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Municipal Government: Compendium of definitions and concepts
Definition of Municipal GovernmentThe municipal government is exercised its power over a municipality, mimic administrative political unit within a national State, with greater or lesser autonomy according to the countries. It also receives the names of City Council (Spain or Mexico); City Hall is called in Colombia; and in Bolivia, Municipal self-government.
The term municipality is used in Chile, Peru, Costa Rica and Argentina. Referring to the latter country, the municipality of Buenos Aires was created by Decree of the then Governor of the province of Buenos Aires and Director of the Confederation, Justo José de Urquiza, on September 2, 1852, to be a model for cities in the rest of the country, considering that the interests and the city's heritage would be better managed by a local authorityclosest to the residents and their problems.
The municipalities of the province of Buenos aires (Argentina) have the same powers of the national and provincial State: the Executive Branch, headed by the Mayor, elected by the people of the municipality, and also composed his Secretaries, comprise the Executive Department. Its function is the local administraciongeneral, the preparation of the budget and inspections.
Make up the legislative branch the aldermen, forming the deliberative Council, whose sessions are public, and they are elected by popular vote. Its function is to elaborate ordinances, which are the legal rules that govern at local level, in your jurisdiction. The themes are that concern to that specific sector of the country, for example, what public works have been performed, the modification of the collection system of waste, neighbourhood safety, cleaning the streets, the control of the sale of alcoholic beverages to minors, etc. They also set the amount of municipal charges, e.g. for lighting and cleaning. The Ordinances drawn up by the aldermen are approved or rejected by the Mayor.
The judiciary is played by municipal courts; and the inspectors are responsible for monitoring compliance with Ordinances and apply the fines corresponding to the offenders.
Currently the city of Buenos Aires is governed by a head of Government and a Vice Chairman, who is the President of the legislature (the legislature exercises the legislative power) and replaces the head of Government. The judiciary is headed by the Supreme Court of justice.
Definition of Municipal GovernmentThe municipal government is exercised by a mayor and a City Council. Both the Mayor and the City Council members are popularly elected by direct vote.
The Mayor is the Executive authority. The City Council is the deliberative body of the municipality and exercise control over the administrative activity of the Mayor. Acts of legislation dictated by the Council are called Ordinances.
The mayor shall be suspended in the exercise of the Office when the Council, by decision expresses and motivated and the vote of the ³⁄₄ parts of its members impruebe memory and its annual management account. In this same Act the Council shall convene a referendum which will be held in 30 days so that local voters decide on the revocation or not the mandate of the Mayor.
The municipal councils will be integrated in the following manner:
1. By five Councillors in ye municipalities with up to fifteen thousand inhabitants.
2. By seven Councillors in municipalities that have fifteen to fifty thousand inhabitants.
3. By nine councillors in municipalities that have fifty thousand to two hundred thousand inhabitants.
4. By eleven Councillors in municipalities that have two hundred thousand one to five hundred thousand inhabitants.
5. By thirteen Councillors in municipalities that have a 500,000 one to seven hundred and fifty thousand inhabitants.
6. by fifteen Councillors in municipalities that have seven hundred fifty thousand one to one million inhabitants.
7. By seventeen Councillors in municipalities that have more than one million inhabitants.
Concept of Municipal GovernmentA municipality is an administrative entity that can be grouped in a single locality or several, which can refer to a city, town or village.
The municipality is composed of a territory clearly defined by a municipal limits (although sometimes it is not continuous territorially, and may extend beyond its limits with exclaves and presenting enclaves of other municipalities) and the population that inhabits it regulated legally by statistical tools such as the municipal register and mechanisms that give rights, such as the avecindamiento or legal neighbourhoodthat considers only neighbor to the inhabitant that meets certain characteristics - origin or antiquity - and not the mere resident.
The Township is governed by a collegial body called City Hall, municipality, Mayor or Council, headed by a one-man institution: the Mayor (in the old regime in Spain a mayor by the noble status and another plain State; and in major cities had a magistrate appointed by the King). By extension, is also used the term Township to refer to the city or municipality itself. In the majority of modern States, a municipality is the smallest administrative division that owns its own representative leaders, democratically elected. In some Spanish municipalities still operates the medieval regime of Government, management and decision for Assembly participation called open Council.
In ancient Rome, a municipium (Latin word which originates the "municipio" castellana) was a free city that is ruled by its own laws, although its inhabitants enjoyed very different legal situations, because they obtained their rights not by their residence therein, but by the possession of Roman citizenship, the condition of freedom or slavery, etc.
In some countries, equivalent to the municipalities entities are called "communes" (for example, French commune, Italian comune or the Swedish kommun). The term derives from the medieval commune (Italian city-States, Imperial free city).
Definition of Municipal GovernmentCity Council, Mayor, local Corporation, municipal corporation, local government or municipal government, are different names for the institution which performs the functions of organ of Government or local authority of a municipality.
It is usually presided over by a mayor, Mayor, President of commune or mayor, who holds the Presidency of the local administration and the plenary municipal; and formed by the Councillors or mayors, meeting in plenary, they exercise the regulatory power at the local level. In some cases the municipalities of small towns are governed by some kind of Assembly system, such as the traditional that in Spain is called open Council, or deliberative Council (in countries such as Argentina).
By extension, it also tends to call City Hall, municipality or commune to the Town Hall, the building that serves as the headquarters of the institution.
Generally, the City Council is the administrative body of smaller territorial range and, therefore, the closest to the citizen; Although the large municipalities tend to be administratively subdivided into neighborhoods, districts, barracks, sections, delegations, grois or (these last ones more rural) districts.
Concept of Municipal GovernmentMunicipal governments are elected by citizens bodies which are competent to exercise the Executive and administrative functions that correspond to the third political-administrative level of Government.
Municipal governments may define how to comply with the duties and functions assigned by the departmental government by Decree departmental or incorporated by law.
They are tasks of municipalities, among others, draw up and submit to the / Mayor/a and the neighborhood Council of the municipality, the Municipal Development and Municipal budget Plan, as well as run them and manage them in accordance with the provisions in force.
• Planning, implementation and maintenance of works relating to the secondary road network.
• Maintenance of street lighting located on secondary streets.
• Cleaning and maintenance of public spaces and green areas up to 10,000 m2.
• Social, cultural and environmental protection programmes.
• Comply with and enforce the Constitution, laws, decrees and other departmental rules.
• Ensure respect for rights and fundamental guarantees.
• Collaborate in the management of national public policies.
• Foster the institutionalized participation of the / neighbours in the communal life through neighborhood councils.
• Make public information on Municipal management.
From this level it will lead to the participation of the / neighbours in the communal life and support the development of management associated between the State and community experiences.