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What is the meaning of Maintenance? Concept, Definition of Maintenance

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Maintenance concepts

Meaning of maintenance

The European Federation of National Maintenance Societies defined maintenance as: all actions that are intended to keep an article or restore it to a State in which to carry out any required function. These actions include the combination of technical and administrative actions.
In the world of telecommunications and engineering the concept of maintenance has the following meanings:
1. Any activity - as checks, measurements, replacements, adjustments and repairs — needed to maintain or repair a functional unit in such a way that it can fulfil its functions.
2. For materials: maintenance
• All actions carried out to keep the materials in a suitable condition or processes to achieve this condition. They include actions of inspection, checks, classification, repair, etc.
• Set of actions necessary to ensure that an item continue doing its job provision and repair.
• Recurring routines necessary to keep a facility (plant, building, real estate, etc.) under the right conditions to permit their use in an efficient way, as it is designated.
Types of maintenance
In peacekeeping operations, we can distinguish the following definitions:
1. Maintenance: defined as the set of operations that equipment qualifies for the purpose for which was built.
1.1. Maintenance of conservation: is intended to compensate the deterioration suffered by the use, meteorological agents or other causes.They may be differentiated in the maintenance of conservation:
1.1.1 Maintenance: that corrects the defects or faults observed.
1.1.1.1. Immediate corrective maintenance: is that is done immediately perceive the fault and defect, with the means available, intended for that purpose.
1.1.1.2. Deferred corrective maintenance: to produce the failure or defect occurs a stoppage of the installation or equipment concerned, to subsequently address repair, asking the media for that purpose.
1.1.2. Preventive maintenance: as the intended to ensure the reliability of equipment in operation before an accident or breakdown can occur by deterioration.Preventive maintenance we can see:
1.1.1.1. Scheduled maintenance: as that is performed by program revisions, by time of performance, mileage, etc.
1.1.1.2 Predictive maintenance: performs interventions predicting the time that team would be out of service by monitoring its operation by determining its evolution, and therefore the moment in which repairs must be made.
1.1.1.3 Maintenance of opportunity: that is the one that leverages the stops or periods of non use of equipment to perform maintenance operations, made revisions or necessary repairs to ensure the proper functioning of the equipment in the new period of use.
1.2 Maintenance update: whose purpose is to compensate for the technological obsolescence, or the new requirements, which did not exist or were not taken into account at the time of construction but that now if you have it.


Definition of maintenance

Definition of maintenance: a set of appropriate actions, you continue ongoing and aimed to provide for and ensure the normal operation, efficiency and good appearance of systems, buildings, equipment and accessories.
Terms that we must analyze are contained in this definition:
• Actions: they are effects of doing something. The most important maintenance actions are: planning, programming, implementation, monitoring and control.
• You continue: that last or are made without interruptions.
• Permanent: long firm and steady, persevering.
In order to ensure the operational readiness of systems, buildings, installations, equipment and accessories, maintenance must be carried out in a manner continued and permanent through plans that contain purposes, goals and objectives clearly defined and precise.
• Predict means: see in advance. Knowing, guessing what has to happen. With good planning and timely programmes for routine inspections, maintenance engineer is capable of detecting the symptoms that indicate, many times well in advance, the teams are close to failing and that, accordingly, it must tackle correct deviations before they become problems of greater significance.
• Ensure: establish, securely fastened, preserve of damages to persons or things.
• Operation: action work.
• Normal: Jesus said is that by its nature, form or magnitude, conforms to certain rules laid down in advance.
Have a minimum human resources group of maintenance capable of ensuring optimization of production, availability of equipment and safety in the industrial plant.
Types of maintenance: within the main types of maintenance are the following:
Preventive maintenance: Services of inspection, control, preservation and restoration of an item in order to prevent, detect or correct defects, trying to avoid failure. This maintenance is performed with a frequency depending on the criticality of the team.
Corrective maintenance: Items with fault repair services; i.e. this maintenance is performed when the fault is detected or when it happened.
Predictive maintenance: Tracking services of wear of one or more parts or component of priority teams through analysis of symptoms, or estimate done by statistical evaluation, trying to extrapolate the behavior of those parts or components and determine the exact point of change.
Predictive maintenance based on reliability or systematically on how to preserve the required performance based on the physical characteristics, the way as it is used, especially as it may fail and evaluating their consequences so apply the appropriate maintenance tasks (preventive or remedial).
Mejorativo maintenance or redesigns:, consists in the alteration or change of the original conditions of the equipment or installation.
It is not task of maintaining itself, although maintenance makes it.
Selective maintenance: Services of change of one or more parts or components of priority equipment according to manufacturers recommendations or research entities.
Principles and application of maintenance: the main principle of the maintenance is to ensure that all assets continue to play the desired functions. With the aim of ensuring the competitiveness of the company by means of:
• Ensure planned desired function, availability and reliability
• Meet all the requirements of the quality system of the company,
• Comply with all rules of safety and environment, and
• Maximize the overall benefit.
Maintenance is applicable to any system or company wishing to increase the reliability or the useful life of assets, one of the most important aspects of the maintenance of the equipment, machinery and facilities, is to apply a proper maintenance plan that increases the useful life of these by reducing the need for spare parts and minimizing annual cost of used material, as it is known many of the machinery used in our country are brought from abroad as well as many materials and some spare parts. Maintenance is a process which applies a set of actions and operations aimed at the preservation of property and that is born from the same time conceived the project to then extend its useful life. To carry out this maintenance must be through programs that it corresponds to the establishment of frequencies and the fixing of dates for any activity.


Maintenance concept

In general terms for maintenance is designated to the set of actions that are intended to keep an article or restore it to a State in which it can deploy the required function or which had been deployed so far that has been damaged, in the event that it has suffered any breakage that did need repair and the relevant maintenance.
These actions of restoration techniques but also administrative corresponding include not only.
In both, at the behest of the world of telecommunications and engineering, the term of maintenance holds several references, including: tests, measurements, replacements, adjustments and repairs that are of vital importance to maintain or repair a functional unit so that it can fulfil its relevant functions, those actions, such as inspection, testing, classification or repair, to keep processes or materials in a proper condition to achieve this condition, actions necessary to ensure that an item continue fulfilling the purpose for which is intended or was created and routines necessary to maintain in good condition and operating facilities (industrial plants, buildings, real estate) and recurrent provision and repair.
As a result of the large number of items and products that must be maintained within a company or institution is a software product that allows you to manage and store all the information relating to maintenance is designed. This situation occurs mostly in industries such as aerospace, military installations, large industrial complexes and shipping companies.
This software is helpful for engineers and technicians who work in the area of maintenance of any of these industries because it helps reduce times and costs, in addition to being fundamental to improve service and communication between those legs involved in the process. Also, through this program can manage projects, schedule them, perform historical maintenance, record number of sets of parts and materials, among other issues.


Definition of maintenance

Maintenance is the result of the verb to keep word derives from latinas, "manus" with the meaning of hand and "tenere" (have). Therefore maintenance is what remains after having had something in our hands, so you are protected or preserved.
For example, the maintenance of chilled dairy products to not break the cold chain; the maintenance of our habitat natral to not degrade it; the building maintenance, which allows the constructions remain standing in buenascondiciones without risk for residents or neighbors; the contribution in money that should make the spouse for the son who does not live to collaborate with their healthy physical and psychological maintenance, with him and so on.
Expenditures that are made so that a thing cannot perish or be destroyed are called conservatories or maintenance, and cando is property of several, which made him is entitled to charge the other condominium owners their part, even when you have executed it without consulting them, as it is of absolute necessity. For example, if you have a horse, feed or veterinary expenses.
Consists of treating of the object of maintenance if it is in condition to optimal, continue in that State to avoid breakage or accidents, (preventive maintenance) and if you're sick, deteriorated or functioning incorrectly again to be effective (as requested or corrective maintenance).
Some subjects and objects require more maintenance than others. For example, a piece of furniture requires only be cleaned and do not expose it to shocks, or inclement weather to keep it; but an animal needs sometimes from medications and surgeries, in addition to permanent power, and electronic devices need servicing to repair or update them.


Definition of maintenance

Predictive maintenance which is based on the determination of the State of the machine in operation. The concept relies on machines to give a kind of notification before the fallen and this maintenance comes to perceive symptoms then take actions.
It's non-destructive testing, such as oil, analysis of wear particle analysis, measurement of vibrations, measurement of temperatures, infrared thermography, etc. Predictive maintenance enables decisions until the failure occurs: replace or repair the machine at a nearby stop, detect abnormal conditions of the equipment changes and correct them, etc.

Preventative maintenance is a programmed activity of inspections, both performance and safety, adjustments, repairs, analysis, cleaning, lubrication, calibration, which should be carried out periodically on the basis of an established plan. The purpose is to anticipate breakdowns or malfunctions in its initial state and correct them to keep the installation in full operation at optimum levels and efficiency. Preventive maintenance allows you to detect errors repeated, decrease the points dead by stops, increase the useful life of equipment, reduce costs of repairs, detect weak points in the installation from a long list of advantages.

Maintenance corrective maintenance by breaking was the outline of what today is the maintenance. This the maintenance stage is preceded by planned maintenance.
Until the 1950s, in full development of the production chain and the consumer society, the important thing was to produce much at low cost. At this stage, the maintenance was seen as a necessary service that would cost little and go unnoticed as a sign that "things go well".

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