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Biographies of famous people in history and celebrity born on October 21
Summary:1. Mary Blair
2. Martin Castrogiovanni
3. Samuel Taylor Coleridge
4. Edmondo De Amicis
5. Alphonse de Lamartine
6. Dizzy Gillespie
7. Ursula K. Le Guin
8. Kim Kardashian
9. Benjamin Netanyahu
10. Alfred Nobel
11. Giuseppe Pinelli
12. Marina Ripa di Meana
1. Biography of Mary Blair
October 21, 1911
July 26, 1978
Who is Mary Blair?
Mary Blair was born on October 21, 1911 in Tulsa (Oklahoma, Usa) as Mary Browne Robinson. American artist, is best remembered for his work for the Walt Disney film animation company.
The productions of Mary Blair have scored major success shots: for example the concept for the film "Alice in Wonderland," "Peter Pan" and "Cinderella".
His style still lives through design immortal Disney characters. His works of art are housed in different buildings in the world (Disney) and dealing with the characters and stories so beloved by children, as the enormous mosaic inside Disney's Contemporary Resort inside the Walt Disney World, Florida.
Many of his illustrations, including in children's books since 1950, have never been out of print. Mary Blair was honored as a "Disney legend" in 1991, one of the first women to receive this honor.
Mary Blair died of a cerebral hemorrhage on July 26, 1978, at the age of 66 years.
His style in the use of color is still a source of inspiration for many contemporary designers and artists in animation.
2. Biography of Martin Castrogiovanni
October 21, 1981
Who is Martin Castrogiovanni?
Martin Leandro Castrogiovanni, better known only as Martin Castrogiovanni, nicknamed "Castro", was born in Paraná, in Argentina, on 21 October 1981. Of Italian origins, is a naturalized rugby player "blue" to all intents and purposes grown sportingly in the peninsula, to become one of the best rugby players in the world.
He won the English Championship, as the ranks of pylon Leicester Tigers, winning in 2007 the prize for best player of the tournament. In 2011 was also included in the "Planet Rugby's Team of the Year".
With its aggressive look, long beard and long curly hair, is one of the most popular players of the national team and loved by the general public, which is credited with having revived and widely distributed both in Italy than in the rest of Europe the passion for this sport has always loved in countries such as Great Britain, France, Australia and New Zealand but still far from a real development in countries such as Italian.
Martin's family is originally from Enna, Sicily. Carney is the historical name of the country of his grandfather, Sicilian pure blood. Her mother is half German, Spanish and Argentine Aboriginal. The future rugby champion inherits quite a mixture of cultures, although he always felt from Argentina and, especially, Italian.
Martin is passionate about the sport already when he was very young. His first love, however, when he was a teenager, is basketball. Accomplice a discipline not really wholesome, as you will recall further over the years during some interviews the same rugby player, passes immediately to the oval ball, despite the misgivings.
At eighteen she throws herself into the fray for the first of many more times. Its role is to prop and start playing Rugby section of the Club Atlético Estudiantes of Paraná, his hometown. He puts little to get noticed in Italy and, at the age of just twenty years, in 2001, goes to professional Rugby Calvisano, historical structure of the province of Brescia.
Martin Castrogiovanni dispute five seasons playing for Calvisano, winning his first and only Italian League title in 2004, coming literally in the heart of Brescia fans. With a second place team scores then lombardo, losing the final, and won Italy Cup. In five seasons, "Castro" play 82 games and scored 8 goals.
Thanks to his Italian ancestors then, never having represented Argentina at senior level the, Carney makes his debut with the Azzurri, as early as 2002, at the age of twenty-one years. It's then-coach John Kirwan that summons him, putting him in the field against the legendary All Blacks, for an important test in Hamilton. From that point, it becomes a prop immovably Italian pack.
In 2006 is procured from Leicester Tigers, where he becomes literally an idol. The following year, in 2007, he was elected best player of the English Premiership after just one League played across the English channel.
He won the English League in seasons 2006-07, 2008-09 and 2009-10, becoming one of the strongest players in this parable the channel ever, totaling well 69 matches and 4 goals.
Meanwhile, it also becomes a staple of the Italian national team, called into question by all coaches that take place on the bench. Playing his first six Nations in 2003, only twenty-two years.
Great fighter, proves that he has a very good sense of the goal, despite his prop, as in the match played against Japan in 2004, where he made three markings on the same test-match.
Even the new coach Pierre Berbizier then, considers it one of the landmarks, and inserts since 2007 French World Cup on a permanent basis.
With new coach Nick Mallett, during the 2008 RBS 6 Nations "Castro" become the best blues in the first half, going to metaman four of five matches of the tournament, against Ireland, England, Wales and France.
Plays also the 2011 rugby World Cup and, even with the new CT Jacques Brunel, is summoned to the Six Nations in 2012, where he played once against England. On this last occasion, on the eve of important and sincere match, Martin Castrogiovanni gives an interesting and sympathetic interview with the newspaper Repubblica, where declares that the only rule that counts for him, in rugby, is this: "lower your head and push."
Boyfriend for many years with the former skier azzurra Riza Caguicla, trevigiana born in 1986 and several times on the podium in slalom, Carlson owns, along with fellow Irishman Geordan Murphy, two Italian restaurants in Leicester.
3. Biography of Samuel Taylor Coleridge
21 October 1772
25 July 1834
Who is Coleridge?
Samuel Taylor Coleridge, one of the most important figures of the Romantic movement, was born in England in Ottery St Mary (Devon) on 21 October 1772. The last of ten children, after his father's death he was sent to Christ's hospital school in London. Becomes an avid reader and a good student.
In 1791 he moved to Cambridge; early interrupts his studies to enlist in the light Dragoons Regiment. Is readmitted to Cambridge later: here meets the poet Robert Southey (1774-1843), which will influence in a particular way. Coleridge became an ardent Republican. The two attempt to create a utopian community (the "Holy shit", in Pennsylvania), based on egalitarian and socialist principles; the goal is the achievement of social peace and equitable economic development for all. The project was however abandoned. Their friendship is born, however, the dramatic work in verse, "The fall of Robenspierre" (1794).
In 1795 Southey leaves for Portugal while Coleridge remains to England to write and give lectures. In 1796 publishes several poems. Shortly before Coleridge had met the poet William Wordsworth, with whom friendship that will last a lifetime. Together, the two writers publish a book of poetry titled "lyrical ballads" (1798); cornerstone of poetry in the English literature, this work contains the first great works of the romantic school, including the famous "Rime of the Ancient Mariner" (The Rime of The Ancient Mariner).
The period between 1797 and 1798 is among the most productive artistic life of Samuel Taylor Coleridge; In addition to the "Ancient Mariner" writes "Kubla Khan", a work of great descriptive imagination almost musical rhythm, "Christabel" poetic composition narrative from mystical character, as well as other poems are considered among his best verses in tone "colloquial".
In the autumn of 1798 Coleridge and Wordsworth went on a trip to continental Europe; Coleridge continued on his own: spending much time in Germany. At this time are less the sympathies of the past for political radicalism; starts to be interested in German philosophy, and in particular Immanuel Kant's idealism, the writings of mystical character of Jakob Boehme and literary criticism of the playwright G.E. Lessing.
Coleridge studied German and translated into English the dramatic "Wallenstein" trilogy of romantic poet Friedrich von Schiller. As a result of these studies, Coleridge became the most influential interpreter of German romanticism.
Back in England in 1800. Between 1808 and 1819 he holds lectures on literature and philosophy; among its objectives is to renew interest in the great English playwright William Shakespeare. In his essays and in his lectures Coleridge shows great mastery and engrossing dialectic, elements that will make it the most influential English literary critic of the 19th century.
He settled finally in London where he wrote his major works in prose, "Biographia literaria" (1817), a series of essays and autobiographical notes on various topics, which includes excerpts of literary criticism that show his great intuitive brilliance. Particularly relevant are the parts where Coleridge expresses its upgrade considerations on the nature of poetry and imagination, and in which he discusses the works of Wordsworth. Other works from this period are "Sibylline Leaves" (1817) and "Aids to reflection" (1825). According to his poetic theory, the cause of one of the central ideas of the romantic aesthetic, artistic imagination could play a mediating role between modern cultures different from one another.
Samuel Taylor Coleridge dies at Highgate on 25 July 1834.
Today it is generally recognized as an important lyric poet and literary critic. He is named after the crater Coleridge, present on the surface of mercury.
4. Biography of Edmondo De Amicis
21 October 1846
March 11, 1908
Who is Edmondo De Amicis?
Poet of the brotherhood, and goodness, Edmondo De Amicis was born on 21 October 1846 in Oneglia, Italy, another important Patriot and enlightenment, Giovan Pietro Vieusseux (1779-1863).
He first studies in Piedmont, Cuneo and Turin before then. Enter the Military Academy of Modena and comes out second lieutenant, in 1865. The following year fought in Custoza. While continuing in his military career, tries to follow his vocation to writing: in Florence Italy "military" and directs the public newspaper, meanwhile, "military life" (1868), the success of which allows the abandonment of herself--which, however, he loves-to devote himself to his passion of writing.
In 1870, as a correspondent of "La Nazione", join the of Rome coming to Porta Pia. Now free from military engagement begins a series of trips-including on behalf of "La Nazione"-of which leaves testimony by publishing lively relationships.
This is how "Spain", in 1873; "Holland" and "memories of London", in 1874; "Morocco", in 1876; Constantinople in 1878; "At the gates of Italy", in 1884, dedicated to the city of Pinerolo and its surroundings, until his trip to America whose diary, titled "Ocean", is dedicated to Italian immigrants.
Closed season, De Amicis falls into Italy and began to devote himself to educational literature that makes him, as well as a talented writer, also a pedagogue: it is precisely in this field that making, in 1886, his masterpiece, "Heart" that despite the ostracism of Catholics no religious content, collects a staggering success and is translated into many languages.
Again publishes, among others, "the novel of a teacher", in 1890; "Between school and home" in 1892; "La maestrina degli operai" in 1895; "The carriage of all", in 1899; "In the realm of the Matterhorn", in 1904; "The idiom" in 1905. He contributes to various publications of Socialist inspiration.
The last decade of his life is marked by the death of his mother, by the failure of his marriage to Teresa Boassi and by the suicide of his son Furio tied their family for conditions created furious and continuous invivibilità quarrels of parents.
Edmondo De Amicis died in Bordighera (Imperia) on March 11, 1908, at the age of 62 years.
Daddy it instils in his pedagogical works around the moral rigor that derives from his military education, and from being a fervent Patriot and enlightenment, but remains an author strongly linked in his time: the book "Heart", which represents a fundamental point of reference formative early ' 900, was later much criticized and downsized because of the changes of the times that made it obsolete. Even at the expense of its thickness of writing that deserves to be dusted off and reconsidered the whole work of De Amicis.
With "the idiom" is characterized as the ultimate upholder of the theses of Alessandro Manzoni which advocated a modern, effective and purified by Italian Classics and rhetoric.
Other works by Edmondo De Amicis: "sketches of military life" (1868); "Short stories" (1872); "Memories of 1870-71" (1872); Memories of Paris (1879); "The two friends" (1883); "Amore e ginnastica (1892); "Social question" (1894); "The three capitals: Turin-Florence-Rome" (1898); "The temptation of bicycle" (1906); "Cerebral Cinema" (1907); "Company" (1907); "Memories of a trip to Sicily" (1908); "New literary and artistic portraits" (1908).
5. Biography of Alphonse de Lamartine
21 October 1790
28 February 1869
Who is Alphonse de Lamartine?
Alphonse Marie Louis de Prat de Lamartine was born on 21 October 1790 in Mâcon, in Burgundy France. He spent his youth in Milly, in their family's country house. From the earliest periods of study is interested in the disciplines of literature, being passionate for Roman poets like Chateaubriand.
In 1808 he finished his studies: according to tradition, should undertake a military career but his father Pierre de Lamartine, Cadet of a family of minor nobility--tied to the Bourbons, doesn't want Alphonse's for the Empire in any way: so in 1811 he was sent to kick back in Italy, where some cousins live between Livorno, Pisa and Naples. In Naples he had his first experience with a local girl, Antonella Jacomino, who will remember years later in his "Graziella". Even after he visited the Italy staying in Florence.
In March 1820 he was appointed Ambassador to Naples, but two months after renouncing the new assignment to marry (on June 5) to Chambery, English Protestant Mary Ann Elisa Birch: the couple takes residence in the castle that the father has given in dowry to Saint-Point, near Mâcon.
In February 1821 was born in Rome the first son Alphonse, who will live only until November 1823; in may 1822 he was born in Macon, a daughter, Julia, destined to die early in 1832.
Alphonse de Lamartine in 1820 the "Méditations poétiques", sentimental poems inspired by love for Julie Charles, which merged with the early 18th-century romantic tradition elegiac expression. The works that make it popular Alphonse de Lamartine are the "nouvelles meditations poétiques" (1823), "Le dernier chant du pèlerinage of Harold" (1825) and Harmonies poétiques et religieuses "above all" (1830).
Is also involved in politics as a diplomat, then after the July Revolution (or second French Revolution of 1830) became member of Parliament (1834) and Foreign Minister (1848) during the provisional Government. With the advent of Napoleon III, put politically aloof, Alphonse de Lamartine devoted all their energy to literary activity.
This is how in this period works characterized predominantly by autobiographical elements: "Nouvelles confidences" (1851), "Raphael: pages de la vingtième année" (1849), "Graziella" (1852), "Geneviève: histoire d'une servante" (1850) and "Le tailleur de pierres du Pont" (1851).
Date back to this period his historical works "Histoire de la Restauration" (1854), "Histoire de la Turquie (1854)," Histoire de la Russie "(1855) and" Cours familier de littérature "(1856, divided into 28 volumes).
The last years of French writer's life are sad: Mary Ann wife dies in 1863; in 1867 has suffered a stroke that deprives him of the use of the word. The Government acknowledges a grant of half a million francs; also the city of Paris provides him a villa in Passy, where Alphonse de Lamartine died on 28 February 1869.
6. Dizzy Gillespie biography
October 21, 1917
January 6, 1993
Who is Dizzy Gillespie?
John Birks Gillespie, nicknamed Dizzy, was born in Cheraw (in the State of South Carolina, USA) the day October 21, 1917, last of nine brothers. His father, who used to beat up the children, dies when Gillespie has only ten. He started to play the trumpet by himself at the age of twelve, just for fun. Despite living in poverty, unable to get a scholarship at the Institute of Laurinburg, North Carolina, but not fully exploit.
He left school in 1935 without completing his studies and moved to Philadelphia looking for a job as a full-time musician. Initially joins Frankie Fairfax and performs his first recording Teddy Hill's band in which replaces Roy Eldridge.
At the end of the years ' 30 Gillespie brought to light in the orchestras of Teddy Hill, Lucky Millinder, Cab Calloway, Jimmy Dorsey and Lionel Hampton as one of the best followers of Roy Eldridge. In those years he meets several colleagues that inspire him guiding them towards a more modern style.
In the early ' 40 starts dating the Minton's Playhouse, a nightclub in New York where together began to take its first steps the new jazz. With bassist Oscar Pettiford and drummer Kenny Clarke founded a group which later became legendary and who would be considered the first bop in history. Nightly jam sessions of Minton's become a springboard for some of the biggest names in modern jazz, including Thelonius Monk, Bud Powell, Max Roach, but also Charlie Christian. It is here that you can tell is born the "bebop".
In 1943 joining the Earl Hines orchestra is a very important moment for the career of Dizzy Gillespie. Together with Charlie Parker and other young neo-boppers is directed by Billy Eckstine, singer and big star of the band, who was also the arrival of Sarah Vaughan. Doesn't last very long relationship with Fatha Hines: well, after a little Dizzy leaving Eckstine escape, Parker and others, including Vaughan. In 1944, all these names together with Gillespie are hired in the new orchestra of Eckstine: for Dizzy there is also Music Director. Thanks to this band and to three years around America, the be-bop became known.
Miles Davis, in his autobiography recalls: "Bird was the spirit of the bebop movement, but Dizzy was its head and hands, he was holding it all together."
Him the Italian journalist and writer Greta Calverley said: "it was he who gave birth to bebop with Charlie Parker and the great pianist Bud Powell. Unlike the saxophonist, who was pure instinct, Gillespie knew organize his brilliance and put on paper his revolutionary notes ".
Between Gillespie's compositions include "Groovin' High," "Woody 'n' You", "Anthropology", "Salt Peanuts" and the famous "A Night in Tunisia", revolutionary pieces for the time, when the most popular genre was still swing. The revolutionary character of the bebop is also reflected in lifestyle: in fact African Americans know a time when embrace a new way of being. Black musicians were reclaiming their "black" music, jazz, sweetened from swing ' white ' orchestras.
Let Charlie Parker--who calls playing Miles Davis-in 1947 Gillespie forms a quintet with pianist John Lewis and with Milt Jackson, Kenny Clarke and Ray Brown, in practice the future formation of "Modern Jazz Quartet".
Gillespie also plays in small lineups, but prefers those many, where it can bring out the character of leaders, where highlights such as solo and at the same time as an entertainer on stage. His hilarious and cheerful attitude becomes a defining feature of his live performances. During his career are different formations that play under the hat of "Dizzy Gillespie Big Band, who perform frequently even in Europe but that they melt because they were too difficult to sustain financially.
Towards the end of the years ' 40 Dizzy Gillespie begins taking an interest in Caribbean and South American music. The inclusion of afro-Cuban rhythms in the context of a jazz band is one of the first successful attempts of fusion between genres. Important compositions of these years are "Manteca" and "Tin Tin Deo".
In the years ' 50 starts to use his characteristic trumpet with the Bell folded upwards, becoming a recognizable icon for extending the bulge of her cheeks while blowing powerful riffs in his mouthpiece.
In the years ' 60 aims provocatively as candidate for President of the United States, promising to rename the "White House", "home of the Blues", to nominate Ray Charles at the head of the national library, Malcolm X head of legality and Miles Davis, head of the CIA.
In 1979 he published his autobiography, "To be or not to bop". In the years ' 80 leads the United Nations Orchestra. In his later years slows its activity, devoting himself mostly to teaching. A frequent guest in Italy, the city of Bassano del Grappa confers honorary citizenship; Here he founded the school of popular music, now named after him.
Dizzy Gillespie died of pancreatic cancer on 6 January 1993, at the age of 75 years.
7. Biography of Ursula K. Le Guin
October 21, 1929
Who is Ursula K. Le Guin?
Anarchist, feminist, rare and profound thinker, is definitely the greatest living science fiction writer, having been able to renew gender literature with a stylistic imprint and contained very personal and always superbly Poetics. Le Guin novels are undoubtedly destined to remain in the history of American literature, and more.
Ursula Kroeber was born in Berkeley, California on October 21, 1929, by Alfred l. Kroeber, authority in the field of anthropological studies, and Theodora k. Froeber. It is set in the golden years of science fiction as one of the most talented creative minds of fantasy worlds.
In ten years, full of fate, the future master of Science Fiction americana sends his first science fiction story to "Amazing Stories", which is rejected. Blame age and definitely immature writing of small budding visionary? We give credit to leaders of Amazing, and their experience, it was so.
Ursula Meanwhile, still far from full time work as a writer, continues his regular studies and graduated in French literature, then moved to Paris where he met Charles A. Le Guin, who later became her husband. To sign his novels will keep their last name but that of k. beloved companion.
In 1962 Ursula K. Le Guin published his first short story "April in Paris", which appears on "Fantastic Stories"; Another tale of Sf, "The Dowry of Angyat" appeared in 1964 finally on the legendary "Amazing Stories".
Those who have the good fortune to run into some of his writings do not forget anymore. Become an established name and even his novels are multiplying.
Among his major works are: "Rocannon's world", "the left hand of darkness", "the scythe of heaven", "the world of the forest", "the outcast of the other planet", "threshold", "always", "the twelve points of the compass" (short stories), "La rosa dei venti", all published between 1966 and 1982.
The importance of Ursula K. Le Guin is indisputable for the landscape of fantasy and science fiction: Philip Dick loved unconditionally the works of writer, so much so that he came to regard it as almost a twin sister.
Which soon became a mainstay of the genre fiction, his style is always top notch, the topics always up to date and never dull. It is perhaps the only sincere teacher of SF: his fiction a bit anarchic, profoundly human, investigates without shadows of hypocrisy today's society to translate it into the future or into a fantasy world.
In his novels never fail even explicit political, social and religious, which make it a decidedly engaged. After so many years of career and success-got many awards, including in 2003 the title of Grand Master, a title previously awarded to authors such as Arthur c. Clarke, Ray Bradbury, Isaac Asimov and Clifford Simak-Le Guin now lives in Portrad, Oregon with her husband, who teaches French history at the State College.
8. Kim Kardashian biography
Who is Kim Kardashian?
Kimberly Noel "Kim" Kardashian was born on October 21, 1980.
The father is Armenian, the mother is Scottish and Dutch.
Father Robert Kardashian is known for being o. j. Simpson's lawyer during his trial for murder of 2003.
In 2006 he took part in two episodes of the television series "Beyond the Break", and in December 2007 poses nude in Playboy, but it is only through the reality show "keeping up with the Kardashians" (Keeping Up with the Kardashians) that Kim Kardashian became famous to the general public.
The reality show airs on "E!"; the plot revolves around the life of the Kardashian family, and airs for three editions until 2009.
In 2008 he starred with Carmen Electra in the film "Disaster Movie". Later Kim was also featured in the series "E alla fine arriva mamma!" and participates in the reality series "Dancing with the Stars".
In 2000 she married music producer Damon Thomas, from whom she divorced in 2004. Since 2007 is romantically linked to NFL player Reggie Bush. In the same year, an amateur video porn that Kardashian had achieved with her ex-boyfriend, the singer Ray J, was put up for sale by Vivid Entertainments, against the will of the two protagonists, and against which Kardashian suing, reaching an agreement for $ 5 million.
On August 20, 2011 rejoins in marriage: the new lucky husband is the NBA basketball player Kris Humphries. At the same time Kim Kardashian released her debut single "Jam (Turn It Up)", whose proceeds will go to charity. After two months of marriage wedding ends.
9. Biography of Benjamin Netanyahu
October 21, 1949
Who is Benjamin Netanyahu?
Benjamin Netanyahu was born in Tel Aviv, Israel, on 21 October 1949. Israeli politician of great importance, elected Prime Minister of Israel from June 1996 until 31 March 1999, of 17 May 2009 was again elected Prime Minister of Israel. Made history for being the first elected President to be born after the Constitution of the State of Israel.
Nicknamed "Bibi" Netanyahu lived most of his childhood and early youth in the city of Jerusalem. His father, historian Benzion Netanyahu, an internationally famous sees in him great communicative potential and think you enter it, for years of high school, to an Institute in the United States. The young Benjamin then, around 1962, he moved to the Usa to continue his studies, where her father is constantly engaged in research activities in the field of historiography.
In 1967, "Bibi" falls within Israel, enlisting into the IDF, serving in an elite commando unit called Sayeret Matkal, the only one with powers of recognition within the military system of the Israeli Defense. Here, the younger Netanyahu accomplishes the first operations in the service of his country, forging its own character in the name of activism not only political but also military and economic. Its strong conservatism begins to form, in all probability, precisely in these years of training.
The operations which Benjamin Netanyahu takes part are varied. In 1972, for example, is part of the elite team that rescues hostages in an aeroplane of Sabena, following an interception at high altitudes. That same year, 1972, is discharged from the IDF, not before receiving an honorable mention by the major general Motta Gur and the recognition of the rank of Captain, also thanks to the participation in the Yom Kippur war.
In 1976, strong of its degrees in architecture and in business management in the meantime achieved, began working in the private sector, first with the Boston Consulting Group, an international business consulting firm and subsequently promoted to senior management, at the RIM Industries Ltd. In its formation also boasts some degree courses achieved at Harvard, USA, within the framework of political science.
In this same year, 1976, the future Israeli Prime Minister loses his brother Yoni, also at the service of the national army, who died during operation Entebbe. It is an important time to Benjamin Netanyahu, who begins to direct their energies in the service of the State and, above all, against all forms of terrorism. In 1979, in fact, takes part in the first major international conference in which is stressed the need to fight terrorist organizations and schemes that provide their support.
In 1982 he was appointed Deputy Chief of mission at the Israeli Embassy in Washington, USA. Two years later, in 1984, he was appointed Israel's Ambassador to the United Nations, a position of strategic importance that covers for four years and that allows him to take part, although with different powers and as Ambassador of Israel, at the second International Conference on terrorism. During this time Bibi carves out a role primarily as a defender of the cause of Israel in the international arena, pledging also to shed light on the crimes committed by Nazi Germany against the Jewish people.
In 1988, Benjamin Netanyahu is in Israel and is first elected to the Knesset, the Parliament of Israel, for the conservative Likud party. In the same year, he was appointed Deputy Foreign Minister. During the Gulf war then, he served as Chief Representative of Israel in the international arena, arguing the issues of the State in which he was elected. In addition, in 1991, is a member of the Israeli delegation that took part in the Madrid Peace Conference, actively participating in the first programme of strategic cooperation between Israel and United States.
Two years later, in 1993, now in full political ascent, Netanyahu becomes Likud Party Chairman, leader of the opposition until the electoral mandate. Therefore, in 1996, he was elected Israel's Prime Minister, for the first time with a program based primarily on the need to fight terrorism and to carry forward the peace process in the Middle East. Also thanks to Measured with the Palestinians, manages to keep the peace during his tenure, seeing dramatically decrease the terrorist attacks in the land of Israel. In addition, the economic policy proves successful, promoting foreign investment and high technology industry.
Terminated the mandate, Netanyahu prefers to leave momentarily by politics that matters, devoting his work in consulting services for large domestic enterprises. The break though, doesn't last very long. And in 2002 must return to the field, first as Foreign Minister and then, in the course of 2003, as Finance Minister. The latter appointment though, runs until April 9, 2005, when resigning to protest against the withdrawal from Gaza put in place by Prime Minister Ariel Sharon.
On 20 December 2005 therefore, Bibi Netanyahu gets back the leadership of Likud and the 4 May 2006 is the official spokesperson for the opposition, pending new elections. On March 31 of 2009, despite not having won directly and alone with his party the election, Benjamin Netanyahu returns to Office as head of Government, in agreement with the leader of the far right nationalist Avigdor Lieberman.
Married to Sara, a psychologist, and a father of three, Netanyahu lives with his family in Jerusalem. And is also the author of numerous publications translated in many countries around the world, mostly focused on the war on terrorism and on international relations for peace.
Elections in 2015, against all odds predicted by polls, is elected again at the helm of the country.
10. Biography of Alfred Nobel
21 October 1833
10 December 1896
Who was Alfred Nobel?
Everyone knows what the Nobel Prize but few, perhaps, associate this high honour to the name of a Swedish chemist, inventor of a substance which has become famous for its great use but also for his terrible destructive power: the dynamite.
This explosive has undoubtedly contributed greatly to the progress of mankind (think to its application in the construction of tunnels, railways and roads), but like all scientific discoveries brings the heavy risk of being badly used.
A problem that the same scientist felt so urgent in his consciousness, much to throw it into an existential crisis of no small magnitude.
Born in Stockholm on 21 October 1833, Alfred Nobel after University he devoted himself to the research. Was for years an obscure chemical engineer until, after the discovery of nitroglycerin by Salazar, powerful explosives difficult to control, he devoted himself to the study of a way to use it more effectively. The mixture of Sobrero had the peculiarity to explode at the slightest bump or swing, making it extremely dangerous. The technicians were able to use it for digging tunnels or mines but was certain that its use included enormous difficulties and dangers.
Alfred Nobel in 1866, he developed a mixture of nitroglycerin and clay which took on different characteristics and more manipulable, which he called "dynamite". Its discovery less dangerous to handle but equally effective, achieved an immediate success. The Swedish engineer, in order not to miss the opportunity to exploit his newfound, founded around the world some companies to manufacture and test the explosive, amassing a considerable fortune.
Unfortunately, as has been said, it is served in addition to the construction of numerous works extremely useful also to perfect war ordnance of various types, which threw into turmoil Nobel blacker.
Alfred Nobel died in san Remo on 10 December 1896: when his will was opened it was discovered that the engineer had established that the income of his immense fortune were donated to fund five prizes, which soon became the most important in the world, thanks to the Academy that distributes them (to Stockholm).
Three of these awards are designed to reward each year the greatest discoveries in physics, chemistry and medicine.
Another is for a writer and fifth to a character or to an organization that has operated in a particular way for world peace and for the fraternity of peoples.
11. Biography of Giuseppe Pinelli
December 15, 1969
Who is Giuseppe Pinelli?
Giuseppe Pinelli was born on 21 October 1928 in Milan, in the Porta Ticinese. Starts working immediately after finishing elementary school, as a busboy before and storekeeper; Meanwhile, teaching himself reads many books. In the final period of World War II he took part in the anti-fascist Resistance, used as a relay of the brigades Buzzi and Malatesta; then, after the war, he participates actively to the growth of the anarchist movement in his city.
In 1954 becomes manipulator for railways, after winning a competition, while the following year he married Licia Rognini, girl met in an esperanto course (a daughter of a Carpenter anarchist) which will give him two daughters. After joining the libertarian youth, a group of young anarchists, and have planted in the San Siro district a public bulletin board in piazza Selinunte, engages in dissemination of libertarian thought exposing every week the Umanità Nova. In 1965 he founded the circle "Sacco and Vanzetti", in a basement of viale Murillo, where it is organized the first meeting devoted to the subject of citizen antimilitarism together with two conscientious objectors, a Catholic and an anarchist, that expose publicly and claim the reasons that push them to refuse to wear the military uniform.
The following year, by now militant anarchist, Giuseppe Pinelli supports Gunilla Hunger, Umberto Tiboni and Gennaro De Miranda in printing and disseminating early copies of "World Beat" magazine that can count on the support of "Sacco and Vanzetti". This is a street newspaper that aims to show the public the importance of non-violence and the necessity of pacifism: the magazine is scheduled at the home of Joseph, who is in charge of their publications, the first number.
Pinelli, indeed, is perfectly at ease with new contestants of the second half of the 1960s (years marked by the global protest against the war in Viet Nam), those reductively described as hippies.
Together with libertarian youth organizes, during Christmas of 1966, a European Youth Conference attended by Italian anarchist groups in Europe, including the Dutch Provos. Promoter of a camping internazionale, in July 1967, Colico, in Lombardy, try out an anarchist magazine referred to as "the enemy of the State", but the experience lasts only a short time, and the newspaper is published only a mimeographed sheets.
The circle "Sacco and Vanzetti", meanwhile, quits in 1968 due to an eviction, but reopened a short time later near the Ponte della Ghisolfa, in piazzale Lugano: it hosts meetings and Conference of CUB, basic unit committees, you notice the spread of a foreign official organisations direct action unionism. Also in 1968, Pinelli (became Chief sorting to Garibaldi) receives from Commissioner Luigi Calabresi (who knows him to have frequently seen in parades and sometimes summoned to the police station) a Christmas gift: the book "thousand million men", by Enrico Emanuelli.
Joseph is so proud of that gift and its origin from everyone to: will reciprocate the gesture giving Calabresi a copy of his favorite book, "Spoon River anthology". Promoter of reconstruction of the Unione Sindacale Italiana, libertarian and revolutionary trade unionist-inspired reality, after the arrests of anarchists for bombs in April of 1969 to Milan Central station, Pinelli undertakes to find food, books and clothes to send to friends in prison: builds a network ecology within the anarchist black cross.
On 12 December of that year the burst of a bomb in the premises of Banca Nazionale dell'Agricoltura in piazza Fontana translates into one of the most atrocious massacres of the era: the next night Pinelli was stopped by police along with 83 other suspects. On 15 December, the anarchist is in the building of the police headquarters (illegally: a police custody may take at least two days) together with Commissioner Luigi Calabresi and Antonino Allegra (head of the political Bureau of the police), who is being interrogated in front of a police officer, a police officer and three noncommissioned officers of the political office, when precipitates from the window (located on the fourth floor of the building) falling into a flowerbed.
Taken to the hospital Fatebenefratelli, Giuseppe Pinelli does not survive.
Shortly after his death, the Quaestor Marcellus guide talks about suicide, arguing that Papadopoulos has kicked off shortly after that his alibi had been unmasked: the version will be retracted when you discover that the alibi of the anarchist was credible. After an initial inquiry concluded with a check-in, a new investigation opened following a complaint Daniel Pinelli in 1971 was appointed the judge Gerardo D'Ambrosio: a judgment delivered in 1975 stipulates that Pinelli didn't die for murder or suicide, but for an illness that he would fall unintentionally from the window; the ruling stipulates, moreover, that at the time of the tragedy on Commissioner Calabresi was not present in the room.
The official version, however, will always be held to be inconsistent and contradictory in several places: Papadopoulos would fall almost vertically (without moving outwards that we probably would have been in if his leap had been volunteer), and hands did not have signs that bear witness to its attempt to protect themselves from falling. Over the years, agents also provide conflicting versions about what happened; to cast doubt on the official version, then, the arrangement of the chairs and furniture and the size of the room, which could have made it almost impossible to jump from a window in front of so many people without being stopped before.
Also in 1975, the body of Papadopoulos will be resurrected, based on polemic by the news--spread by constant struggle-that the corpse of the anarchist had bulbar lesions compatible with a karate chop: the second autopsy, however, will confirm the result of the first, indicating simply an area roughly ovolare due to contact of the body with the marble of the morgue. Closing the case, then, will that death of Giuseppe Pinelli was caused by an illness active: alter the center of balance, due to too many cigarettes smoked on an empty stomach, interrogation and cold stress caused by the open window, would have caused the fall.
12. Biography of Marina Ripa di Meana
October 21, 1941
About Marina Ripa di Meana?
Marina Punturieri Elis was born in Rome on October 21, 1941. She grew up in a middle class family and after his studies he began working as a fashion designer by opening an atelier of Haute Couture in Spain's Square in Rome. In 1961 bride Alessandro Lante della Rovere, in the Church of San Giovanni Battista dei Cavalieri di Rodi in 1961; with Alexander, man of the ancient Ducal family, has a daughter, Lucrezia Lante della Rovere, which will become a stage actress, film and television.
In the years ' 70 Marina is the protagonist of a troubled love affair with the painter Franco Angeli. The experience will write a book, "Cocaine" (2005), telling of being coming to prostitute themselves in order to be able to buy drugs to her lover.
Divorces by Alessandro Lante della Rovere, but continues to maintain and use the last name is signing autobiographical works, both for licensing related to the fashion industry in which it operates. Stops using the surname when the Court to prohibit, on the application of the same Lante della Rovere.
He began a series of romantic relationships, not least with the journalist Lino Jannuzzi, which gives an account in the best seller "my first forty years". In 1982 he married civilly with Carlo Ripa di Meana, Marquis family; contracts then religious marriage twenty years later, in 2002.
Since the late ' 70 begins increasingly to appear on tv as a commentator in broadcast where emphasizes the exuberant character and his nature nonconformist; Marina Ripa di Meana frequently appears as a character over the top: debates about politics, on the themes of nature, the countryside, the exaltation of beautiful and especially on the defense of animals.
Friend of intellectuals and writers such as Alberto Moravia and Goffredo Parise, over the years has become increasingly libertarian up to be regarded by many as a symbol of bad tv. Thanks to a nice physical appearance, Marina does not hesitate to be photographed completely nude for campaigns against the use of furs and as testimonial to raise funds for cancer research, bad that twice tackles firsthand overcoming him.
There are many professional activities: he has written several books, mystery novels, but also many autobiographical and sentimental, he directed the film "bad girls" (1992). About his life came two films: "my first forty years" by Carlo Vanzina (1987), highly successful cult films, and "the fairest" by Cesare Ferrario (1989).
In 1990 Marina Ripa di Meana launches and runs for two years, the monthly "Elite" published by Newton Compton & Publisher. In 1995 he became Ambassador in Italy of IFAW (International Fund for Animal Welfare-USA).
In the years ' 90 the soul in Italy as well as in other countries, campaigns against the extermination of the seal Cubs, against the use for fashion and vanity of skins and furs, against bullfighting, against French nuclear testing in the Mururoa Atoll, against gutting the Pincio (2008), against the closure of the historic St James's Hospital in the heart of Rome (2008) , and for the early prevention of tumors.
It has four dogs carlini: Risotto, Apple, Mango and mocha. The Navy has launched under its own brand glasses, porcelain and faux fur.
In 2009 he participates in the reality show "the farm", conducted by Paola Perego on Italy 1.