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1.1 Pyramids of Giza, Egypt

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7 Wonders of the world old (series 1)

Pyramids of Khufu (Cheops), Jafra (Chephren) and Menkaure (Mykerinus), Giza
They the seven wonders of the world, also calls the seven wonders or the seven wonders of the ancient world were a set of architectural works that Greeks, especially from the Hellenistic period, was considered worthy of being visited, be they illustrious monuments of creation and human ingenuity.
Of these only one, the great pyramid, remains standing despite the intentions of rebuilding some of them past and present.
The fact that five of the seven wonders belong to the Hellenistic world clearly indicates the character helenocentrico from the list, and their dates of construction and destruction also indicate that the concept of the "seven wonders" was coined in the middle of the 3rd century to. C.


This type of pyramids is the stage which leads, in the phase of evolution, towards the Classic pyramids, smooth faces, of the fourth dynasty (c. 2500 BC); the most famous are the pyramids of Cheops, Chephren and Mykerinos, erected on the plateau of Giza, near Cairo. 

File:Giza Plateau - Great Sphinx with Pyramid of Khafre in background.JPG
"The horizon of Khufu" pyramid
Egypt's largest pyramid. The best architectural and geometric proportions are achieved for the first time.
Pharaoh: Khufu (Cheops), dynasty V (2589-2566 BC)
Technical features: 230,33 side m., 146,59 m. of height and 2.583.283 m3 of volume. Inclination of 51 ° 50′ 40″
Pyramid "Grande is Jafra"
White limestone cladding, lost in almost all other preserves at its peak.
Pharaoh: Jafra (Chephren), dynasty IV (2558-2532 BC)
Technical features: 215 m from side, 143.5 m in height and 2.211.096 m3 of volume. Inclination of 53 ° 10′.
Pyramid "Menkaure is divine"
Built with great abundance of granite, material more expensive and difficult to work.
Pharaoh: Menkaure (Mycerinus), dynasty IV (2532-2530 BC)
Technical characteristics: 102,2 x 104 base, side 6 m, 65 m in height and 235.183 m3 of volume. Inclination of 51 ° 20′ 25″.


Source consulted or translated:   Pirámides de Giza, Egipto

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