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What is the meaning of Industrial Engineering? Concept, Definition of Industrial Engineering

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1. Definition of Industrial Engineering

Industrial engineering is a specialized branch of engineering, responsible for the design and optimization of complex systems and processes. Despite what its name might indicate, the industrial engineering is not only restricted to industry but to optimizing every process, system, or organization. The aim is to achieve optimum performance when it comes to providing services or create products.
An industrial engineer requires a learning in the University, and like other branches of engineering, industrial engineering requires knowledge of statistics, quality control, sociology, psychology, finance and, of course, mathematics, physics and chemistry. Similarly, modern industrial engineers valen's simulations by computer to facilitate the work and deliver better results, in an effort that requires knowledge of mathematical models and computational methods.
There are certain things that distinguish the industrial engineering from virtually all the other engineering companies. For example, a student of industrial engineering must place emphasis on the study of lapsicologia, in order to develop effective methods for dealing with labour force of some organization. An industrial engineer task is to determine how many people is needed to perform a job, if a machine is designed correctly designed to be used by a human, and if its operation is safe. In addition, the industrial engineer studies if there is good communication between employees and managers, both to pay someone to do the work and if an employee requires more training to carry out their duties.
Some of the possible specializations of an industrial engineer include the planning of production, analysis techniques and systems, corporate planning, assisted by computer, productivity improvement and robotic manufacturing.
Industrial engineering is one of the most popular. In United States, it is as the third most popular, with 201,000 engineers industrial engineering in the workforce, according to official statistics.


2. Definition of Industrial Engineering

Engineering is the science dedicated to the study and application of the various branches of technology. The engineer is responsible for applying their inventiveness and subdivide method realize ideas into reality and, thereby, solve human problems.
Industrial engineering is the discipline that analyses the factors linked to the production of goods and services. Thus, it focuses on the analysis, design, planning, control and optimization of industrial process, without neglecting the different technical, economic and social aspects.
Ingeniería industrialIndustrial engineers aims to understand and develop systems of industrial production, in a way such that their results are predictable. Why this science specialists carried out a task of prediction on the consequences of the activity of an industry.
Frederick Taylor (promoter of scientific organization of labour), Harrington Emerson (pioneer in payment of awards for effectiveness) and Henry Ford (creator of the production in series using the Assembly lines) are considered the fathers of industrial engineering.
In England, the development of the industrial revolution was key to the emergence of industrial engineering as a science. Little by little, entrepreneurs were forming in these issues and achieved valuable knowledge about industrial organization.
Today, industrial engineering tasks tend to be developed by contracted experts and not by the owners of the company. Similarly, management activities can be delegated in people with appropriate studies and the owner of the company can limit its role to the inverter.


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