Warehouse concepts and derived words
Meaning of warehouseA warehouse is a place or physical space for the storage of goods within the supply chain. Stores are an essential infrastructure for the activity of all kinds of economic agents (farmers, ranchers, miners, industrialists, transporters, importers, exporters, traders, intermediaries, consumers, etc.) They constitute a usual part of farms agricultural and livestock (in many cases as part of traditional rural housing or peculiar constructions), as well as factories, industrial parks and industrial facilities of all kinds, and spaces dedicated to transportation (ports, airports, railway installations) and Commerce (shopping centers, supermarkets). Also called «warehouse», especially in Latin America, to your own shop or establishment of trade retailer.
In a warehouse can be disposed of both raw materials and semi-finished product or finished product waiting to be transferred to the next link in the chain of supply. Packaging, spare parts, maintenance parts can also be found...
It serves as the control center of the flow of goods between the availability and the need of manufacturers, traders and consumers.
They are typically large, flat buildings in industrial areas of cities. They are equipped with:
springs • from load to load and unload trucks; sometimes are loaded directly from railways, airports or seaports,
• storage facilities, adapted to the product and its inventory, such as shelves, racks, cantilevers rotation...
They often have forklifts front, stackers or pallet trucks for the handling of goods which are usually deposited in standardized pallets. According to the type of stored goods can also be found more specific machines as a bridge crane or cranes.
Some warehouses are completely automated, without hardly having workers in its interior. In these cases, the merchandise is handled with «transelevadores», storage and retrieval machines coordinated by programmable controllers and computers with appropriate software.
These automated warehouses are utlizan to save temperature-controlled goods, because the availability of space is often less because of the high cost of refrigeration for the company. They are also used for materials or goods that make profitable the high cost involved putting up such facilities due to his dangerousness in the manipulated, or its high inventory turnover.
Processes within the warehouse
The common processes of a store are:
• shelving pallet racking or stock placement.
• picking and picking list.
Management within the movement of the goods warehouse (location, inventory...) is performed through any computer system type SGA.
Greater tension flows between supply and demand, has led to a small decline in traditional stores due to the gradual introduction of production systems based on the JIT (Just In Time), which is a set of techniques designed to improve the internal rate of return of a business based on the elimination or drastic reduction of any type of product stored.
Despite this and the advice offered by specialized consultants, the distance between the manufacturer and the seller has grown considerably in many aspects being suitable any warehouse per country or per region in a chain of supply for certain product ranges.
The primary objective of companies that introduce a warehouse system in your supply chain is the optimization of the 'level of service' offered to the client, with profitability criterion. For this employ techniques derived from the engineering and operations research focused on vital issues such as location of or stores, distribution both internal and external space in them, choosing the type of appropriate storage structure, effective management of tours and manipulations within the warehouse, optimization of cargo space in the different means of transport, creation of transport routes aimed to reduce displacement or to maximize the cargo and design of Agile management and administration systems.
Definition of warehouseThe warehouse floor is a term popular in our language, that boasts a frequent use and which is also applied in various contexts.
To the premises, space or physical place that is intended to accommodate goods or in which products are sold to the wholesale warehouse is designated to it. For some industries and the economy agents, warehouse, turns out to be an elementary space for satisfactory operation given that without wheel sale could hardly be guaranteed. In the store you can save raw materials used in the production process in question as well as also can safeguard products semi finished or finished completely, to be then earmarked for sales or channel of distribution that corresponds.
Also, buyers, clients, can approach to acquire goods at these stores. In the majority of cases it's really large spaces which have spacious shelves are organized in which products or raw materials and special machinery that make easier the manipulation and movement of goods.
On the other hand, the word warehouse is also used in some places speaking to designate the place where you can buy edible products. In the small and simple you can buy only groceries and drinks, although there are stores who have more products on sale and are not confined only to the grocery, being able consumer purchase items of perfumery, electronics, household appliances, bookstore, toys, among others.
And the concept of stores applies to designate those commercial establishments of important size, which are divided into departments or sections and which sold to the retail consumer a wide variety of products: food, beverages, furniture, perfumes, clothing, electronic items, accessories fashion, among others. El corte Inglés in Spain, Sears and Macy's in the United States, are some of the most outstanding stores in the world.
Store conceptThe etymological origin of the word store is Arabic "to the" (el) and "Majzan" (store or warehouse). Is why when we talk about warehouse we are alluding represent to the collection of raw materials or products somewhere, either to save them or sell them to the wholesale, still common in Latin America, the denomination of warehouse for aquelcomercio destined for retail, small scale food products: "in the store in my neighborhood have enough variety and good price", and avoid the long queues of the supermarket". There are also warehouses of general classes that sell various goods, still common in small villages, where sometimes is the only local sales, since in the cities were replaced by hypermarkets.
Store in a broad sense, as a place where raw materials or products are placed, in general is a transient place, to develop other purposes: replenishment, production, sale, or transportation to the destination that will be used, and so on.
Storage is a stage in the production chain where you store and control stocks, starting tasks with the entry of articles which are given discharge, then identified and assigned a place protected according to the needs of the product, that are kept in good condition and are easily recognizable. Later orders are prepared there and dispensing them is, performing a control of the stock that remains in existence, to evaluate if applicable your replenishment, in this case, informing the shopping sector.