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Carnival: Compendium of definitions and concepts
Definition of CarnivalThe Carnival is a public celebration that takes place immediately before the Christian lent, with variable date (between February and March according to the year), and that combines some elements like costumes, parades, and parties in the street. By extension some similar celebrations are named at any time of the year. Despite the great differences that its celebration showcases in the world, their common feature is the be a period of permissiveness and some slippage.
On the night of the Carnival, anything goes and tells the legend that's why are masks.
The origin of your celebration seems likely of pagan celebrations, which were held in honor of Bacchus, the God of wine, the Saturnalia and the Roman Lupercalia, or that were performed in honour of the bull Apis in Egypt. According to some historians, the origins of this Festival date back to ancient Sumerian and Egypt, more than 5,000 years ago, with very similar celebrations at the time of the Roman Empire, from where expanded the custom in Europe, being brought to America by Spanish and Portuguese sailors from the 15th century.
The Carnival is primarily associated with Catholicism, and to a lesser extent Eastern Orthodox Christians; the Protestant cultures not usually celebrate Carnival or have modified traditions, such as the Danish Carnival.
According to the Guinness Book of records, the world's largest Carnival celebration is that of Rio de Janeiro; and the more Carnivalesque grouping (comparsa), Galo da dawn in the city of Recife, another very important Carnival site. Other internationally famous Carnival are Santa Cruz de Tenerife and Cádiz in Spain, Oruro in Bolivia, Venice in Italy, Carnival of Barranquilla and the Pasto in Colombia, Veracruz and Mazatlan in Mexico. The longest is the Gualeguaychú in Entre Ríos, Argentina, since it lasts from the first weekend of January until the first weekend of March weekend.
Anthropologists are in Carnival surviving elements of ancient festivals and cultures, as the feast of winter (Saturnalia), Dionysiac celebrations griegas y romanas (Bacchanalia), pre-Hispanic Andean festivals and African-American cultures. Some authors consider that you for rural society, strongly structured by Christianity, «carnestolendas» time offered masques rituals of pagan roots and a period of permissiveness that opposed the Suppression of sexuality and the severe liturgical formality of lent.
Concept of CarnivalAssociated in many cases with religious celebrations, Carnival is a public celebration that takes place mainly in the period of lent in the Christian calendar. However, they can also find or carry out carnivals at different times of the year when seeks to celebrate other than religious reasons.
A carnavel always involves some kind of parade or public activity in which you can participate not only the directly involved with the organization if not throughout the community as a whole. Normally, Carnival is one of the periods that represents more joy, social communion and fun in the year already that everyone, regardless of religion, age or origin may enjoy it.
One of the more salient features of the Carnival is that it can be celebrated by different communities and countries for various reasons. In the majority of situations, its development has to do with traditions, customs and important dates for the specific culture in which it is performed. The Carnival usually make present items such as costumes, party favors, colors, ribbons, decorations of all kinds, masks and playful elements that can be placed in the desfilantes structures in different buildings of the city or town.
Carnival always include addition festivities that take place by long hours, especially dances, music, performances, games and all kinds of divertimentos. At the same time, they tend to combine such scenes with abundant displays of typical foods that can be purchased at affordable prices.
Among the most famous Carnival in the world, Brazil with their comparsas is undoubtedly to the front. Also must mention the beautiful and elegant Venice, Spanish carnivals, Carnival the Carnival in Cologne (Germany), Barranquilla (Colombia), Asian carnivals, the Greece and of Gualeguaychú (Argentina). These carnivals represent the typical festivities of each region and show how the whole planet can enjoy such events.
Definition of CarnivalThe Carnival is an International Festival, a tradition practiced in many European countries and in almost all countries of the American continent. This celebration basically consists of persons participating in her dress, wear masks, and take to the streets amid colorful floats and multitudinous parades where imagination and creativity are unmatched. The meaning of this feast is historically Christian, because it symbolizes a kind of pagan tribute before the celebration of Holy week. The Carnival is a festival that varies in the calendar, according to how it is located the Holy week, which is also variable on the date in which it is performed, the Carnival is exactly 40 (forty) days before Easter, so it takes place between February and March.
In the Carnival, many countries include in their celebration, the most famous of all is the Carnival in Rio de Janeiro, so much that it gives the impression that the Carnival comes from this country. However, despite the fact that history shows us only small vestiges of the provenance of the Carnival, the strongest are associated with pagan festivals that were held in honor of gods in Greece, the Roman Empire and ancient Egypt. The Festival of Carnival is practiced by Catholic Christians, is the most tolerant religion against others who are Orthodox in the topic a bit.
There are schools of samba, choreography and comparsas, which work throughout the year building carriages, putting together costumes and rehearsing his traditional dance to participate in an apotheosis parade held in a tourist complex called the Sambadrome in Rio de Janeiro, it consists of a huge Street why the floats along with their garotas and dancers, this street this surrounded by bleachers dealing with visitors coming from all parts of the world.
Carnival is also notable in Europe, in which stands a sober but interesting Carnival in Venice, in Argentina, Venezuela, Mexico and Colombia are also large parades and get used to playing with water, this is a Caribbean tradition in which form large wars where the main armament are water pumps and guns that ejected liquid.
Concept of CarnivalThe word Carnival comes in suetimologia from the latin "carnevale", consisting of "meat" and "levare" in the sense of remove, that celebrated, in the three days prior to lent where meat is not consumed. This etymology fuepropuesta by the medieval church, although it could also have pagan unorigen, such as which argues that it was the meat that ofrendaba the Canaanite God Baal name.
When farmers with masks, not differentiate social and painted, danced next to the fire to pay tribute to agriculture was held before the advent of Christ.
The most famous carnivals are which are celebrated in Venice, followed by Brazilian carioca Carnival and Paris.
Each place has its own way of celebrating it. In Paris a special cavalcade is made: 'the great parade of the fat ox', EU is to stroll through the streets to a very big buy, ta as Apis would have made the Egyptians, adradores of the buy. The feast of the King was suppressed in 1790. In 1897 was formalized this event parading from then on, the buy along with the floats.
In Bolivia are made they dance popular, costumes are displayed and gives homage to the Earth, or Pachamama.
Siberian Carnival is called maslenitsa, then eat the week of festivities a few tortillas that is smeared with "maslo" which means butter.
Maslenitsa is also the name that receives a doll made of rags and straw and adorned with colorful clothes and a handkerchief on the head, great dimensions that starring in the festivities. Occurs at the beginning of spring by which is also the celebration of the completion of the winter.