What is the meaning of Standard? Concept, Definition of Standard

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Standard concepts and definitions

Standard definition

A standard is a set of standardized rules containing a catalogue of requirements. These requirements relate both to products and processes. Standardization collects the desires, the proposals of all relevant institutions such as manufacturers, consumer associations, lawyers, research centres, the entities of certification and inspection.
Without these rules the current movement of goods, would be unthinkable since each one of the products should be reviewed according to specific criteria. They exist at different levels and with different scope.
• Standards at national level, for example:-the standards DIN in Germany (Deutsches Institut für Normung)
• Standards at European level (standards in the EU)
• International standards such as IEC standards and ISO standards recognized by a large number of Nations in the world
Each rule has a field of validity that defines the application. For this reason, many products are subject to many rules. A coffeemaker, for example, must meet several standards, electrical safety, electromagnetic compatibility and even hygiene.
Since the rules create comparability, they form the basis of much of examinations carried out TÜV Rheinland Group. In this way, the results can contrast immediately and easily. In addition, develop further tests based on individual criteria.
Product standards
So muss beispielsweise eine Grosspresse OS konstruiert sein, dass der Bediener beide Hande braucht, um sie zu aktivieren. Dadurch kann er seine Hande nicht in den Gefahrenbereich bringen.
The standards provide guidelines suitable for protection against personal and material damage in connection with the product. Thus, pressure equipment must be designed in such a way that operator needs both hands to put it in gear and avoid possible risks well.Another example is given by compatibility electromagnetic electric and electronic devices which are governed by rules. This is the reason that a radio, a TV, a microwave and a razor will not interfere.
TÜV Rheinland Group belongs to one of the organizations that contribute to the creation and development of standards, standards based on quality, comfort or ease of use. These products represent, therefore, an added value for the user and an important argument of selling against the competition.
Standards for systems and management processes
Standards for processes generally require activities and concrete results. The goal of organizations is ensuring the effectiveness of the management process. Thus the ISO 9001 standard requires manufacturers to check and improve the degree of customer satisfaction. In any efficient organization virtually all management regulations require that this satisfaction is defined and documented accurately.
The best-known management systems standards are as follows:
• Quality management on the basis of standards ISO 9000 / 9000: 2000
• Based on ISO 14001 environmental management
• Management of prevention of labour risks based on OHSAS 18001
• Safety management based on BS 7799-2
• The working conditions on the basis of the "ethical code"SA 8000 management


Concept of standard

Normalization or standardization is the drafting and adoption of standards that are established to ensure coupling of elements constructed independently, as well as ensure the replacement if necessary, guarantee the quality of manufactured items, the safety of operation and working with social responsibility.
Normalization is the process of designing, implementing and improving the rules that apply to different activities scientific, industrial or economic in order to sort them and improve them. The American Association for testing materials (ASTM) defines standardisation as the process of formulating and implementing rules for an orderly approach to a specific activity for the benefit and with the cooperation of all involved.
According to ISO (International Organization for Standardization) standardisation is the activity which aims to establish, before problems real or potential, provisions for common and repeated use in order to obtain a level of optimal order in a given context, which can be technological, political or economic.
Standardization primarily pursues three objectives:
• Simplification: it is reduce models to keep only the most necessary.
• Unification: to allow the Exchange at the international level.
• Specification: pursues are avoid identification errors by creating a language clear and precise.
The high sums of money that the developed countries invest in standardization, both national and international agencies is proof of the importance given to standardization.
It should take into account standardization and certification are not the same thing. Normalization is to develop, disseminate and implement standards. While certification is the action carried out by a recognized entity as independent of the interested parties through which manifests is conformity, requested on a voluntary basis, of a specific company, product, service, process or person, with the minimum requirements defined in the standards or technical specifications.

Concept of standard

A standard is a set of rules that must meet the products, procedures or investigations that claim to be compatible with the same product. The standards offer many benefits, reducing the differences between products and creating an atmosphere of stability, maturity and quality for the benefit of consumers and investors.
The lack of biometric standards at industrial level has hampered the development of some types of biometric systems and the growth of this industry sector. However the biometric industry is taking a very active role to solve the problem of the lack of standards generating results that begin to be widely accepted by industrialists and leading the way to follow in the near future. The efforts that are being made and those already carried out have pursued different objectives ranging from the definition of API (Application Programming Interface), the formats of the files with information from biometric parameters, encryption of the biometric information, interaction between different biometric devices, etc.


Standard definition

The standard word comes from the "Standard" English, which in turn originated in the French "standort", Word composed of "stand" which means standing, and "ort" = high place, which is where the Franks placed his flag so that no enemies would take at the time of the barbarian invasions. This is also the origin of the word banner.
Standard came to mean a model, standard, rule or pattern to follow, in reference to that flag that guided the armies. They set minimum guidelines to what behaviors or products should be adjusted to be effective, positive, useful or reliable.
Standards are constructions cultural, carried out by those who poseenautoridad ethical, technical, theoretical or scientific, as appropriate, of public conocimientoque give us confidence in our actions, as we serve as a guide and reference, and a posteriori controls produced to make a value judgement about it.
To develop models or standards they can be considered past experiences that will shed data, and these are called statistical standards. Others are made in technical manner, carrying out specific studies, while the rest can originate in valuation and subjective judgments.
In economics, called standard cost that is based on normal levels of efficiency, taking into account materials, labor, depreciation of machinery and so on, and they serve to plan investments.
Products standards, according to a model, are all identical, allowing to make them serially, and generally are used by companies with products not diversified, for example, in the automotive category. This originates a reduction of additional cost, optimizing resources and processes.
Standard furniture are those that are not made to the extent that need cadacliente, but manufactured according to what is in common use.
Standard life or living standards is the measure that determines the comfort with which people develop their existence, and can be measured individually or in groups.