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Concepts and meanings of initial education
1 Meaning of initial education• Early childhood education: Considered initial education, which begins from the conception of the child, up to four years of age; trying to their integral development and supporting the family for its full formation. Its goals are to ensure the full development of every human being from conception, its existence and right to live in family and environmental conducive conditions, before the responsibility of the State and pursue development psicobiosocial of the child care programs through the mother in periods pre and postnatal support and social protection.
Initial education aims to promote the physical, cognitive, affective and social development of children under four years of age and includes guidance for parents or guardians to their children's education.
Objectives:• Fosters the personal development of the child through situations and opportunities that allow you to expand and consolidate its mental structure, language, psychomotricity and affectivity.
• Contributes to the knowledge and management of social interaction, stimulating it to participate in actions of integration and improvement in family, community and school.
• Stimulates, increases and orients the curiosity of the child to start it in knowledge and understanding of the nature, as well as the development of skills and attitudes to conserve it and correct it.
• Enrich the practices of care and attention for children of 4 years by parents and social groups where children live.
• Extends recognition spaces for children in the society in which they live, fostering a climate of respect and stimulation for their development.
2. Definition of initial educationEarly childhood education is the name given to the cycle of studies prior to compulsory primary education established in many parts of the Hispanic world. In some places, is part of the formal education system and in others is a care or kindergarten Center and covers the age of 0 to 6.
This established institution is known in various forms, whether it forms part of the educational system, nursery school, otherwise known as, has several names: crèche, kindergarten children, kindergarten, nursery school, kindergarten, kindergarten, Garden of infants, etc.
The first years of life in humans are fundamental for the future development of the requisite skills, it is why the childish stage must be stimulated in all directions, creating or generating learning that in the afterlife will be basic to learning.
Initial education is education the child receives in their first years of life (0-6), this is a very important stage in the development of the child, because that can wake up to their physical and/or psychological abilities your creativity, can be taught to be autonomous and authentic; that more forward can serve you to open world by itself alone. to do so will have launched various programs that support the learning of children, een taking pedagogical theories: Jean Piaget, Vygotsky, freud, froebel, montesorri. among others the initial education is a right of children; You can see as an opportunity for parents to enhance and/or enrich their parenting practices and achieve a quality parenting, not forgetting also the commitment of the teaching staff and support to fulfill the purposes that have been planned.
Initial education is intended to ensure a harmonious development of the child, for it has a pedagogic program and its operation is the responsibility of all adults who are related and have an influence on minors, may be relatives or specialized education personnel. It is provided in two forms: school and non school.The school: is offered through the centres of child development (CENDI) where attention is given to children of working mothers in urban centres. No school mode that can be handled at the Institute does not require installations, because it is a program aimed at training of fathers and mothers to properly educate their children, this program operates essentially in rural communities, urban marginalized and indigenous people.
The age of the children is between 0 to 6 years. These ages are divided into two cycles: first cycle, ranging from 0 to 3 years; and a second cycle, ranging from 3 to 6 years of age. They learn how to communicate, play and interact with others appropriately. A teacher offers you various materials to manipulate and perform activities that motivate them to learn the language and vocabulary of words, math, science, foreign languages and computation, thus also like art, music and social conduct.
3 Concept of initial educationInitial education refers to that stage of schooling that precedes primary schooling in the formal education process. Usually receive the name of kindergarten, preschool or kindergarten. It complements education the child receives within her family, this time being in charge of teachers specialized in early childhood, integrating it with other children, and expand your social circle, facing a full human development.
According to article 18 of the new law of education in argentina is the pedagogical unit aimed at children ages from 45 days to 5 years. Compulsory only occurs at age 5. Initial education is responsible to the public sector or private, the last year in any institution with official recognition and must be placed.
They are objectives of this early education, the promotion of values, especially the of respect, solidarity, commitment, confidence and friendship; the acquisition of motor basic skills, develop their imagination and creativity, to feel pleasure in music, drawing and games, such as modes of artistic and cultural expression; increase your vocabulary and its expressiveness, improve your communication, and the integration of all children whatever be their origin, social and cultural.
Initial education began to assume importance through some pedagogues like the Italian María Montessori (1870-1952) who assigned him a huge importance in the formation of psychic functions, determining their intellectual, social and emotional abilities. In Argentina, Rosario Vera Peñaloza (1873-1950), founded the first of many kindergartens in the year 1900, in La Rioja.