Concepts and meanings of Technology Park
1 Meaning of technological parkTechnology parks are models to capitalize on knowledge in national and regional development, are effective instruments in the transfer of technology, creation and attraction of companies with high added value. In order to accommodate small and medium-sized enterprises developed technologies and promote innovation and technological development by SMEs, the secretariats of economy of States in coordination with the private agencies, civil associations, the technology parks program was created.
The situation of these parks is usually in industrial land councils put at the service of companies in high technology or media technology. The positive data from employment growth, which has increased by 7% and investment in r & d, which increases 26% reaching 1.226 billion euros, with a total turnover of 145.155 workers stand out.
The number of enterprises and employment in r & d has also grown and in 2010 25.443 people dedicated to r & d tasks, were registered 5.539 companies in parks and a total representing an increase of 8% and 10% respectively.
The turnover of the whole of the parks during 2010ha registered a slight decrease of 0.3%, with an overall of 21.475 billion euros figure.
2. Definition of technological parkPark is a term with multiple uses: might be a wooded area for recreation; surfaces prepared specially for the installation of industries; or the set of tools, systems, and materials that are used in the public services.
Technology, for its part, is an adjective that mentions what is linked with the technology (the application of knowledge for the development of solutions or techniques).
A technology park, therefore, is a region prepared by the State for the filing and installation of various technology companies. In this area, companies that settle enjoy various benefits, from remove it from taxes to communications facilities.
A Government which seeks to create an industrial park is to encourage innovation and the creation of products or services that generate significant added value. For this purpose, the State works in conjunction with private companies, since the growth of these contributes to national wealth and the training of persons working in the sector.
It is usual that a technological park is believed in the vicinity of a Technical University to facilitate the incorporation of students and young professionals to technology companies. It is also thought that the technology park is located in an easy accessible place.
The technological park of Andalusia is an example of this type of parks. Inaugurated in 1992, this park located in the Spanish city of Malaga is home to nearly 15,000 workers in 160 hectares.