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Definition of SanctionThe sanction word comes from the latin sanctĭo or sanctĭōnis, and is defined as the punishment or penalty assigned to the violation of any law or regulation.
The most common use of the term is related to the law and Criminal Sciences. In this area, a penalty is equivalent to the offence that a person who break laws or rules is worthy. In this sense, to speak of sanctions almost always refers to those due to minor offences, such as for example, the caused while driving a car speeding. Stronger sanctions, such as those involving that person is sent to prison, are called penalties.
In the political world, the sanction is the ability to have heads of State to show that compliant are with the laws made by the legislature. The opposite of the sanction is the ability to veto, which is used by the Presidents or heads of State when they disagree with any law and, therefore, do not want that you entry into force.
In politics and international economics, also called sanctions a series of measures that countries take against another, in order to press it in, for example, negotiating certain agreements. These measures can include things as close embassies in the country, blocking exports or prohibit companies and national banks operating in the country that is pressing. Where more tense, the country can also ban arms exports and even the shipment of food and medicine. International sanctions are considered measures prior to military intervention.
In the study of sociology, called social sanction to the reaction of society to certain specific trends. These trends, even if they are not approved by the society, you don't necessarily have to be prohibited by law.