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What is the meaning of Executive Branch? Concept, Definition of Executive Branch

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Executive Branch

Definition, Concept and Meaning: Executive Branch

The executive is the one who is responsible for the political and administrative functions of a state, sharing command with the legislative and judicial branches, with different organization in parliamentary systems with respect to presidential.

In the first, which emerged in England in the late medieval period differ, the head of state with limited specific functions, the head of government, generally exercised by a Cabinet headed by a Prime Minister (in England or Italy ) or by an official in Germany and Spain named Chancellor of the Prime Minister, whose policy should coincide with that of the members of Parliament, a body that elects (the executive is not elected by the people) and controls, as otherwise by a majority of them can be dismissed or resign if he loses his confidence. The executive can also dissolve parliament. They have this system in addition to England, Spain, whose Head of State is also a King, and Italy and Germany, whose head of state is a president they are republics, not monarchies.
In presidential systems, modeled on U.S. charges of Head of State and Government are concentrated in the President, Congress can not dismiss them, nor the President dissolving Congress. Generally the office of President is exercised by one person and is appointed by popular election.
The French system combines both, which may be called mixed or semi-presidential system, headed by the President emerged from the popular will and a Prime Minister who is appointed by the Parliament, with dual authority.

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