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Chlorophyll: Compendium of definitions and concepts
Definition of chlorophyllChlorophylls (from Greek χλωρος, chloros "green", and φύλλον, fylon, "leaf") is a family of pigments of green color found in cyanobacteria and in all those organisms containing chloroplasts in their cells, which includes various groups of protists that are called algae and plants. Chlorophyll is an extremely important, critical biomolecule in the photosynthesis process that enables plants to absorb energy from light.
The chlorophylls are a group of pigments that are found in diverse eukaryotes that have mitochondria (plants, algae) and some prokaryotes: bacteria (cyanobacteria, green and purple bacteria), which do not possess chloroplasts, therefore, its pigments found in external membrane systems: (vesicles, Lamelas, chromatophores) and are in the domain eubacteria and eucarya.((22))
The structure of the molecules of chlorophyll has two parts: a Porphyrin ring (replaced with small groups linked, substituents) and a long chain called Phytol. It is a tetrapyrrole, with four pentagonal pyrrole rings linked to form one larger ring that is the Porphyrin. Blood hemoglobin and other proteins also contain a Porphyrin, which that otherwise constitutes the main thing a 'heme' group; and Porphyrin is also found in the structure of vitamin B12. Heme contains an atom of iron (Fe); Porphyrin of chlorophyll takes place equivalent an atom of magnesium (Mg2 +). Certain peaks in the spectrum of radiation absorption (see graphic below) is a property of those organic molecules that contain conjugated double bonds (double bonds alternating with single bonds); You can see in contiguous developed formulas that ring porfirinic is rich in such links.
The fitilo (or the rest of Phytol; we call rest or residue on the part of a molecule incorporated into a larger structure) is a hydrocarbon chain with remains of methyl (-CH3) lengthwise. It has, like all organic chains based only on C and H, a "hydrophobic" character; in other words, that it repels water. The fitilo chain serves to anchor the structure chlorophyll molecule transmembrane of molecular complexes which reside the chlorophylls.
Concept of chlorophyllChlorophyll is a Green pigment that feature vegetables, some algae and bacteria and that facilitates the production of photosynthesis, which is the conversion of light energy into chemical energy stable.
This pigment, also stands out as a nutritional supplement that possesses a high deodorizing efficiency, for example, turns out to be widely used in the manufacture of products to combat bad breath which can result in tobacco, alcohol, certain foods, among others, and is also effective in removing those smells caused by perspiration.
Others and most important actions which also emphasizes the chlorophyll are: antioxidant, nutrition and strengthening the circulatory and intestinal systems, significant decrease in serum triglycerides and cholesterol levels, their potential anti carcinogenic and mutagenic makes that chlorophyll can be effective in protecting against the action of some toxins and also can improve the side effects caused by some drugseffective reduction of urinary and fecal smell when it comes and has also demonstrated its effectiveness in constipation and can be beneficial in the treatment of stones of calcium oxalate, among other situations.
Chlorophyll was discovered in 1817, by two French chemists, Caventou and Pelletier, who managed to isolate it from the leaves of the plants.
To the chlorophyll it is detected very easily as a result of his performance against the light. The optical measurement of the concentration of chlorophyll in a sample of water, is simple, do not demand much work and allows sufficient phytoplankton concentration estimation.
Although, there are also other forms of measurement such as by systems of remote sensing shall inform not only on primary production but also on interannual fluctuations and seasonal fluctuations, in this case an invaluable ally when it comes to research on climate change and ecological, globally.
Definition of chlorophyllThe word chlorophyll recognizes etymological suorigen in the Greek word 'chloros' meaning green, and "phyllon" which alludes to leaf, and designates the pigment that colors the leaves of green, which is located within the chloroplasts.
In each plant cell we can find between 20 and 100 chloroplasts, observable microscopically, composed of stacked discs that are called thylakoids, protected by two membranes, which stored inside chlorophyll. This is prepared in movies among the strata of protein and lecithin. Its molecular structure consists of two parts; a long string that receives the name of Phytol and a Porphyrin ring.
Chlorophyll Alpha is coloured blue in its solid state, while the beta, with a carbon oxidized over, is dark green, resulting in methyl alcohol-soluble.
Chlorophyll is a biomolecule that complies with a leading role in the process defotosintesis, in its first stage, since it absorbs light from the Sun, and thus obtieneenergia, which allows you to transform into food, water, which breaks down enhidrogeno and oxygen; and converts the carbonic gas, the air intake or which was dissolved in water, organic carbon.
Chlorophyll or Green pigment, essential in plants because without it they could not feed to be autotrophs, comes outside to crush blade, process originating cell breaking, as well as the thylakoids and chloroplasts. Dissolved in alcohol alcoholic solution of chlorophyll is obtained. Industrial use is how deodorant and colouring of organic substances.
Concept of chlorophyllChlorophyll. It is pigment photoreceptor responsible for the first stage in the transformation of the energy of sunlight into chemical energy, and consequently the molecule responsible for the existence of life on Earth. Be within specific organelles, chloroplasts, associated to lipids and lipoproteins.
Green is the color of some of the most ancient life forms. Chlorophyll is responsible for the green color of the plants, which transform the sunlight in natural chemical energy through the process of photosynthesis. Since ancient times Green foods, rich in chlorophyll, have been traditionally used for debug, renew and protect the body. Chlorophyll is the palpable demonstration of the vital force of the plants on the health of man.
The conclusion of chlorophylls in the temperate and polar zones of the oceans is remarkable, in coastal areas is also abundanteEs pigment photoreceptor responsible for the first stage in the transformation of the energy of sunlight into chemical energy, and consequently the molecule responsible for the existence of life on Earth; found in specific organelles, chloroplasts, associated to lipids and lipoproteins, you can find such as nutritional supplements, both tablets and liquid.
There are two main types of chlorophyll: chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b
The main function of chlorophyll is photosynthesis, the role of chlorophylls in photosynthesis is the absorption of photons of light with the subsequent excitation of an electron, that excited electron yields his power, returning to the normal state, some auxiliary pigment (sometimes other chlorophylls), where repeats the phenomenon; at the end the excited electron facilitates the reduction of a molecule, and thus completed the conversion of a small amount of light energy into chemical energy, one of the essential functions of photosynthesis.
• Vitamins: A, C, D, E, K, U and B vitamins, carotene, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, Pantothenic acid, Pyridoxine, inositol, biotin, folic acid.
• Minerals: sodium, magnesium, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, iron, cobalt, copper, manganese, molybdenum, boron, chlorine, as well as trace amounts of zinc, strontium, and nickel.