Definitions and concepts of incest
Definition of incestIncest (from the latin incestus) is the practice of sexual relations between individuals related to each other, either through Alliance (kinship by affinity, marriage) or by consanguinity (blood or biological kinship).
Throughout history and in different socio-cultural fields has prevailed the prohibition of incest and the search for new links of kinship outside the social group of origin (orientation family), although the degree of relationship in which prohibited varies according to each context. This rule is called exogamy, as opposed to inbreeding.
Anthropology of kinship has studied the dual organization of society in different primitive cultures to reach the conclusion that individuals have traditionally sought sexual access to women outside the family group. The concept of dual organization of society refers to the grouping of human beings, as a minimum, two rival tribal segments. These would be clanico and their lineages, if you can establish the genealogical link with an ancestor concrete, would seek to establish a new social relationship of friendship and mutual cooperation through what we call 'marriage' - affinity or Alliance previously alluded - relationship.
The marriage exists in many cultures as a social institution which has as objective the legitimation of sexual union of the couple of adults, as well as the tenure of their progeny.
However the marriage is not universal, or at least as we understand it in the West, paying this to numerous variants and different social situations depending on the society taken as a reference. Mut marriage ' of Middle East and the system of the Nayar in the India parenting are some examples .
However, are some historical exceptions to the universal prohibition of incest. We have cases of the monarchies of the ancient Egypt (see, for example, the monarch of the Tawantinsuyo's biography of Cleopatra, who ruled in the first marriage with one of his brothers, then another; and those of the ancient Hawaiian monarchs). In all cases took precedence a «reason of State"that could be summarized in the attempt to keep concentrated power in a family (dynasty); This is why such incest tended to be at times nominal and was prevalent polygamy of males in these pairs of legalized incest; Interestingly, such incest often concluding with fratricidal dynastic wars.
However, there are certain cultures and societies in which incestuous relationships are a common and accepted social practice. This is the case of Tibet, where several brothers can share the same wife. In that sense, we can talk about any individual related to another through the relationship of filiation (patrifiliacion in the case of the relationship of an individual male or female with her biological father and matrifiliacion in the case of the relationship between an individual male or female with her biological mother).
The vast majority of the laws of the world consider, for any reason or taboo, incest as a crime, although it is practiced with mutual consent between adults. The penalties prescribed in this case range from severe punishment to social repudiation without greater consequences for the individual.
Concept of incestThe definition of incest takes into consideration the betrayal of trust and the imbalance between the unilateral links. Such a definition is: "the imposition of inappropriate sexual acts, or acts with sexual innuendo... by one or more persons who derive authority with ongoing emotional bonding with that child. This definition extends the traditional definition of incest to include sexual abuse by anyone who has authority or power concluded the child, among whom may be their parents, babysitters, relative relatives, teachers, guardians, among others incest between an adult and a child or a teenager related now is recognized as the most frequent form of child sexual abuse and as one with great potential for damage to the child "."
With the increase in divorce rates, more children are at greater risk than ever. Women, in their attempts to find a mate, can involuntarily put their children at greater risk for sexual abuse men dating. If the marriages of the mother, according to a survey made by Russell, "stepchildren" have busy eight times more at risk of sexual abuse by stepfathers raised than daughters raised by their biological parents, as some researchers have begun to suspect, may be the case that a growing number of stepfathers is really, men who marry divorced or single women with families as a way to get to be near children.
In the study of Finkelhor, the experiences of boys are somewhat different from girls. They are above all homosexuals (experiences), and least often involve family members. However, the boys seem to be victims of force and coercion just as often as girls. Girls and boys state than in over half of the incidents some form of coercion was used.
According to Diane Russell (the secret trauma) and David Finkelhor (sexual abuse) of child 95% of the girls perpetrated are men and 80% of those committed guys are men, this may be the main reason why incest talking is larger than the incest taboo yes same! Who carry out the power in our society? Men. The majority of judges, police, complainants and others responsible for the protection and application is men.
Freud, in 1896, was the first to recognize the connection between mental health problems for adult survivors and their latest stories of sexual abuse of the child, thus explaining the problem of hysteria. This led to his theory of seduction. After much uproar of his contemporaries (many of who were involved as perpetrators), Freud denounces the seduction theory and the replaced by edipal theory. Edipal theory saw incestuous accounts of the victims as mere sexual fantasies.
Definition of incestLong-understood as a taboo item in many human (though not in all) societies, the phenomenon of incest is one of significant complexity. When we talk about incest, we make reference to sexual relations can be established between people who are familiar or who have ties of kinship among themselves (e.g., between siblings, cousins or parents and children). The notion of incest is present both in societies and civilizations of great modernism and cultural advancement, and in primitive societies that remain completely isolated from the rest of the world.
The notion of incest is considered taboo because it involves a socially prohibited act or less extremely badly when seen by the remaining members of the society. In a sense, although the idea of incest has to do more than anything with a sociological limitation of identity, is also considered possible that the product of sexual intercourse between relatives derive in individuals with different levels of disability or mental deficiency.
One of the issues mentioned and more widespread when creating the notion of incest is one that assumes that if there is the same, it enters clear danger the continuity of the human race. This is because to maintain different (not only sexual) social relations of intra-family mode, human groups never contactarían among themselves and would be, therefore, destined to disappear. The opening of the family and the progressive abandonment of the closure link posed the family is, ultimately, what the human race keeps alive and growing.
Throughout history, the human being has shown great interest by the issue of incest, precisely because it is a taboo, prohibited phenomenon. Thus, not only in real life, if not in large and famous literary and artistic works the issue of incest is present despite known socially as a problem for human continuity.
Concept of incestThe term comes from the latin incestus and defines the violation of the Statute of limitations governing the regime of sexual unions and alliances whose objective is to preserve the exogamico order.
Wider diffusion theory attributed to taboo or tradition in these aspects a biological natural origin, while acknowledging that the rule has social entity. The taboo would be the expression of the natural repulsion in order to protect societies from the unfavorable genetic consequences that could result from inbred marriages.
n Greek and Egyptian mythology we find several examples about incestuous relationships established among siblings, parents and children, as in the case of the god Zeus who had children with her sisters Demeter and Hera.
One of the best known at present and whose name was taken up by Freud to formulate the theory about the "Oedipus complex", is this name Oedipus character, appearing in the fantastic stories of Greek tragedy.
The mythical tale chronicles the life of the son of the King of Thebes named Oedipus, who is sent to die by his own father to learn through the Oracle at Delphi that child when he became adult was going to kill him to stay with his wife.
Oedipus manages to survive and is adopted by a family. Entrance to his adolescence, discussed his companions was not son of those people who had acobijado. For this reason Oedipus decides to consult the Oracle to remove doubts, who confirms her suspicions and also anticipates him that he would kill his father to marry his mother.
Wanting to escape his fate, Oedipus embarks on a journey to get away, but their fate was already sealed: finally kills his father at a crossroads without knowing who he was, is appointed King, marries the widow (who was his mother) and has four children with her.