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Observation: Compendium of definitions and concepts
Definition of observationObservation. It is the technique of basic research, which underpin all others, since it establishes the basic relationship between the subject who observes and the object which is observed, which is the beginning of all understanding of reality.
The comments are the most direct, useful and old information gathering method. As a research technique, it has wide scientific acceptance. Sociologists, psychologists, and industrial engineers widely use this technique in order to study people in their group activities and as a member of the organization. The purpose of the organization is multiple: allows the analyst to determine that it is being done, as it is being done, who does it, when carried out, how long it takes, where it becomes and it becomes.
Observe is not simply "Watch". He is observed with a purpose, with a research mission that meet, the researcher to observe seeks answers to questions, answer questions. Helps to confirm or refute the information that has been obtained through interviews, questionnaires, analysis of documents or other media, etc.
Basic elements of the observation process
1 Subject or observer, in which are included the constituent elements of this, both the sociological and cultural, as well as the specific experiences of the researcher.
2. Object of observation: that is the reality, but where has introduced procedures of selection and discrimination, to separate it from other sensations. The facts in reality gross have been transformed into a process of concrete knowledge data.
3 Circumstances of observation: are the specific conditions that surround the fact of observing and end up as part of the own observation.
4. The means of observation: are the senses and instruments developed by human beings to extend the senses or invent new ways and fields for observation.
5 Body of knowledge: is the set of knowledge properly structured in scientific fields that allow that there is a comment and that the results of this are integrated into a broader knowledge body.
Types of observation
• Structured observation: carried out through the establishment of a system that guides the observation, step by step, and relating it to the set of research that is carried out.
• Open observation: lacks an organized system and carried out freely; It is used when you want to capture the spontaneous movement of a certain group of people, for example in anthropological studies.
• Semi-structured observation: this type of observation is based on a structured pattern, but applied in a flexible manner according to the way that adopts the observation process.
• Participant observation: in earlier forms of observation, has been implicit to the observer behaves in the most neutral way possible regarding events you are observing. In the case of participant observation, the subject who observes is accepted as a member of the human group that is observed, albeit provisionally.
Participant observation has merit not only to try to explain social phenomena but try to understand them from the inside, which implies bringing to light the rational processes that are hidden behind behaviours which may apparently lack meaning to an outside observer.
Then since this technique has the danger of production information bias, where the researcher favors its role as a member of the community rather than as observer integrated to a certain research, that it is partially take distance from his subject.
Concept of observationGenerally speaking, when someone speaks of observation is referring to the action and result of observing something or failing someone. When there is any question what I do is examine the thing with much stopping, looking at it very carefully, in order to warn its advantages and disadvantages. Observation is an activity carried out almost all living things, because as well described, the implementation of the same allows them to extract and assimilate very valuable information for their development, growth and even survival.
While it will be the sense of sight which prevails at the time of the observation, it is also recurrent that carry it out are used for some specific instruments that will facilitate the same.
Almost all sciences, at some point, throw hand of observation in its goal to continue exploring and adding knowledge about the matter which is dealt with. Especially, those in which it is a rather complex move the object of study to the laboratory, for example, astronomy. Then, the observation beside experimentation form part of scientific method working in a complementary manner and thus allowing the empirical verification of phenomena.
Observation of scientific type basically involves measuring and observe those plausible facts of observation. Such activity shall be made without subjectivity, feelings and opinions involved so they diverted the scientific task that is being followed.
After close observation, the scientist, will develop a hypothesis as a tentative explanation of what has been observed. Then a conjecture will take place and finally arrive at a conclusion which is that in the final accounts will contribute to the knowledge of the issue that was under observation, in study.
Above mentioned to astronomy as a science that especially need the observation to carry out the study of its object of study, insofar, art, is also another area that requires observation to be able to analyze the visual and technical quality of a painting, understand and interpret what the artist who did it wanted to express through it.
Another of the uses which records the term observation is an indication. Juan made several observations about the behavior of Mary after the feast.
And the last of the meanings that is also attributed to the word is the note that is attached to a letter to clarify or specify any issue.
Definition of observationFrom latin observatĭo, observation is the action or effect of observing (examine with attention, look with modesty, warn). It is an activity carried out by human beings to detect and assimilate information. The term also refers to the registration of certain facts through the use of instruments.
The observation is part of the scientific method by allowing, along with experimentation, empirical verification of phenomena. Most of Sciences use observation and experimentation in a complementary manner.
Astronomy is often taken as an example of science based on observation. In this case, experimentation is not possible since the object of study can not be moved to the laboratory.
The scientific observation consists of the measuring and recording of the observable facts. This activity should be objectively, without being the opinions, feelings and emotions to influence scientific work.
After making the remark, the scientist must develop a hypothesis as a tentative explanation of the observed phenomenon. In the next step of the scientific method, a prediction (as a logical consequence of observation) is made and usually experience from these ideas. Finally, the scientist will be able to reach a conclusion and, thus, contribute to the knowledge.
The observation is also performed in the field of art and consists of a detailed look to appreciate the characteristics of a work. Looking at a piece of art with care, it is possible to analyse the Visual qualities and understand the meaning of what the artist wanted to express.
Concept of observationObservation is the technique of collecting information which is basically, observe, collect and interpret actions, behaviors and acts of persons or objects, as they usually performed. This process seeks to contemplate how it develops these characteristics in a given context, without intervening on them or manipulate them in a careful and systematic.
Also referred to as observation to the written note which explains, clarifies or corrects a data, error or information that can confuse or doubt. In general, this clarification is in books, texts or writings.
In the Act of observation can be distinguished: the observer, the object of observation, the media to observe the conditions of observation and the system of knowledge related to the purpose of the observations and interpretations resulting from it.
Observation is the oldest and the most used in research, is the initial and fundamental process of the scientific method. The scientific observation consists in the study of a particular phenomenon or a specific event that occurs in its natural condition. It allows to realise the phenomena that occur in our around through the senses.
In the observation put the 5 senses in guard. Not only the view, also hearing, touch, taste and smell. To make reliable observation must be retailers and objectively assess all the features and elements involved in the event that will be studied, as well as annotate all numerical and bibliographic data which we can find about this.
It is important to stress the difference between watch and see. See is perceive images without detailing them, on the other hand when we observe we look carefully.
From observation arises the problem being study, which leads to emit any hypothesis or provisional assumption that you attempt to extract a consequence, and experimentation.
There are various types of observation, which we have natural observation, structured observation, experimental observation, participant observation, auto observation, covert and not covert observation, artificial observation, and direct and indirect observation.
Definition of observationThe watch Word, refers to the result and the very fact of observing, and derives etymologically from the Latin word "observatio', which involves directing the gaze on an object using the sense of sight, and the rest of the senses, sometimes with the help of other more accurate instruments, doing so in a conscious way, a goal-oriented and systematic. It is a gaze, but not vague and distracted, but attentive, deep analytical, to apprehend the thing ofenomeno.
The scientific method includes it as your first step, and should the observer know the object or fact that is going to observe, to be able to describe it, measure it, break down it into parts (if appropriate) compare it, for the purpose of drawing conclusions and be able to formulate the hypothesis. You must choose what tools will help you in the observation and the scope of the same.
The observation of classes, is used as a method of qualification of a teacher or teaching future, which analyzes your posture, your image, your professional quality, modulating his voice, exposed content, pedagogical tools, etc.
Observation fulfils important roles not only in the scientific field, but in other areas, as in art.
Enterprise-level observation is very important for the future of the entity. You can make an internal observation, by managers and staff, and an outer, carried out by professionals, and more objective.
Other meaning of the term is to refer to the notes placed usually at the foot of a document where clarification or specifications about the Treaty are made.
The observation of a standard means to abide by it, for example: "standards can have validity but however, not having valid if there is your comment".