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Definition, Concept and Meaning: Judicial BranchThe judiciary is one of the three powers in a democratic state (the others are the Executive and Legislative) fulfills the important task of administering justice, applying the general laws enacted by the Legislature, to the specific cases that are submitted their decisions, so it is very important to their independence from the political power. Judges must resolve cases arising in Continental law, based on the legal framework of the facts that come to their knowledge, sound judgment, and the contribution of the doctrine and jurisprudence. At common law (system) is the case, to have no written law, the predominant source of law.
In Spain, the judiciary exercises its function on behalf of the King, the Constitution guarantees that in your exercise, keep the principles of impartiality, independence, legality, tenure and contradiction, which allows the right of defense. It is composed of single-member judges, and magistrates that conforms colleges. It is divided by subject (civil, social, criminal, administrative and commercial) and territorially. The highest level in the administration of justice is in the Supreme Court who resides in the capital.In France the organ of hierarchically superior judiciary, the Court of Cassation is understood that ultimately appeals.In Argentina, at national level, is composed of a Supreme Court (highest court) and other lower courts: Judges of First Instance and Courts of Appeal.English justice has some common courts (Magistrates Courts in criminal and County Courts dealing with civil matters) and other specialized, technical and complementary. In there is a higher court Supreme Court of Judicature, with two instances. In the first instance, involved the Crown Courts and Superior Crown. The Appellate Court intervenes on appeal. In exceptional cases may be appealed to the House of Lords.