Psychiatry: Compendium of definitions and concepts
Definition of PsychiatryPsychiatry is the area of the medicine responsible for the research and treatment of mental illness, identify the source of the evil that affects patient and attacking it therapeutically. The science of psychiatry is a plural subject, always open to new notions of completely unknown, because the human mind and its capacity developed thinking, reasoning and decide is highly complex to be studied from a single slope or structure of knowledge, however the more generic cases are treated in conditions more specific, because after treated cases with similar conduct is to establish treatment schemes.
Diseases of the brain can cause two forms, the first of a biological physical way, any damage in the brain structure, these can be caused by a blow or an infection. This type of psychiatric illness is treated initially with antibiotics and painkillers without ruling out a possible mental problem, but being treated like a bruise, if in response consenting patient raves in speech, actions performed are not the most logical or in extreme cases, there is loss of memory is a therapy in psychiatry.
The other way, with features more complex and field of study that investigates thoroughly the origin of psychiatric ills are the symptoms produced by the ingestion of any substance (drugs or narcotics) which cause severe psychiatric disturbances. The best example of this are the drugs, these changes in condition. Narcotics influence in a direct way in the conduct of those who swallow them, causing episodes of violence, physical abuse those who are around him, among other conduct not suitable in the majorities of the societies which they consider illegal the consumption of these substances. Now, consumption in excess of these products can create long-term effects in the consciousness of people, drugs change the way of coordinating the actions of everyday life, turning them into symptoms of psychiatric illness which must begin treatment with a body detoxification for so proceeding with psychiatric therapy.
Concept of PsychiatryAs one of the areas of medicine with greater growth in recent times, psychiatry is one that is interested in the study of the human mind as well as evaluation, diagnosticacion and rehabilitation of diseases or disorders related to it. Psychiatry can be interested in the analysis and treatment of emotional complications and cognitive impairment in the individual.
He is believed that psychiatric practices have existed in humanity since time immemorial in which different societies and cultures attempting to understand and explain various alterations in mental health. The term psyche comes from the Greek and has been always understood as the soul or breath of life of an individual, that which we possess that it makes us different from animals. Psychiatric science will then focus on the analysis, diagnosis and treatment the mental according to those previously set parameters as normal.
Psychiatry is the science that studies mental health from a medical point of view and for many, psychiatry professionals are those who must take into account both social elements such as the biological individual, being then as an intermediate between Neurology and psychology. The presence of disease or mental disturbance is of what psychiatry must deal with through the administration of appropriate treatment. According to psychiatric practices, treatment can count on health care as well as care therapeutic, thus resorting to various theories. Normally, psychiatry is related to the administration of medicines and drugs that must be properly assimilated and controlled in order to prevent the development of dependence to such substances.
Psychiatry today presents different branches and specialisations. Although the adult psychiatry is the most common, there are also for children, adolescent and Geriatric Psychiatry (i.e. for seniors).
Definition of PsychiatryPsychiatry is the science dedicated to the study and treatment of mental illness. Its objective is to prevent, diagnose, treat and rehabilitate the disorders of the mind.
Only in the 19th century mental disorders began to be treated scientifically as diseases. Until then, people who suffered from mental illness were locked up in asylums and received different treatments with the intention of restoring them the reason.
Emil Kraepelin (1856-1926) German tends to be mentioned as the father of Psychiatry and responsible for include this science within the field of medicine. From your contributions, psychiatry began to consider both the psychological and social factors and biological issues in the treatment of patients.
Psychiatric treatments, therefore, can be divided into two major types: biological, which may include the supply of medicines and the application of electroshock to act on the biochemistry of the brain, and the psychotherapeutic, which appeal to psychology techniques.
Psychiatry has several subspecialties, such as psychopathology (which studies the processes that can lead to the mental insanity), psychopharmacology (dedicated to the analysis of the effects of drugs on behavioural treatments, emotional or cognitive) and Sexology (schematic study of human sexuality).
It is known as anti-psychiatry to the set of theories and positions that consider that traditional psychiatry is not beneficial since it uses improper medical concepts, is linked to the economic interests of drug companies, stigmatizes their patients and up to treat people against their own will.
Concept of PsychiatryPsychiatry (from the Greek psyche, soul, e iatreia, healing) is the medical specialty devoted to the study of mental illness in order to prevent, assess, diagnose, treat and rehabilitate people with mental disorders and ensure the autonomy and the adaptation of the individual to the conditions of its existence.
The objective and rigorous study of mental problems is relatively new. Still in the 19th century the mentally ill were detained in asylums where they received "moral treatment" in order to decrease his "mental confusion" and "restore the reason". In the 19th century first arose the concept of "mental illness" and Psychiatry would make their definitive entry into medicine. In 1896, Emil Kraepelin designed a system for the identification and classification of mental problems that would become the basis of modern psychiatric studies.
As a tool at the service of man, medicine relies on the knowledge acquired in their scientific field by applying it to the relief of mental suffering associated with mental health disorders. Psychiatry often adopt a medical model to address mental disorders, but considers both biological factors such as psychological, socio / cultural and anthropological. Its objective is the study of mental illness, biochemical and environmental effects on the dynamics of behavior and how they interact with the body to face the world.
Psychotherapy or psychological treatments, have proven effective in many psychiatric (or psychopathological) issues from psychology. Some psychiatrists conducted postgraduate training in this field after completing his specialization.
According to different models, their action can develop in a hospital (psychiatric hospital), in primary care (Outpatient Psychiatry) or community (Community Psychiatry).
Psychiatric treatments are usually divided into two types: biological and psychotherapeutic.
1. The biological are those who act at the biochemical level in the patient's brain, as it is the case with drugs and electroconvulsive therapy.
2. The psychotherapeutic are those that use techniques such as psychotherapy to improve the patient's condition. However, psychotherapy is an application of psychology, useful in the treatment of psychiatric disorders. Some psychiatrists after his postgraduate decide to specialize in one or more current therapeutic therapies like cognitive-behavioral, the terapia_sistemica, the therapy psychodynamic or psychoanalytic, humanistic psychology, etc. However, universities and centers of postgraduate preparation have been recognizing gradually the need for a disciplined study of psychotherapy during the years of regular training as part of the normal training of the psychiatrist.
Psychotropic drugs are the most common biological treatment used at present, while the clinical psychologist is usually responsible for psychotherapeutic treatment, as well as interdisciplinary collaboration of other professionals such as social workers, nurses, occupational therapists, etc.