a "mother people". These samples allow to infer the properties of the whole.
On the other hand, a sample is (model) copy to copy or imitate: "I asked my students to copy in their notebooks the drawing that serves as a sample", "Please consider this sample when you will draw the models."
The example (or preview) or the representative case of something (a small part of goods used as reference to a manufacturing/supply, for example) is also a sample: "With his insults, the coach gave a sample of social violence that exists in the country", "here a sample of our artisan baguette of formerly".
In addition, a sample may designate a specimen remarkable, typical of a particular thing. This is the case, for example, books, poems, sculptures and chiefs of work of any kind: "this morning, I went to the library looking for a sample of French poetry of the 15th century.



8

Definition of habeas corpus

Habeas corpus is a right that belongs to the arrested citizen (owned) to stand immediately and publicly before a court or a judge. The judges, faced with the appearance of the detainee, can determine if the arrest is lawful or unlawful and enact that it terminated.
Habeas corpus is therefore a legal institution which seeks to avoid any arbitrary detention and guaranteeing personal freedom of the individual. File/presenting appealed serves to prevent abuses by the authorities, because it forces to present the situation of the detainee before a judge.
Habeas corpus dates back to the time of the Romans, when they were intended to show the free man that he was being held by someone else. This legal instrument aimed cases of violation of freedom between citizens and not towards the decisions of rulers.
The use of the remedy against the authorities has started to be applied in 1305, at the time where the King Éduard Ier England was obliged to inform the situation of a person whose freedom was conditional.
Experts point out that habeas corpus takes under his tutelage two essential rights: individual liberty (the individual cannot be the subject of arbitrary arrests) and personal integrity (the person may be subject to damages against him, such as sustained injury through torture, for example).
Some organizations such as Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch defended the introduction of the right of habeas corpus at the global level in order to avoid any violation.



9

Definition of reports

We will talk about the concept of report, in the plural, as a synonym for the term relations, which derives from the word latin relatĭo. But, first, we will start by sound whose use is quite different. It is, for example, a statement in which it recounts what has been seen or heard. In other words, it is an account of a question or mission. Similarly, it can be a link or a relationship between at least two persons or things.
In law, on the other hand, a report is a presentation of the elements of right to a trial, presented at the hearing by a magistrate of the Court judging the case.
In math, this term designates a number involved in multiple point transforms. Then, the idea of report means that someone or something has in common with from others. Example: "China and the Tunisia? I do not see what is the relationship... »
In the plural, or "reports", it comes to relations between individuals or groups. These relationships can be emotional (links of friendship or family) and work. In a more familiar context, this term refers to the sexual relationship between two people. For example: "Pierre told me that he had intercourse with Aline". Sexual intercourse are a set of more or less complex behaviors which adopt two or more beings of the same sex or the opposite sex and which end usually by coïte it.
In this sense, the reports can be heterosexual, homosexual, Ménage à 3 (trio) or in a group, for example. As such, there are other classifications, such as the pre-matrimoniaux reports (before marriage), extra-matrimoniaux reports (outside of marriage) or marital relationships (within the married couple).



10

Definition of economic resources

Economic resources are tangible or intangible means which allow to satisfy some needs in the process of production or the business of a company.
These resources are therefore needed for the development of economic, commercial or industrial operations. Have access to an economic resource, to invest money: what is important for the company to be profitable, it is that this investment can be recovered through the use or exploitation of the resource.
For example: a field is an economic resource that allows to develop agriculture. This resource may be viable from the economic point of view if it is located in the mountains or in a geographical area requiring too much money to be exploited.
The concept of economic resource is often mentioned as a synonym for factor of production. Factors of production are the resources attached to the breast of the production process which represent added value in the development of the goods or services.
Scottish Economist Adam Smith (1723-1790) recognizes three factors of production participating in economic activity and who are rewarded on the market: the Earth (rewarded by income), work (which the inertia is the salary) and capital (which it benefits by income).
Current economics includes other economic such as factors of production resources, because it is essential in the current activity complex. Science and technology are therefore as a new factor of production, in the image of the human capital and social capital.
The definitions are based on information published on line consulted on the website:
Enciclopedia Universal Micronet: (web) http://www.enciclonet.com/ (spanish)
Encyclopædia Britannica: (web) http://www.britannica.es/products/online/EnciclopediaModerna.html (spanish).

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