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Definition of Another - Compendium of concepts and meanings
1. Definition of otherOne or the other is a technical term used in philosophy, psychoanalysis and anthropology.
The other or other constitutive (also known as otherness) constitutes a key concept of continental philosophy. It is an idea opposed to identity and refers, or attempts to refer to what is «other» against the idea of being considered something. The other, always considered as something different, alludes to another individual rather than oneself and is normally written in capital letters.
The definition of the other is part of which explains to oneself (see himself and self-concept), as well as other phenomena and cultural units. The social sciences have used the concept to understand the process by which societies and groups exclude 'other' that do not fit into their society or occupy a subordinate in her place. The notion of 'otherness' is also an integral part of the understanding of a person, since it is the same individual that assumes one role in relation to "others" as part of a process of reaction that does not have to be related with stigmatization or condemnation.
The notion of otherness is closely tied to national identities, because admission and segregation practices may form or maintain boundaries and national character. Otherness helps distinguish between the family and the distant, between the truth and the uncertain. It often involves the demonization and dehumanization of a group that tries to justify the exploitation of that one lower citing reasons civilizing.
The other in anthropologyAnthropology is the science that deals with the study of the cultural other. How to construct the other since anthropology was varying over time, its two principal moments are the other as distinct and the other how different
The other as distinctThis theory is the first one that exists in anthropology and has strength during the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century. The livelihood of the theory is evolutionary, and relies on three assumptions. Unit biopsiquica who believes that all human beings are essentially equal in biological and psychological aspects, equality of conditions, which believes that all cultures have had similar external conditions and the common origin, which believes that all societies come from the same ancient society. Equal persons to equal stimuli should react equally, so there is a unique culture which progresses through different periods. Different from Western cultures is them considered survivals from the past. These survivals have three characteristics, are earlier in time, i.e. in cultural evolution found in a more ancient time; they have more absences, are considered that they have least amount of technology and therefore of utensils and tools, and are more confusing and indistinct because they have all the institutions of Western society but still not even differentiate.
The other how differentThis theory arose in the 20th century based on relativism which holds that you should look to other cultures from other cultures and not from their own. Cultural relativism sees all how contemporary cultures (different from evolutionism) and with the presence of all the cultural attributes. While they don't own cultural attributes of the West they have other cultural attributes of equal importance. To study other companies used the translation mechanism, where they seek the similarities between Western institutions with those of other cultures. For this reason some authors consider them ethnocentric.
2. Concept of anotherAnother concept is understood from the position that occupies a person or an object within a certain expression. The other is what is different with respect to what is spoken: the notion, can only therefore can be understood within a context.
For example: "my brother isn't the blond boy; It's the other guy that appears in the picture"," I don't like how I am dressed: you could reach me other pants that I left on the bed ","Please come back at another time that I'm now busy".
In the case of the first example, the 'other' is a person who appears in a photograph and is not the brother of whom speaks. Something similar can be said about the second example: "another trouser" is one different from who is using whom is expressed with the phrase. In the third example, a mujersostiene that the present time is not suitable to answer the concern or attend his interlocutor, so requests the return "later".
The adjective another can also be used, together with various nouns associated with a temporal notion, to something that happened in a near past or that will happen as follows: "the other morning also heard strange noises", "I forgot to tell you that the other day I went to have lunch with Lopez", "do the following thing: Let's talk about another week and see how advanced the issue", is it good?"
When a person changes a lot in their behavior or its appearance, we can say that it seems "other" individual: "since he left professional sports, is another Gabriela Sabatini: more talkative and friendly", "you are very skinny! I remember the last time that you had seen and now you're another Ramon".