Backpack, sleeping bag, tent, dishes, clothes, shoes, cleaning and hygiene
Heating, Insulation, travel papers.
Emergency elements we mean that we will use to particular circumstances, such as accidents, illness, rain, etc.. Items you'll use only once, so that we could do without them, but just in case, better to take.
For negative elements we mean that we sometimes see other backpackers carry them, but experience advises us to avoid at all costs, such as ax, machete, shovel, air mattresses, etc..
The backpack is absolutely necessary to carry whatever you relocate. You can use whatever, while we know that a) is not going to break b) enters everything we carry. Beyond these basic considerations, see the characteristics of a good travel backpack.
The shoulder straps should be wide, to distribute the pressure on the skin over a wider area. Ideally, the straps have a factory preset curve and are adjustable.
Distribution and armed: The heaviest glued to the back and closer to the legs. Carp, ideally, if small, can fit in the lower compartment. But may be hanging from the lower straps.
We must bear in mind the place you're going to see if our bag is sufficient to protect us from the cold night. If you go to a very cold place, we can sew a blanket way to make a liner to the bag, but will make the lump bigger and heavier, it can get cold at night. If we sack and the place we go is not very cold, we can improvise a sack with a good pair of blankets or putting clothes in the bag.
The tents are the most popular of igloo, whose support has slipped two rods cross folding and arched way to give height to the store and support the whole. The igloo tents are lighter than Canadian and more stable. Every backpacker has today almost one of these. High Montania Tents are similar to the igloo, but the rods are of smaller diameter than the other and do not intersect but are curved in parallel, forming a tunnel-type disenio. This gives them a low profile that is more stable against the wind. There are igloos be tunnel type, have a lobby that gives the set a closed aerodynamic shape and low profile.
With plate, cup, pot, knife, fork and spoon are fine.
With respect to the covered, we can keep a set of fork, knife, and spoon from home, but it is best done in a camping cutlery set, which are smaller and lighter. These are plastic, stainless steel, metallic glasses with thermal heat retaining cap
Apart from travel thermos which normally has a capacity of one liter, if we turn away from civilization for a long stretch should increase our ability to carry water. So while the heat (we used to carry hot water or chocolate and conserve body heat in cold weather) can carry a bag of water as those used for trekking. They are a hard plastic bags, flexible and transparent, which can charge 2 liters of water to be filled, but a once empty are folded and occupy virtually no space in your backpack. Its weight is negligible, and does a superior alternative to the canteen. In extreme cases we can combine it with the thermos and then have 3 liters of water, enough for drinking and cooking.
In this category we can lso include the elements necessary for a fire: matches or lighter. Among the latter, there are very few studies that are anti-wind, and allow to have a powerful flame outside weather conditions. Butane gas work.
A number is three changes (call underwear, pair of socks and shirt), a set and two in the backpack. Then trousers, there is some clothing that should be worn but number one, because we will use it once in a while, when it is very cold, or will use it on the shirt, so not transpiraremos or at least we can use more a day between washes: long underwear or tights, long-sleeved shirt well wrapped, woven and sweater thermal or wool stockings. This is in general terms.
Ideally are cargo pants, which are those that have large side pockets and even a couple of closures. The advantage is the ability to manage simultaneous objects: wallet, maps, etc..
These pants are sometimes removable portion below the knee with a lock is removed. The good thing is that we in hot shorts, and we have to carry him in a backpack because we already have type 2 to 1. For temperate climates, ie not too cold, not too hot, microfiber pants are best. Microfiber is a fast drying fabric, and is a very breathable fabric, in addition to light.
Gloves and hat are essential for cold, as much as 75% of body heat is lost through the extremities. The wool is good material, the best polar, and some even better waterproof synthetic fibers. Gloves should be waterproof if we go to a cold and rainy. A typical pair of waterproof gloves is made of nylon and polyester outside inside.
The shoes like the rest of the team can, according to their quality, only fulfill its function or contribute to increase the comfort of the trip.
Then we will need a pair of boots lightweight and comfortable. If you are thinking of walking several days with a backpack on his back and sometimes charged for land where no marked trails, think in boots reinforced with more rigid and durable materials.
ELEMENTS OF CLEANING AND HYGIENE
Here are several questions that abracar. Personal hygiene, laundry and dishwashing. Regarding personal hygiene, each more or less known: shampoo (rinse in the case of women) soap, toothbrush and toothpaste is not convenient to buy packets of shampoo and rinse for not carrying bottles. It is much more expensive. In any case, what should get plastic bottles is properly sized to carry the right shampoo for the trip. Do not forget toilet paper
For the washing of clothing, a piece of white soap serve as both the clothes to the dishes. A nail brush to scrub the clothes come in handy for clothes and personal hygiene. For certain cases, it is easier to carry a small bag with soap powder and all you have to do is put the clothes in a bucket and shake a bit (besides comments on the presence of the clothes that remain)
For washing dishes, soap white linen and a piece of sponge. It is convenient to buy sachets of shampoo and rinse for not carrying bottles. It is much more expensive. In any case, what should get plastic bottles is properly sized to carry the right shampoo for the trip.
Towel - The lighter and smaller is to wear a sarong, which is a kind of very thin fabric that is often used for the beach or for picnics. Others prefer to bring a towel right size but very thin, because it has to dry in a short time in order to place it back in the bag. Someone once advised to carry two hand towels instead of a towel, but the results were unsatisfactory.
The floor is a very important source of cold at night. We must isolate it as much as we can because even though our bag is warm we are in direct contact with something very cold
In case you can not get an insulator, can be a good plastic big enough to put under the bag, and below it we can get newspapers, clothing or whatever insulate us a bit of the floor. For those who can not sleep on the hard floor pequeñoscolchones sold foam an inch thick that serve both insulation and mattress.
The ideal model is pequenio and lightweight. Do not take any flashlight batteries bearing medium or large. They spend fast and not justified. There are some that with a twist pequenio become lamps, which will be useful in the tent.
Another luminous object that we can be helpful is such a red light flickering, used by cyclists. It muiy lanyards have a bag to put in if we have to walk down a path at night or in low light hitchhiking.
An alternative linyera serving, although I recommend to be careful, is to take an empty, clean it well to achieve proper reflective inside and put a small candle inside, we can also make a handle with wire.
Penknife - its usefulness lies in its name. Among the uses are more appropriate opener (nothing worse than walking cans of tuna opening knife strokes) and the opener, plus clear edges. Besides traditional disenio are other uses where they are transformed as a clamp handles
Soga - Its use is manifold, for clothes, for tying packages that hang from a backpack or to strangle a fellow traveler when we bancamos no more. That is very thin and light is important, and long enough, it used the tent winds when there is no wind.
Maps. The ideal is to have a detailed map of the region in which you travel. It is true that when one begins to travel map tends to not carry or wear one any good general.
Kit - The kit can be divided into two styles: for the urban traveler and the traveler rugged, aspirin, charcoal tablets, laxative, pervinox or merthiolate, bandages, gauze, medical tape, burn cream and a pair of disposable gloves .
Cell phone charged and with its own charger.
Source of Information and Image: trestiemposymedio